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BBC语法秀#17:will – 译学馆
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BBC语法秀#17:will

Will: The Grammar Gameshow Episode 17

大家好 欢迎来到语法秀
Hello and welcome to today’s Grammar Gameshow!
我是主持人 Will
I’m your host, Will!
Will会让你赢吗?
Will Will be willing to let you win?
最后都会揭晓的
All will be revealed.
当然 别忘了莱斯利
And of course let’s not forget Leslie,
天空中无所不知的声音
our all-knowing voice in the sky.
大家好
Hello everyone!
今晚 我们要问你关于 Will 的三个问题
Tonight we’re going to ask you three questions about… Will!
这个小小的情态动词 可有很多作用
That little modal verb that does so much!
今天是我生日 想哭就哭
It’s my birthday and I’ll cry if I want to!
来认识我们的竞赛选手吧
Now let’s meet our contestants!
大家好 我是詹姆斯
Hello all. I’m James.
还有我们的二号选手
And contestant number two
很高兴见到你们 我是弗兰克
It’s nice to meet you. I’m Frank.
詹姆斯 和弗兰克
James and Frank?
哦 亲爱的们 今天是我生日 我说了算
Oh dear. It’s my birthday and what I say goes!
反正权利比平时大
Well… more than usual anyway!
那么现在 你叫威廉 还有你 可以叫
So now you’re William, and you can be
维尔弗莱德
Wilfred!
嘿 你不能这样
Hey! You can’t do that!
我喜欢别人叫我詹姆斯
I love being called James!
安静 威廉
Quiet, William!
你老让我想起我叔叔威尔伯特
You know, you remind me a lot of my uncle Wilbert.
为什么?他也勇于维护自己吗?
Why? Did he stand up for himself too?
哦 没有
Oh no.
他神秘地消失了
He mysteriously disappeared!
你呢?维尔弗莱德?
How about you, Wilfred?
有什么问题吗?
Any problems?
没有
Not here!
很好
Good!
既然都准备好了 就来看第一个问题
Now that we’re all ready, let’s have our first question.
就像我一样 will这个情态动词
Like myself, the modal verb ‘ will
是一个很有用的词
’ is a useful thing to have around.
看一下这些句子 告诉我
Have a look at these sentences and tell
每一句中will的用法
me what each use of ‘ will ’ is.
谁想先来?
Who wants to go first?
我要先来
I will!
不 我要先来
No, I will!
不 我要先来
No, I will!

No…
我要先来
I will!
兄弟们 兄弟们 兄弟们
Guys, guys, guys!
你们都搞错了
You’ve got it all wrong!
我 威尔
I Will.
你 威廉
You William.
你 维尔弗莱德
You Wilfred!
但如果你们决定不了 我们就用抢答器
But if you can’t decide, we’ll use the buzzers.
我们开始吧
Here we go.
明天会下雨
It will rain tomorrow.
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
这个will是表示将来预见的助动词
That’s ‘will’ as a future auxiliary verb for a prediction.
正确
Correct!
请给我来杯橙汁
I’ll have orange juice please.
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
这个will用于表示
That’s ‘will’ used for a decision
说话时所做出的决定
made at the moment of speaking.
正确
Correct!
谢谢你的帮助 我周五就把钱还给你
Thanks for your help. I’ll pay you back on Friday.
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
这个will用来表示承诺
That’s ‘will’ used for a promise.
正确
Correct!
你饿不饿?
Are you hungry?
我给你做个三明治
I’ll make you a sandwich.
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
这个will表示提议做某事
That’s ‘will’ used as an offer to do something.
正确
Correct!
你这样做的话我就宰了你!
I’ll kill you for this!
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
这个will用来表示威胁
That’s ‘will’ used for a threat.
正确
Correct!
莱斯利?
Leslie?
做得非常好
Well done.
will 是一个情态动词
‘Will’ is a modal auxiliary verb,
意思是它后面永远都要跟着一个动词原形
which means it’s always followed by a bare infinitive
而且不随着人称和时间的改变而改变
and doesn’t change to show person or time.
它有很多用法 包括
It has many uses including
将来的预测 将来的打算
future predictions, future intentions,
即刻的决定 承诺
instant decisions, promises,
威胁 和提供帮助的提议 及其他
threats and offers to help, among others.
二位回答得都很好
Good job both of you.
有四十 七 十 六分
Have forty-seven -ty-six points.
进入第二轮
On to round two.
对错题:与一般现在时的用法一样
True or false: In the same way as the present simple,
will可以用来形容
‘will’ can be used to describe
现在的习惯和常规
present habits and routines.
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
正确
True!
这是正确的
It is true!
你能给我举个例子吗?
Can you give me an example?
我听说参加了这个秀的人常常回不了家
I ’ve heard that people will often not come home from this show.
如果什么人一定要失踪的话
And if anyone ’s going to disappear,
我宁愿詹姆斯失踪
I would much rather it be James.
啊哈 啊 威廉
Ah..uh…William!
当然 当然
Of course! Of course!
莱斯利?
Leslie?
做得好 维尔弗莱德
Well done, Wilfred!
will可以用来形容现在的习惯
‘Will’ can be used to describe present habits
和典型的行为
and typical behaviour,
就像一般现在时
just like the present simple.
我要宰了你
I’ll kill you for that!
用will表示威胁 你这句话用得恰到好处
Excellent use of ‘will’ for a threat,
但是在我生日 说阴暗话题
but minus ten points for going to the dark side
扣十分
on my birthday…
和我叔叔威尔伯一样
just like Uncle Wilber!
他刚开始内心也是有点
He was a bit of a wet blanket too…
黑暗
at first.
维尔弗莱德 获十二分
Wilfred, twelve points for you.
那么 我们最后的问题
Our final question, then.
在某些用法方面 shall可以用来
In some ways ‘ shall ’ can be used
替代will
as a substitute for ‘ will ’,
但这种情况是有限定条件的
but there are a few rules about its use.
说出三个即可
Give me three of them.
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
shall 只和 I 和 we 连用
We only really use ‘shall’ with ‘I’ and ‘we’.
正确
Correct!
那是其中一条了
That’s one.
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
可以在提建议 询问某人的意见的时候
You can use ‘shall’ to
使用shall
ask someone’s opinion when making an offer.
比如:我可以把窗户打开吗?
For example: Shall I open the window?
非常好 还有一个
Well done. One more.
[鸣笛]
[buzz]
对带有shall we的问题 相应的回复应该是
The response to a question with ‘shall we’ is
是“let’s” 还是 “let’s not”
‘let’s’ or ‘let’s not’.
莱斯利?
Leslie?
答得很好
Good stuff.
shall可以用来寻求忠告
‘Shall’ can be used to ask for advice
做出建议和提议
and make suggestions and offers.
但是 shall通常只
However, ‘shall’ is usually only used
与 I 或者 we连用
with the pronouns ‘ I ’ or ‘ we ’.
用shall we提出建议的句子 通常的回应
A common response to a suggestion with ‘shall we’
就是 let’s
is ‘let’s’.
shall 有点正式 而且有些过时了
‘Shall’ is a little bit formal and a bit old-fashioned,
但它也有它的用途
but it has its place!
就像你一样 莱斯利
Just like you, Leslie!
永远要待在属于你的地方
Trapped for all eternity wherever you are!
好极了
Excellent.
威廉得三分
Three points to William.
这个环节结束了
And that brings us to the end of today’s
我们今天的语法秀也该结束了
Grammar Gameshow.
但是离开之前 先让我们玩一个派对游戏
But before we go… let’s play a party game!
毕竟是我生日嘛
It’s my birthday after all.
玩音乐讲台游戏
How about…
怎么样?
musical podiums?
我会放段音乐 你们俩交换位置
I’ll play some music and you two switch places.
音乐一停 我们就知道谁是获胜者了
When the music stops, we’ll know who the winner is!
你们准备好了吗?
Are you ready?
开始
Go!

Oh!
我忘了说站在哪个讲台的人算输了
I neglected to nominate which podium would lose.
噢 哦
Oh, well!
把海鸥放出来吧
Release the seagulls.
获胜者 是 我
And the winner is me!
噢 莱斯利 我赢的是什么呀?
Oh, Leslie, what do I win?
是一块生日蛋糕
It’s a birthday cake.
噢 莱斯利
Oh, Leslie!
我以为你忘了呢
I thought you’d forgotten.
你的确是个真正的朋友
You really are a true friend.
那你是不是该请我去你的生日趴呀?
Does that mean you’ll invite me to your party?
但那意味着我得把你
But that means I’ll have to let you
从空中的盒子里放出来
out of your box in the sky.
不过我已经邀请了你的家人
I’ve invited your family though!
说再见了 莱斯利
Say goodbye, Leslie.
再 见 莱斯利
An nyeong hee ge se yo, Leslie
我们下次见
See you next time.

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视频概述

情态动词will的用法

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

昵伊荙

审核员

审核员 DL

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRO9jRcF7Ek

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