ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

为什么黄蜂和蜜蜂一样神奇? – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

为什么黄蜂和蜜蜂一样神奇?

Why wasps are just as wonderful as bees | BBC Ideas

Wasps… They’re pretty annoying.
黄蜂…它们十分烦人
But what would happen if all the wasps in the world just disappeared?
可如果世上的黄蜂都消失了会怎样?
黄蜂消失了会怎样?
Well, before you start celebrating,
在你开始庆祝之前
let’s have a little look at some of the lesser-known wonders of wasps.
让我们看一些黄蜂鲜为人知的奇观
If there are no wasps, it’s not just the insect that would be lost,
如果黄蜂消失 不只是一种昆虫的灭绝
but a complex society with some surprising similarities to our own.
更是一个与我们有几分惊人相似的复杂社会的消失
All wasps have a role to fulfil –
所有黄蜂都有属于自己的角色
be it as a queen,
也许是蜂后
or the wasp equivalent of a caretaker,
或是看护人
a guard, or even a nanny.
是卫兵 甚至是保姆
They’re also a lot smarter than we give them credit for.
它们同样比我们所认为的更聪明
Some wasps can recognise each other’s faces,
有些黄蜂可以认出彼此的脸
so they know where they are in the hierarchy,
所以它们知道自己在等级中的位置
and if they’re friend or foe.
辨别对方是朋友还是敌人
And they can be trained to detect explosives and illegal drugs.
它们也能通过训练探测炸药和非法毒品
Wasps are a key predator,
黄蜂是关键的捕食者
and the loss of any predator would have a huge knock-on effect
任何捕食者的消失都会对生态系统
on the ecosystem.
造成巨大的冲击
This is because wasps protect plant life, crops, and other creatures
这是因为黄蜂保护了植物 农作物和其它生物
from spiders, millipedes, flies, caterpillars
使其免受蜘蛛 千足虫 苍蝇 毛虫
aphids, and much more.
蚜虫和其它虫害侵袭
In fact, they catch around 14 million kilograms worth of insects
实际上 仅在英国 它们每年就能捕获
every year in the UK alone,
1400万公斤的昆虫
most of which they take home to feed their young.
其中大多数被带回家喂养幼虫
So without wasps, you’d see many plants left unprotected,
因此如若没有黄蜂 许多植物将失去保护
and a big rise in the number of uninvited creatures in your home.
你的家里不请自来的生物数量也会骤增
The bee population has gone down significantly over the past 30 years
近30年 由于农药 土地利用和气候的变化
because of pesticides, changes in land use, and climate change.
使蜜蜂的数量明显减少
Wasps face a similar threat –
黄蜂面临着类似的威胁
they just don’t capture the public imagination in the same way.
它们只是没有以同样的方式引起公众的想象
Studies show people associate bees with more positive, cuddly imagery –
研究表明人们将蜜蜂与更积极更让人喜爱的意象结合
like honey, flowers, and pollen.
比如蜂蜜 花朵和花粉
While wasps evoke more negative terms
而黄蜂则会产生更多负面词汇
like stinging, pain, and rage.
比如刺痛 疼痛和愤怒
But this is unfair because wasps perform many of the same functions as bees
但是这不公平 因为黄蜂的许多功能和蜜蜂类似
and wasps are crucial pollinators too.
且黄蜂也是重要的授粉者
In fact, if wasps didn’t exist,
事实上 如果黄蜂不存在
we’d lose over 100 different types of orchids and figs too.
我们还将失去一百多种不同的兰花和无花果
That might not sound like a big deal,
这可能听起来没什么大不了
but every species of fig relies on
但不同种类的无花果依赖
its own species of pollinating fig wasp for fertilisation.
不同种类的黄蜂给自己授粉受精
In turn, more than 1,000 tropical birds and mammals
其后 一千多种热带鸟类和哺乳动物
depend on figs and therefore wasps – to survive.
依靠无花果 也就是依靠黄蜂生存
There are thousands of species of wasps out there,
世上有成千上万种黄蜂
most of which go about their business quietly.
它们大多数在默默地工作着
And only 1% of these are the type that buzz around your picnic.
而仅有1%的黄蜂是在你野餐时嗡嗡作响
The most off-putting feature of the wasp is its ability to sting,
黄蜂最令人讨厌的能力是蜇人
but that sting has some interesting features.
但这种蛰伤有些有趣的特征
It contains a toxin,
它含一种毒素
which lab studies suggest could have anti-cancer properties.
实验证实这种毒素可能具有抗癌特性
So wasps have a lot to offer.
所以黄蜂的存在益处多多
By the time they’re out and after your ice cream,
当它们出来跟在你冰淇淋的后面时
they’re in the last throes of their life,
它们已到了生命的最后阶段
which is only two weeks to a month long.
仅剩两周到一个月的时间了
Because when the queen has no more need for them they have to leave –
因为当蜂后不再需要它们 它们就得离开
confused, jobless, homeless, and desperate for a sugar fix.
迷茫 失业 无家可归并渴望补充糖分
So let’s give the wasps a break.
所以放过黄蜂吧
After all, without them we’d have more pests,
毕竟少了它们 害虫会增多
less biodiversity,
生物多样性会减少
and more global food insecurity.
全球食物安全问题会增多
So as much as it’s our instinct to panic
尽管每当我们看到它们时
and flap our arms whenever we see them, don’t.
会本能地惊慌失措 挥舞双臂 但不要这么做
Stop and watch them
停下来观察它们
and see just how amazing these disliked,
看看这些不受欢迎 被严重低估的昆虫
and wildly under-appreciated insects actually are.
实际上是多么令人惊叹
Thanks for watching.
感谢观看
Don’t forget to subscribe and click the bell to receive notifications for new videos.
别忘了订阅并点击提醒以接收新视频通知
See you again soon!
下次见!

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

本视频讲述了黄蜂的鲜为人知的“真实模样”,它们和蜜蜂一样可爱。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

绿叶

审核员

审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IMGrrFp8Ujo

相关推荐