ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

横向位移镜头简析-《狼的孩子雨和雪》 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

横向位移镜头简析-《狼的孩子雨和雪》

Wolf Children (2012) - The Lateral Tracking Shot

[音乐]
[music]
嗨 我是托尼 这里是《一帧一画》
Hi, my name is Tony and this is Every Frame a Painting.
这个视频应该是在母亲节前完成的
So this video was supposed to be done in time for Mother’s Day,
但未能如愿
but that didn’t happen.
对不起 妈妈
Sorry ma!
不管怎样 今天讲的电影是
Anyway, today’s film is Wolf Children
细田守的《狼的孩子雨和雪》
directed by Mamoru Hosoda.
这是一部温馨的小电影
This is a really lovely little film
两年前获得了日本学院奖的最佳动画电影
and it won the Japanese Academy Award for Best Animated Film two years ago.
如果你还没看过 请一定去看看
If you haven’t seen it, please do.
但这一次 我的视频不会剧透
But for once, my video will provide no spoilers.
所以就算你没看过也可以享受这个视频
So you can enjoy this without having seen Wolf Children.
我今天的主题是电影中的一个镜头
My subject today is a single shot from the film right here.
这是一个持续57秒的横向位移镜头
It’s a lateral tracking shot lasting 57 seconds,
镜头跟随两个孩子雨和雪
and it follows the two children, Ame and Yuki
从一年级到四年级 中间没有剪切
from first grade to fourth grade without any cuts.
我们看到雨一年级时孤身一人
We see Ame is a loner in first grade
而他的姐姐雪正在适应学校的生活
while his sister Yuki adjusts to life at school.
看到雨被欺负 雪做出反应
We see him bullied, we see her reaction.
看到雪融入班级
And we see her find a place in the classroom
雨却开始逃课
while he starts to ditch class.
就是这样
That’s really it.
为什么我觉得这个镜头很厉害呢
So why do I think this shot is actually kind of amazing?
听起来很奇怪
This might sound like a weird thing to say,
但我一直不知道如何使用横向位移镜头
but I’ve never really understood how to use the lateral tracking shot.
我看到其他导演使用它 有时应用得很漂亮
Like I’ve seen the other directors use it, sometimes beautifully,
但我从没弄清怎样运用这个表现手法
but I’ve never figured out how to pull it off myself.
因为当你把镜头分解出来
Because when you break it down,
横向位移镜头有点奇怪
the lateral tracking shot is kind of weird.
这是电影中最不主观的一种镜头
It’s one of the least subjective shots in cinema.
其实是最客观的一种
It’s actually one of most objective.
它不会表现任何角色的观点
It doesn’t really suggest any characters point of view.
它让观众处在上帝视角
It just suggests you’re an omniscient God
旁观电影里的一切
and you’re just watching.
这是非常真实的呈现
And it’s very literal.
所见即所得
What you see is what you get.
那么用它表现什么呢?
So what do you use it for?
很多电影人用它来快速建立场景
Most filmmakers use it as a quick establishing move.
当你需要控制一个场景的开始和结束时
When you wanna start a scene and end in your master,
这是非常简单的方法
it’s a pretty simple way to go.
“嘿 伙计 如果我不小心刮掉一个乳头”
Hey man, if I accidentally shave off a nipple,
-可以拿到工伤补偿吗?-嗯
-would it be covered by Workmen’s comp?-Hmm…
遗憾的是 在过去的五年里
Sadly in the last five years,
这种类型的镜头完全败给了
this type of shot has just been beaten into the ground
单反相机和滑动器
by DSLRs and sliders.
即便是用单反拍摄的好镜头
Even good movies shot on DSLR
滑动器用得也太多了
have the slider overkill going on.
所以我们可以找到更好的用法
So yeah, we can find a better way to use it.
比如有哪些?
Well, what else is there?
你可以在战争片中看到这种镜头
Another place you see the shot is in war movies.
当你想展示军队声势浩大
When you want to show the vastness of an army
或围绕一个士兵进行拍摄
or the world around some soldiers
就可以使用到横向位移镜头
the lateral tracking shot will do the trick.
建立营地场景时绝对是首选
It’s really the go-to shot for establishing a camp.
-这该死的战争-这就像大海捞针一样
-This goddamn war.-Like finding a needle in a stack of needles.
奔跑场景中也很好用
It’s also great for running.
不管是那人在奔向命运
Whether that be people running towards destiny
或者奔向心爱的女人
or they’re towards the woman they love,
甚至只是在慢跑
even just running to run.
对了 为什么不用慢动作呢?
Hell, why not slow-motion?
或者拍汤姆·克鲁斯时
Or Tom Cruise?
让开!让开!
让开!让开!
我不知道为什么
And I don’t know why
这种镜头在超市场景中也很好用
but it also really popular for a supermarkets.
也许因为超市没有生机 有些可怕
Maybe because there soulless and terrible
比如我家附近的喜互惠超市
like the safeway near my house.
戈达尔就在电影中应用了
Bedard seems to have done the definitive
这种“我讨厌超市”镜头
“I hate supermarkets” shot in cinema.
[一群人的喊叫声]
[a crowd of people shouting]
某些电影制作人还会一次性地使用这种镜头
And there’s a bunch of other like one-off uses by certain filmmakers.
彼得·格林纳威用它使画面像一幅移动的画
Peter Greenaway uses it to make the frame feel like a moving painting.
朴赞郁用它拍了一场精彩的打斗戏
I’ve seen Park Chan-wook use it for an amazing fight scene.
巴斯特·基顿用它来拍动作喜剧
I’ve seen Buster Keaton use it for physical comedy.
[无声电影]
[silent movie]
斯科塞斯用它拍摄大屠杀
I’ve seen Scorsese use it for a mass execution.
我也很喜欢《玩具总动员》的这个即兴场景
And I also really like this one-off gag from Toy Story.
[音乐]
[music]
一些电影制作人把它作为个人风格
Some filmmakers make it a personal statement.
库布里克喜欢使用它
Kubrick loved it.
我想是因为它展示了事物的原貌
I think because it showed things the way they were
而不是我们想象中的那样
and not how we imagine them to be.
他在《光荣之路》中使用了这种镜头
He used it brilliantly in Paths of Glory to show
充分展示出战壕的长度
just the extent of the war and the trenches.
《闪灵》中这种镜头随处可见
And in The Shining, it’s everywhere.
用镜头的持续建立出恐惧感
It’s one of the ongoing ways that’s he builds a sense of dread.
这样的场景使人感觉很压抑
The environment just feels oppressive when you look at it like this.
另一个经常使用它的人是维斯·安德森
Another person who uses it a lot is Wes Anderson, I think.
因为它表现出了他喜欢的那种
Because it conveys that kind of dollhouse
玩具屋和平面故事书的感觉
flat storybook look that he loves.
色调鲜明的场景中 角色像这样直线移动
It’s also kind of inherently funny when you have
这种镜头一看就非常搞笑
bright colors and people moving in straight lines like this.
我不知道 有点奇怪
I don’t know, it’s kind of weird.
#这是违法的#“哈哈哈……”
# It’s against the law…”Hahaha…”
横向位移镜头很少用于展现亲密关系
But the one thing I rarely see the lateral tracking shot used for is Intimacy.
就算你把镜头从角色身上拉得再远
It’s not really an intimate shot.
也无法表现出亲密感
Like no matter what you always seem to end up at a distance from the characters
甚至最伟大的电影制作人都知道这一点
and even the greatest filmmakers know this.
那么怎样才能拍出不是很亲密的镜头呢
So how can you make this shot which isn’t really intimate?
完全不亲密
Intimate!
“你收到我的花了吗……”
“Did you get my flowers in the…”
这是马丁·斯科塞斯的处理方式
Here’s one way by Martin Scorsese.
“你没有收到……我送的……一些花……”
“You didn’t get them… I sent them… some flowers… “
镜头从角色身上拉开
Track away from the character.
“我可以……再打给你吗?还有”
“Can…can I call you again? And…”
这很奇怪 因为它没有感染力
It’s weird because it’s unmotivated
这和你所学到的正好相反
and it’s the opposite of what you’re taught to do.
但它确实起作用了
But it really works.
这个场景令人感到空虚 悲伤和孤独
It feels empty and sad and lonely.
当镜头从他身上移开时
And it makes you feel bad for Travis Bickle
你会为特拉维斯·比克感到难过
by removing him from your field of view.
“我给她打了好几次电话”
“I tried several times to call her.
“但是她只接了第一通”
But after the first call,
“就再也不接电话了”
she wouldn’t come to the phone any longer.”
这是另一个镜头
Or here’s another.
大家普遍认为这个镜头是
This is widely considered
电影史上最伟大的镜头之一
one of the greatest shots in the history of cinema.
这个镜头的迷人之处在于它的长度
The fascinating thing about this shot is just sheer length.
足有九分钟长
It’s NINE minutes long!
镜头中角色用手护着蜡烛
And it’s the main character trying to take this candle
从一端走到另一端
from one end to the other.
但是这个镜头只有一个视觉焦点
But since the shot has only one visual focus
一个戏剧目标
and one dramatic goal,
塔科夫斯基让这一时刻展开
Tarkovsky can let the moment unfold.
我们看到角色的每一步行动
We see every step the character takes,
每一次失败 每一次重新尝试
every failure, every retry.
镜头的长度会让你陷入奇怪的沉思恍惚中
The shot’s length puts you in a weird meditative trance.
场景太过简单
And because it’s so simple
你可以把它解读为一个符号或隐喻
you can read it as a symbol or metaphor
“为你想要的付出的斗争和挣扎”
for any struggle you could possibly want.
这是典型的“简单 纯粹”
It’s a real model of simplicity and purity.
然后还有这样的
And then there’s this:
[音乐]
[music]
我认为这是近五年或十年内
I actually think this is the most emotional use
最令人感动的移镜运用
of this camera move in the last five or ten years.
为了印证这点
And just to prove it,
来看看用不同的方式下这一幕是怎样的效果
watch how the exact same moment plays
把画面单独拿出来 做一个直接剪切
if I take out the track and do a straight cut.
或溶解转场
Or a dissolve.
或推进处理
Or a push in.
这个例子很好的说明横向位移是完全正确的
This is a perfect example of where the lateral move is exactly right.
镜头远离角色让这个镜头更伤感
Being further away from the characters makes this moment sadder,
因为我们帮不了他们
because we can’t help them.
从左向右移动意味着时间已经过去
Moving left to right implies that time has passed
我们再也回不去了
and we can never go back.
带着这些我们回到《狼的孩子雨和雪》
So all that brings us back to Wolf Children.
像这里的几个镜头
Like a few shots on this list,
实际上是非常亲密的小片段
it’s actually a really intimate little piece.
它展示了孩子们就在你眼前长大
It shows kids growing up right before your eyes.
但不像以上这些镜头
But unlike every other shot on this list
生活中拍不出这些镜头
it’s actually physically impossible.
这不是写实镜头 而是种象征
This isn’t a literal shot, it’s figurative.
只有通过电影的魔力才能实现
It’s really only possible through the magic of movies
特别是在这个动画中
and specifically in this case animation.
“啊!”
“Ahh!”
它在时间和空间中来回移动
It moves back and forth through time and space
讲述了这些孩子成长的故事
and all it does is tell the story these kids growing up.
所以即使你像我一样
So even if you’re like me
不知道如何使用横向位移镜头
and you don’t really understand how to use a lateral tracking shot,
看到别人恰如其分的运用也会觉得很棒
it’s great to see that someone out there clearly does get it.
并且用一点实际行动
And is pushing forward the visual grammar
推动了视觉语法的发展
in some small concrete way.
顺便说一下
By the way,
这部电影其他部分也很温馨很漂亮
the rest of this film is really lovely and beautiful
最后结局可能会让你落泪
and will probably make you cry at the end,
而且会看完后马上给妈妈打电话
and call your mom right afterwards.
所以去看看吧
So go watch it!
母亲节快乐!
Happy Mother’s Day.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

通过对一些电影里的横向位移镜头来讲解其运用

听录译者

短尾龙

翻译译者

苏家Dier

审核员

审核员_BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pdSKot0psNg

相关推荐