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跳舞是啪啪啪的前奏吗? – 译学馆
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跳舞是啪啪啪的前奏吗?

Will Dancing Get You Laid?

纵观历史文明,不论是滑步还是电臀舞都是舞蹈的惯例
Throughout history and across all cultures, whether it’s a tribal ritual
我们在舞蹈房或者房间的镜子前,用自己的方法展现这自己
the two-step or ‘twerking’ we all have a personal way of expressing ourselves on
我们表面上总是比别人好
the dance floor, or at home in front of the mirror. And well some of us are seemingly a
由此产生了一个问题
lot better than others, the question remains; are these expressions actually
这种以舞蹈的方式表达自己是个别行为还是人类基因中的一部分。
individual or part of an imbedded human code? Why are we so drawn to dance and
为什么我们用画一样的舞蹈去表达自己。这种方式真的能够在聚会上表达自己吗?更重要的是舞蹈本身
it it really equivalent to a human meeting call? More importantly does dancing
提高你做成某事的可能性
increase your potential to ‘get some’?
对观众来说,观看舞蹈能够带来和听很长时间音乐
From a viewers perspective dance can be pleasurable to watch for many of the
相同的原因是音乐使人听的时候心情愉快。但是科学界的传奇
same reasons music is enjoyable to listen to. But it was the science legend
查尔斯·达尔文第一次提出舞蹈可能是求偶仪式的一部分并关联到
Charles Darwin who first suggested that dance could be part of mating rituals and entangled
人类物种的生存和进化
with the evolution and survival of our species.
但如果他的说法是真的,舞蹈这项技能肯定会一定程度上联系于
But if this is true the ability to dance must somehow relate to the ability to
生存能力和繁殖能力
survive and reproduce,
所以它们有联系吗?
so does it?
结果是早期协调,匀称充满韵律感的人
It turns out that early humans who were co-ordinated, symmetrical and rhythmic
对一个伴侣来说会被看作是更能共同生存的对象,因为这些特征经常联系于
were seen as more viable to a mate because these traits were often linked to
生存。跑得快,对抗猎物并且最终活下来的能力
survival. The ability to run faster, defend against prey and ultimately survive.
跳舞刚好就是一个外在的表现和展示
And dancing just happens to be an outward manifestation and display of
这其中许多的品质。一个外在的方式来快速证明你的
many of these qualities. A quick external way of documenting and proving your
健康以便吸引伴侣。这个跳舞的愿望甚至可以看到在
fitness in order to attract to mate. This desire to dance can even be seen in
婴儿身上,她们五个月大时打拍子,事实上很多物种利用
babies as early as five months old bopping to a beat, in fact many species use
舞蹈或者是活动去使异性着迷
dance or movement to swoon the opposite sex.
从蜘蛛到各种鸟类
From spiders to a variety of birds
甚至是蜜蜂都利用舞蹈活动去传递整个信息
and even bees which use dance moves to communicate entire messages.
但为什么人类被迫要随着音乐起舞呢?很可能是有些东西联系着
But why are humans compelled to dance to music? It likely has something to do with
现实就是很多脑力奖励机制直接联系于
the fact that many of the brains reward systems are directly connected to
机动地带。例如说音乐激励小脑在
the motor areas. For example, music stimulates the cerebellum at the base of
脑力基础上包含在运动的时限及协调中
the brain which is involved in the timing and coordination of movement.
从长远的意义上说,跳舞被认为是展示自信和勇敢,
In a contemporary sense, dance is known to show confidence and fearlessness, and
有时候可能沉醉其中。但重要的是,和跳舞好
sometimes intoxication. But most importantly, movements associated with
联系在一起的运动能力表明了其本人的健康和潜在生育能力。
good dancing are indicative of good health and reproductive potential.
许多情况下,人类在夜店这样的环境下求偶
And in many cases, the human courtship ritual in our natural habitat of a
这与动物在大自然差不多
nightclub mirrors that of animals in the wild. This gives
这赋予“做一只在地板上舞蹈的动物” 这句话一种全新的含义
‘being an animal on the dance-floor’ a new meaning, except are liquid courage
除了喝下去的液体不是来自于当地的水池 讽刺的是 许多男性认为自己
doesn’t come from the local water hole. Ironically many men feel as though they
不会跳舞 或者跳舞不适合自己 但是动物界的雄性
can’t dance or that dancing isn’t for them. But in most animals the males must
只能靠这个来取悦雌性那么 什么是一支不错的舞蹈?科学家最近研究表明
impress the female. So what is a good dancing then? Scientists have actually studied
男性的舞蹈动作对女性最有吸引力 有趣的是
which male dance movements were most attractive to women. Interestingly, it was
扭动 弯曲 以及如液体般的移动 这些身体主要区域的动作
seen that twisting, bending and fluid movements of the core body region (like
(比如躯干 脖子 头部)形成了对女性正向吸引力的主要来源
the torso neck and head) garnered the most positive attention from women.
展示出变化 灵活 与创造力
Showing variability, flexibility and creativity
会被认为是好的舞蹈 相反的 重复的 死板的 颠簸的动作
was perceived as good dancing. On the other hand, repetitive rigid and twitchy
往往不够吸引力 有时者会被称作“老爸的舞蹈”
movements were not particularly attractive. Sometimes called ‘dad dancing’. And
的确 老爸要是跳舞 可能会更加慢一些 也更加死板一些 如果和他的
truthfully, your dad probably dances a little slower and more rigid than his
年轻的舞伴相比 因为 很简单 他没有那么年轻和有活力了
youthful counterpart because, simply put, he isn’t as youthful or fit anymore.
那么 无论你是在俱乐部 酒吧 还是在自己的卧室里 遵从和顺服自己的
So whether you’re in a club, a bar, you’re own living room, engage and embrace your
动物天性吧 如果有人问你这些动作从哪儿学的 就说是
animal instincts. And if you are asked where you got those moves, just say millions of years of
百万年的进化产生的舞蹈吧谁知道科学能这么时髦呢?
evolution have led to this dance baby. Who knew science could be so groovy?
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across all types of literature.
如果你想了解更多的关于进化的知识
If you would like to learn more about evolution, I recommend the book ‘The
我向你推荐Richard Dawkins的《地球上最伟大的表演》这本书 你可以免费下载这本有声书
Greatest Show on Earth’ by Richard Dawkins. You can download this audio book
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