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我们也能拥有发声蟑螂身上的这种螨虫吗 – 译学馆
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我们也能拥有发声蟑螂身上的这种螨虫吗

You Wish You Had Mites Like This Hissing Cockroach | Deep Look

《微观深望》
Is there anything more lowly than the lowly cockroach?
有比蟑螂还低级的东西吗?
Uh, yeah there is.
嗯 是有的
That’s a cockroach mite.
这是一只蟑螂螨虫
It lives its entire life on this cockroach.
它一辈子都靠这只蟑螂生活
But these hitchhikers are doing a lot more good than you might think.
但这个搭车的蟑螂螨虫比你想象的要好多了
The mites are only on one type of cockroach—
蟑螂螨虫只寄生在一种蟑螂身上
these guys— Madagascar hissing cockroaches…
就是它们——马达加斯加发声蟑螂
…which are known for their hiss, of course.
从名字也可以看出来 它们以发出的嘶嘶声而知名
They do that when disturbed or looking for a mate.
他们被打扰或寻找伴侣时会这样做
They only live in the Madagascar rainforest
它们只生活在位于非洲大陆外一座岛上的
on an island off the coast of Africa.
马达加斯加雨林中
And they’re bigger than the cockroaches you might find in your kitchen,
他们比你在厨房里发现的蟑螂还大
like these brown-banded roaches.
比如这些褐带蠊
These pests will eat anything:
这些害虫会吃掉任何东西:
food scraps, poop, trash—you name it.
食物残渣 粪便 垃圾等等
As a result, they can spread disease or trigger allergies.
因此 它们会传播疾病或引发过敏
Hissing cockroaches are detritivores.
发声蟑螂是食腐生物
They mainly eat decaying leaves,
主要吃腐烂的树叶
tidying up the forest floor.
收拾森林的地面
They can even be kept as pets,
它们甚至可以当宠物养
because they’re more docile than their common cousins.
因为它们比其他同类温顺
And most importantly, they’re a lot cleaner
最重要的是 它们干净多了
thanks to a permanent population of tiny housekeepers.
这都归功于久居在他们身上的小管家
Ok, yeah, it looks pretty bad.
没错这看起来很恶心
The mites crowd together in the crevices—
螨虫聚集在蟑螂够不着的缝隙里
places where the cockroach can’t brush them off.
所以蟑螂也赶不走它们
They get their meals near the cockroach’s head,
它们在蟑螂的头部附近吃饭
gobbling up the food bits and saliva that the roach leaves behind.
狼吞虎咽蟑螂留下的食物碎片和唾液
When they get thirsty, they head to the spiracles:
它们口渴时会向气孔移动:
The mites get water vapor from them.
螨虫喝它们身上的水蒸汽
The roach also has one special hissing spiracle
这种蟑螂还有一个特殊的发声气门
for that signature sound.
它们标志性的声音就是这里发出来的
The mites live on a single roach,
蟑螂螨虫只靠一只蟑螂为生
unless they get passed on from roach parent to roach baby.
或由蟑螂的父母传给蟑螂幼虫
They’re doing these cockroaches a favor.
他们是在帮蟑螂的忙
By cleaning up the old food and debris,
通过清理剩下的食物和残渣
the mites help keep them free of mold and pathogens,
螨虫帮它们远离霉菌和病原体
potentially extending the roaches’ lives.
很有可能就这样延长了蟑螂的寿命
Really, both a hissing cockroach and its mites have the same important job:
实际上发声蟑螂和其螨虫都有同样重要的工作
keeping the world a little bit neater.
让这个世界更整洁
Not so lowly, after all.
现在看来没那么低级了吧
Looking for more wild science adventures?
想看更多的野生科学冒险?
Journey to Earth’s Most Remote Laboratory in Antarctic Extremes,
地球上最偏远的南极实验室之旅
a harsh, thrilling and hilarious new show
是来自NOVA和PBS数字工作室的
from NOVA and PBS Digital Studios.
严酷 刺激和搞笑的新节目
Hosts Caitlin Saks and Arlo Pérez
主持人Caitlin Saks和Arlo Pérez
reveal a world where science and survival meet.
揭示了科学和生存共存的世界
Find the show on Terra, PBS Digital Studios’ new science channel.
节目已经在PBS数字工作室新的科学频道Terra上架啦
Link is in the description.
链接就在视频描述里

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视频概述

介绍了寄居于马达加斯加岛上的发声蟑螂身上的螨虫

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收集自网络

翻译译者

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3gvx8UQiZA

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