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为什么在家工作对公司业绩有帮助 – 译学馆
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为什么在家工作对公司业绩有帮助

Why working from home is good for business | The Way We Work, a TED series

在办公室工作有个基本问题就是
The basic problemwith working in an office
你无法控制自己的工作环境
is you’re just not in controlof your work environment.
[我们如此工作]
[The Way We Work]
大家好 我是马特 Automattic公司的首席执行官
Howdy, my name is Matt,and I’m the CEO of Automattic,
本公司产品有WordPress.com Jetpack WooCommerce
the company behind WordPress.com,Jetpack and WooCommerce.
我们已经有了超过800名员工 而他们生活在各个地方
We’re coming up on over 800 employees,and they live everywhere,
从加州到阿拉巴马到密西西比 而我生活在德州
from California to Alabama, Mississippi,to where I live in Texas.
他们还生活在67个国家
They’re also in 67 countries.
加拿大 墨西哥 印度 新西兰
Canada, Mexico, India, New Zealand.
他们中的一些不仅会选择在家办公 甚至还会去“流浪”
Some of them choose not even to have a home base, they’re nomads.
不论是远程视频 还是通过爱彼迎到处旅游
Whether they are in RVsor traveling through Airbnbs,
他们每天 每周 每月都在不同的地方
they are in new placesevery day, week or month.
只要他们可以找到好的无线网络
As long as they can find good Wi-Fi,
我们不在乎他们在哪儿
we don’t care where they are.
我们这种分散的工作模式并非无意中出现的
Our focus on distributed workdidn’t happen accidentally.
而是从一开始就做出的有意为之的选择
It was a conscious choicefrom the very beginning.
注意我没有用“远程”这个词
Notice I don’t use the word”remote,”
因为这会造成一种预期
because it sets up the expectation,
即有些人是关键先生 而有些则不是
that some people are essential and some aren’t.
我用“分散”这个词来描述我们的工作
I use the word”distributed”to describe what we do,
这样每个人都在平等的工作环境中
where everyone ison an equal playing field.
我认为分散式工作是打造一个公司最有效的方式
I think a distributed workforce is the most effective way to build a company.
关键在于你要有意识的去打造它
The key is you have toapproach it consciously.
当我们创建WordPress时
When we started WordPress,
最初的20名员工 有很多是我从来没见过的
many of the first 20 hires were people I’d never met in person.
但是我们通过在线交流 有时候在线交流几年
But we’d collaborated online,sometimes for years.
我愿意继续下去的一个简单原因是
I wanted to continue thatfor one simple reason.
我相信才干和智慧 是在世界各地平均分布的
I believe that talent and intelligence are equally distributed throughout the world.
但是机遇却不然
But opportunity is not.
在硅谷 那些科技巨头公司
In Silicon Valley,the big tech companies fish
基本上是从同一个小池塘或海湾网罗人才
from essentiallythe same small pond or bay.
而分散型公司可以从整个海洋网罗人才
A distributed companycan fish from the entire ocean.
不需要去雇佣那些在日本长大
Instead of hiring someone who grew up
但生活在加州的员工
in Japan but lives in California,
你可以雇那些无论在什么地方
you can gain someone who lives, works,
生活 工作 起床和睡觉的员工
wakes up and goes to sleep wherever they are in the world.
他们带来了不同的文化理念
They bring a differentunderstanding of that culture
以及不同的生活经历
and a different lived experience.
在决定分散式工作之初
At the base of the decisionto go distributed,
就是希望给予人们自己工作方式的自治权
there’s a desire to give people autonomy over how they do their work.
只要不是处在需要特殊工作时间的岗位
Unless you’re in a rolewhere specific hours are important,
你都可以有自己的时间表
you can make your own schedule.
每个人都可以有大办公室 有窗户
Everyone can have a corner office, their windows,
有自己想吃的东西
the food they want to eat,
你可以选择什么时候放音乐 什么时候安静
you can choose when there’s musicand when there’s silence.
你可以选择房间的温度是多少
You can choose what temperaturethe room should be.
你可以省下花在交通上的时间
You can save the timeyou’d spend commuting
花在对你重要的事情上
and put it into thingsthat are important to you.
分散式工作对于科技公司是理想型的方式
A distributed workforceis ideal for a technology company.
但是人们常常问我
But people often ask me,
“这种方式对你们来说很棒 但是对其他人呢?”
“This works great for y’all,but what about everyone else?”
如果你有一间办公室
If you already have an office,
你可以做一些建立分散模式的工作
there’re a few things you can do to build distributed capability.
第一:所有东西都归档
First: document everything.
在办公室 在当场或是大厅 或在厨房
In an office, it’s easyto make decisions in the moment,
做决定很容易
in the kitchen, in the hall.
但如果人们是远程工作的
But if people work remotely and some members
团队的一些成员
of the team are having those conversations
正在进行他们无法接触的对话
they don’t have access to,
他们就不明白为什么要做出这样的决定
they’ll see these decisions being made without understanding the why.
无论你进行到哪步 你在想什么 一定要留痕
Always leave a trail of where you were and what you were thinking about.
这样可以让其他人跟上你的步伐
This allows others to pick upwhere you left off.
可以让不同时区的人互动
It allows people in differenttime zones to interact,
把它看作组织发展的方法也很好
it’s also great to think aboutas an organization evolves,
员工离职 新员工加入
people leaving and people joining.
尽管是同时进行的
Although on the same time,
试着尽量在网上有充分的沟通
Try to have as much communicationas possible online.
当所有事情都分享和公开 新人就能很快跟上
When everything’s shared and public, it allows new people to catch up quickly.
你还需要找到对的工具
You also need to find the right tools.
有很多的应用软件和服务
There are so many apps and
可以帮助人们进行每日交流
services that help with day-to-day communication,
视频会议和项目管理
video conferencing, project management.
那些改变你工作方式的东西已经不仅是工具
The things that changed how you workprobably aren’t objects anymore.
它们是你从电脑中获得的钥匙
They’re things you accessthrough your computer.
所以去实验可以加强合作的不同工具
So experiment with differenttools that enable collaboration,
看看什么管用
see what works.
创造卓有成效的 面对面时间
Create productive, face-to-face time.
在一间传统办公室
In a traditional office,
你一年48周都在同一个地方
you’re in the same place 48 weeks out of the year
你也许只有3到4周可以休假
and you might havethree or four weeks apart.
我们试着做到:聚在一起达到短暂而强烈的碰撞
We try to flip that: we come together for short, intense bursts.
一年中有一个礼拜
Once a year we do a grand meet-up
整个公司会隆重的碰面
where the entire company comes together for a week.
这一周一半是工作 一半是放松
It’s half-work, half-play.
主要的目的是让人们互相沟通联系
The primary goal is connecting people.
我们希望所有人都拧成一股绳 目标一致
We want to make sure everyone’s aligned and on the same page,
他们和同事能有更深入的联系
and they have a deeper connectionwith their colleagues.
当他们在接下来的一年一起工作时
When they work togetherthe rest of the year,
可以带着这份理解和共情一起奋斗
they can bring togetherthat understanding and empathy.
最后一点:
And the final practice:
给人们创造自己工作环境的弹性
give people the flexibility to make their own work environment.
在Automattic公司 每个人都有公共办公津贴
Every person at Automattichas a co-working stipend
他们可以花在公共的工作空间
that they can puttowards a co-working space
或只是买咖啡
or just to buy coffee,
这样他们就不会被人从咖啡店踢出去
so they don’t get kicked out of the coffee shop.
西雅图的一个小组 决定把他们的津贴集中起来
One group in Seattledecided to pool their stipends together
然后在一个钓鱼码头 租下了一个工作场地
and rented a workspace on a fishing pier.
公司里的每个人都有家庭办公津贴
Each person who joins the companygets a home-office stipend.
他们可以把这笔钱投资在 好的椅子 显示器
This is money they can invest in getting the right chair, monitor,
合适的办公设备上
the right desk setup,
这样他们就可以有自己最高效的工作环境了
so they can have the most productive environment for them. Today,
现在只有少数公司实行分散至上的工作模式
there are just a few companiesthat are distributed first.
十年或二十年内
In a decade or two,
我估计有90%
I predict that 90 percent of companies
将改变世界的公司
that are going to be changingthe course of the world
会选择这种工作模式
are going to function this way.
他们会发展成分散至上的模式
They will evolve to be distributed first,
或被这样做的公司取代
or they’ll be replaced by those that are.
当你思考接下来要建造什么时
As you think aboutwhat you’re going to build next,
想想怎么利用全球的技能
consider how you can tapinto global talent,
给员工自治权 让他们决定该在哪儿生活和工作
give people autonomy to live and work where they feel they should
他们仍可以全身心参与到你正在创造的事业当中
and still participate fully in whatever it is that you’re creating together.

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视频概述

谈谈分散式工作的好处 以及建立分散式工作模式的方法

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

果子

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=x6fIseKzzH0

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