When Galileo trained his homemade telescope on the night sky, it transformed from a black
pool populated by a few thousand stars into a sparkling sea filled with ten times the
今天 在更大更好地望远镜的帮助下 我们知道我们的银河系
And today, with the help of bigger and better telescopes, we know that our home galaxy – the
Milky Way – is an ocean of as many as 400 billion stars.
However, telescopes can’t help us peer into the watery oceans here on Earth, so to count
their inhabitants, we’ve used fish trawls to drag them up into the light – and then
– more often than not – onto our plates.
But now we don’t have to fish fish in order to count fish.
2010年 西班牙研究员航行世界 用一个超高能量的声呐
In 2010, Spanish researchers sailed around the world with an ultra high-powered SONAR,
shooting sound waves into the depths and using the reflected signals to spot inhabitants.
While previous net counts had given us a global estimate of about 300 trillion fish, the fish-o-scope
method revealed that our oceans are home to roughly ten times that number.
One reason previous counts were so much lower seems to be that fish actively hide from approaching
In one study, scientists took a SONAR scan while dragging an open net through the water
behind them, and check this out: so many fish got out of the way that their relative absence
highlights the whole path of the trawl.
We don’t know exactly how they manage to avoid the nets, but deep-ocean dwellers like
the fangtooth, lantern fish, and stoplight loosejaw, all of which were especially undercounted
by fish trawls, may take warning cues from their neighbors flashing bioluminescent spots.
另一种深海鱼 手指大小的圆罩鱼 看来是这个行星上
Another deep water fish, the finger-sized bristlemouth, turns out to be the most populous
vertebrate on our planet.
There are an estimated quadrillion bristlemouths swimming the world’s oceans.
That’s a few thousand fish for every star in the Milky Way.
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