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历史是否会终结?|8-bit哲学第一季 – 译学馆
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历史是否会终结?|8-bit哲学第一季

Will History END? – 8-Bit Philosophy

历史是否会终结?然而大部分人都认为
Is there an END to history? Whereas most generally think of
历史如同一份过去的档案哲学家黑格尔认为这是
history as a record of past events, Philosopher Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel considered it
一个走向完美的理性过程 不再犯错将“终结历史”
to be a rational process moving towards completion. Make no mistake- by “end of history,”
黑格尔并非在预言世界末日但在发觉他的用意时
Hegel wasn’t prophesizing the end of the world. But to discover what he did mean,
我们必须先问问自己“什么是历史?”
we must first ask ourselves “what is history?”
据黑格尔所述 “历史”是理性的进步
According to Hegel, “History,” is the progression of reason brought
它是由对抗和冲突所导致的
about largely by confrontation and conflict.
比方说 如果反叛者围攻城堡
For example, if a group of rebels seige a castle,
这会有两股对立势力––制度与挑战 通过战争
we have two opposing forces- the establishment and the challenger. Through this conflict,
对立的意识形态会相互碰撞产生新的制度
the opposing ideologies will collide and produce a new establishment.
如方才所言 观念最终会引起巨变而辩证过程屈服于
Like the one before it, this idea will eventually invite upheaval and the “dialectical process” yielding
高度的合理性 而且是长期的但这样的变化并非随机发生的
heightened rationality, will continue. But such changes don’t occur randomly.
黑格尔认为 人的本质––自由 推动着历史
To Hegel, history is pushed forward by freedom- mankind’s essential nature.
随着历史的进步 我们变得更加自觉 更加理性
As history progresses, we become more self-conscious, therefore more rational,
也因此更加自由 比方说作为战士获得了更多的经验值
and therefore, more free. For example, as a warrior gains more experience points,
就被授予更多技能 学到了更多技能
he is granted more skills. The more skills he gains, the more
在战斗中他就有更多选择 最终能随心所欲随着世纪交替 我们变得更加自由
choices he has has in combat, and thus, he is free-er. As the ages pass, we have become more free.
在东方文明时代
During the age of the Orient,
只有统治者是自由的 在古希腊有些人是自由的 而在黑格尔所在的时代
only the ruler was free. In Ancient Greece, some were free. And in Hegel’s time
即法国大革命后 人生而自由 所以如果自由是
following the French Revolution, it was thought that all should be free. So if freedom is the end
历史的终极目的 这将形成一个不再需要改变的完美国家––
goal of history, will there ever be a perfected state that invites no more change- An END
一个辩证法的终结? 在他的著作《精神现象学》中
to the dialectic? In his book The Phenomenology of Spirit,
黑格尔提出了“世界精神”的概念 即理性的形式
Hegel devised the concept of “World Spirit,” or the manifestation of reason
通过社会文化展现 包括哲学 宗教和艺术
exhibited through a society’s culture- including its philosophy, religion, and art.
最终的自由将发生在世界精神上
The ULTIMATE freedom will occur when the World Spirit,
或说是文化的集体意识 最终完全理性化
or collective consciousness of a culture, becomes entirely rational.
只有这样才能建立一个统一的社会
Only then can a unified society be
在这个社会里 法律和制度不允许有任何变化因为它们是
established in which its laws and institutions will invite no more change- because they are
与文化的完美和谐的 由此推知辩证的历史过程将被终结
in perfect harmony with their culture. And thus, the dialectical process of history will end.
黑格尔的历史哲学
Hegel’s philosophy of history
激励了一些十九世纪的至要的思想家包括一位年轻的
inspired some of the most important thinkers of the nineteenth century- including one young
诗人 那个会成为影响世界的人物之一的诗人
poet who would one day become one of the world’s most influential figures.

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视频概述

历史是社会的尺度,是理性的进步。当其完成了使命之后,便会被终结。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

逸生

审核员

审核团MG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=w6V_YKn8i9k

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