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关于莎士比亚的五个问题 – 译学馆
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关于莎士比亚的五个问题

William Shakespeare Explained In 5 Questions

5个问题 带你了解威廉·莎士比亚
The name William Shakespeare is synonymous with great literature.
威廉·莎士比亚这个名字就是伟大文学的同名词
But it also belongs to a person who had a life
但它也属于一个在其著作之外
outside his famous works.
活生生的人
Did Shakespeare have a family?
莎士比亚组建过家庭吗?
In 1582, Shakespeare was married to Anne Hathaway–
1582年 莎士比亚与安妮·海瑟薇结婚
not that one– the daughter of a local landowner who
不是那个美国女影星 而是当地的一个地主的女儿
was eight years senior to the 18-year-old bard.
她比这个18岁的吟游诗人大8岁
They were married just six months before the birth
在他们第一个孩子苏珊娜出生时
of their first child, Susanna.
他们才结婚六个月
This scandalous timing, among other evidence, has suggested to some historians
在一些历史学家看来 这一令人震惊的时机选择以及其他一些证据表明
that their marriage was provoked by the pregnancy,
他们是奉子成婚的
not a passion fit for Shakespeare’s own work.
而不是因为她对莎士比亚的作品的热爱
Nevertheless, the couple had two more children, twins Hamnet and Judith.
不过之后他们又有了两个孩子 双胞胎哈姆内特和朱迪思
Sadly, Hamnet died at the age of 11 in 1596.
不幸的是哈姆内特在1596年去世 享年11岁
Whether this tragedy had an impact
而这个悲剧对莎士比亚最著名的悲剧作品
on Shakespeare’s most famous tragic work,
《哈姆雷特》是否有影响
Hamlet, has been a matter of much debate.
一直备受争议
Shakespeare is most famous for his work as a playwright,
作为一个剧作家 莎士比亚以他的作品而闻名
having crafted more timeless classics
他创作了更多永恒的经典文学
than we have time to name drop in this video.
我们在这个视频中也有提到一些
But he also wrote three whole plays about Henry VI
除此之外他也写了三个完整的关于亨利六世的戏剧
that you probably weren’t assigned in high school.
这可能是你中学不会被指定要学习的
How many plays did he write in all?
那他总共写了多少戏剧呢?
Believe it or not, historians aren’t totally sure how many plays Shakespeare wrote.
信不信由你 历史学家们都不是很确定莎士比亚写过多少戏剧
Scholarly consensus usually attributes 37 plays to him,
通常学术界一致认为有37部戏剧是他的作品
but he’s believed to have worked on more with other writers.
但据悉 他曾与其他作家合作过更多作品
And some of his work may be lost to history.
而其中部分作品可能被历史所淹没
Though Shakespeare is best known as a playwright, he wrote even more poems.
虽然莎士比亚以剧作家闻名 但他写过更多诗
In fact, some of his most famous tunes of phrase
事实上 他最著名的一些短语韵调
come from his sonnets.
都来自他的十四行诗
Just how many sonnets did he write?
那只是十四行诗的话 他又写了多少?
In fact, Shakespeare wrote dozens of them, 154 in all.
事实上 莎士比亚写过相当多 总计154首
Some of us would have quit after nailing it with”Sonnet 18,” which begins
有些人可能写了开头是“我能否把你比作一个夏日”的十四行诗第18首就放弃了
“Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day.” But Shakespeare kept writing.
但是莎士比亚坚持写着
By”Sonnet 130,” he decided”my mistress’ eyes are nothing like the sun.”
在十四行诗第130首 他写到“我情妇的眼睛一点也不像太阳”
So maybe poetry had lost a little of its romance for him by then.
所以那时对他来说 诗歌可能已经失去了一点浪漫色彩
Though Shakespeare has been called the immortal bard,
尽管莎士比亚已经被称作不朽的吟游诗人
the man himself was as mortal as any other.
但他自己还是和任何人一样 是凡人
But what grim fate deprived the world of such a talent?
但是怎样的悲惨命运夺走了世界上这样一个天才?
How did Shakespeare die?
莎士比亚是怎么去世的呢?
That answer, unfortunately, is a mystery.
不幸的是 答案是一个谜
The only hint we have is a journal entry written
我们所有的唯一线索是
by the vicar of a local church.
当地教堂的一位牧师写的一本日记账分录
He claimed that Shakespeare, Drayton,
他声称 莎士比亚 德雷顿
and Ben Jonson had a merry meeting,
和本·琼生有过一次愉快的会面
and it seems drank too hard.
而且好像喝得太厉害了
For Shakespeare died of a fever very contracted.
又因为莎士比亚是死于感染的发烧
Some scholars have suggested this is evidence Shakespeare died of typhus.
所以一些学者认为这是他死于斑疹伤寒症的证据
But as the journal entry was written some 50 years later
但因为这本日记账分录大概是50年后写的
and no one has been able to verify it,
而没有人能够核实它
we may never know the truth.
我们可能永远不会知道真相
Some 400 years after his death,
在他去世大概400年后
Shakespeare is still required reading in high school English classes.
莎士比亚的作品仍是中学英语课的必读内容
What is it about the bard that makes his work relevant today?
是什么使这位吟游诗人的作品在今天仍有意义?
He may have lived nearly half a millennium ago,
他可能生活在大概五百多年前
but Shakespeare’s plays dealt with topics
但是他的戏剧所涉及的话题
that we still struggle with today.
是我们至今仍在尝试弄懂的
Themes like family, war, bigotry, morality, and falling in love
像是家庭 战争 盲从 道德 超越时间的爱情
transcend time and even language.
甚至是语言 之类的主题
His characters have an emotional reality that resonates
他笔下的人物所有的现实情感
in translations and adaptations across the world.
与世界各地的翻译和改编都产生着共鸣

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视频通过五个问题介绍了莎士比亚

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3RJzFqja3I

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