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死前看见的那道白光是怎么回事? – 译学馆
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死前看见的那道白光是怎么回事?

Why We See The White Light Near Death

除了在鬼门关走一遭
There are probably few experiences you could have
这世上可能很少有能迷惑你的大脑的事了
that would confuse your brain more than almost dying.
大家好 我是Dnews的拉奇格林
Hey friends, Laci Green here for DNews.
世界上那些有过或认为自己有过濒死经历的人
“Near death experiences” have been describedby people across the world
都描述过他们的濒死体验
who came, or thought they were coming within an inch of their life.
神奇的是 无论你是谁 来自何方
What’s totally crazy is that no matter who you are,
每个人描述的濒死体验 都相差无几
where you come from, everyone describes it very similarly.
一开始 他们会感觉身体被一股暖流包裹
It starts with a warmth spreadingthroughout their body,
感觉无比平静安宁
absolute serenity and calm,
有人甚至称这种感觉为涅槃
some might even call it nirvana.
然后 忽然射来一道白光
Then comes a bright light and a feeling
还有一种灵魂出窍般的 轻飘飘的感觉
of being detached from the body, as if you were floating.
由于科技的发展
The number of people who have
越来越多的人被从鬼门关拉回来
a near death experiences is on the rise, thanks to technologies
从而体验到了濒死的感觉
that can save people at the last moment. Naturally,
那就产生了一个棘手的问题:
there’s a burning question:
濒死体验到底是什么?
WHAT DOES IT ALL MEAN!??
这个问题很复杂而且很情感化
This is a complicated and emotionally chargedquestion.
一些人认为濒死体验证明有来生
For some, the near death experience is proofof the afterlife.
还有人认为这只是神经系统的奇妙把戏
For others, it’s a fascinating neurological question.
下面让我们用科学的眼光来看看吧
Let’s take a look at this phenomenon througha scientific lens.
肯塔基大学曾做过一项
One of the most highly regarded studies on NDEs
有关濒死体验的研究
comes from the University of Kentucky.
他们发现有些所谓的濒死体验
They found that some Near Death Experiences may actually be
可能只是“快速眼动期入侵”
something called REM intrusion.
快速眼动入侵发生时 大脑比身体先清醒
During REM intrusion, the mind awakes before the body,
人就可能会产生幻觉
which can trigger hallucinations.
有点像做梦 清醒的时候做的梦
It’s sort of like dreaming – while you’reawake, kind of.
我在一个讲睡眠瘫痪症的视频里提到过这个现象
I covered this phenomenon in my video about sleep paralysis,
那个话题也很猎奇
If you’re interested you should definitely check that out
如果你有兴趣的话一定要去看看
cause it’s some freaky stuff.
由于快速眼动入侵发生在脑干
Because REM intrusion happens in the brainstem,
所以即使你大脑的高级机能已经停止了
it’s possible for this to occur even when
这个现象也可能会发生
higher functioning parts of the brain have gone dead.
根据该研究
Building on this research,
受到损伤时大脑会极力求生
trauma to the brain can result in a sensory mix-up.
就可能会导致感官混乱
As your brain struggles to stay alive,
这种混乱会造成大脑视觉皮层 的信息过载
all of that chaos resulting in an information overloading in visual cortex.
大家熟知的白光 黑暗隧道就是这么产生的
This is known to produce visions of a bright light or a dark tunnel.
大脑还会释放出大量内啡肽
The brain also releases a flood of happy endorphins
让你处于一种内心非常平静安宁的状态
which put you in a profound state of peace and calm.
而且 由于你对身体周边环境的感知
And because your brain is responsible for
也是由大脑所控制的
for orienting your body relative to everything around you,
因此 大脑受损和缺氧
trauma and oxygen deprivation can cause
就可能使人产生灵魂出窍的感觉
a sort of out of body experience.
这种现象也能
This has been observed in lots of people
在很多并未濒死的人身上观察到
who aren’t having a near death experience as well.
最后 《美国国家科学院院刊》上
Lastly, a new study has been published by the
发表了一篇关于濒死体验的新研究
by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences on NDEs.
他们在老鼠上做实验
The study was done on rats and they found that
发现心搏停止后 神经活动有一个大高峰
after cardiac arrest, there is a crazy spike in neural activity.
研究的主要作者说
The lead author says that”if anything,
区别在于 大脑在濒死的时候
the brain is much more active
比平常清醒的时候活跃得多
during the dying process than even the waking state.”
死亡降临时 神经元们都超速工作
Essentially, the neurons go into overdrive as death sets in,
导致大脑进入了一种特定的混乱状态
causing the brain to go haywire in a predictable way.
感到暖意 看到白光 感觉轻飘飘 等等
cue warmth, bright light, floating, etc.
由于大脑在死前想要散尽所有的余热
We perceive this experience with profound intensity
这种体验对我们来说 就无比刻骨铭心
as our brain takes a last hurrah before death.
我说不出这种感觉是美好 可怕 压抑 还是什么
I can’t decide if this is beautiful or terrifying or depressing or what.
请在视频下方评论
So you just let me know your thoughts about near death experiences
或者在脸书上告诉我们你关于濒死体验的看法
down below or on our facebook page.
让我们下期DNews再见!
And I’ll see you next time here on DNews!

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视频概述

简介濒死体验是怎么一回事,人为什么死前会看到白光等等现象的科学解释

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7AHpqstcDEk

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