ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

美国鸡蛋在欧洲禁止销售? – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

美国鸡蛋在欧洲禁止销售?

Why US Produced Eggs Are Banned Across Europe

In the United States,
在美国
the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) lays regulations for
美国农业部颁布了关于
how food products should be produced and processed
如何对食物进行生产和加工
to ensure food safety
以确保食品安全的法令
The United States Food And Drug Administration or the FDA
美国食品药品监督管理局 简称为FDA
on the other hand
在另一方面
determines the best food consumption practices
也制订了最优化的食物消费惯例
to minimize health problem
最大程度减少健康问题
Ironically, they also determine
讽刺的是 他们还限定了花生酱中
how much rat hair should be allowed in peanut butter
允许出现多少老鼠的毛发
rat feces in your spice
调味酱中有多少老鼠排泄物
and cigarette butt in your sandwich
和三明治中允许出现多少烟头
Unless you find more than 30 insects fragments or 1 rodent hair
除非你可以在每100G花生酱中找到
per 100g of peanut butter
超30段虫碎或1根老鼠毛
9 mg of rodent poop per kg of wheat
每一千克小麦中找到超过9毫克老鼠粪便
75 mites per 100g of dried mushrooms
每一百克干蘑菇中超过75只螨虫
1 maggot per 100g of tomato juice
每100克番茄汁中超过一只蛆
and 13 insects head every 100 grams of fig paste
以及每百克无花果酱中超13个昆虫的头
The FDA expects you comprised with this situation because
FDA期望你和这种情况妥协 因为
Well no food practice is perfect humans make mistakes
毕竟食物的生产不可能完美 人总会犯错
restricting food laws will increase food prices and
限制食物的法律会提高食物的价格
bugs aren’t that gross
而且虫子并不那么恶心
Some of them are quite healthy.
部分虫子是很健康的
At the same time,
与此同时
The USDA has laid guidelines
美国农业部制定了
for how commercial eggs should be produced processed and stored
关于商业化鸡蛋该怎样去加工生产和储存
to make sure eggs remain safe for public consumption.
以确保公众消费鸡蛋安全性 的指导方针
The UK has their own regulations
英国自成体系
But their regulations are quite opposite to those in the US
但是它们的管理条例与美国相对立
making it illegal for eggs produced in the UK to be sold in the US
造成了英国生产的鸡蛋在美国销售以及
and those produced in the US to be sold in the UK
美国生产的鸡蛋在英国销售是非法的
But if the guidelines in both cases
但如果两种国情下的法令
are made for safety
都是为了食品安全
and in the public interest
并基于公众利益
why are they so contrasting to one and another
为什么它们会有这么大的差异呢
Which of them is the right practice?
哪一个才正确呢
Or both of them are equally good?
或者这两种都是一样好吗
In the case of American eggs,
对于美国的鸡蛋
The USDA requires its egg farms
美国农业部要求
to probably wash and sanitize their eggs
生产鸡蛋的农场尽可能地清洗鸡蛋
before they reach consumers
并在销售前消毒
in order to remove any dirt and feces on the exterior of eggs.
以清除蛋壳上的污垢 和粪便
These contaminants are bacterial in nature
这些污垢携带细菌
and may pose a food safety threat
并且有食品安全隐患
when they enter a kitchen environment
当它们被放在厨房里
For instance one may crack open an egg
可能有人敲开鸡蛋后
then proceed to a sandwich with this bacteria-riddled hands
用布满细菌的手准备制作三明治
Also egg shells are porous
蛋壳是能渗透的
So there’s is a possibility if microbes leaking inside the egg
细菌就有可能进入到 鸡蛋内部
As per the regulation
按照规定
eggs are washed with warm water at least 20 degrees Fahrenheit warmer
要用比鸡蛋内部温度至少高20℉
than the internal temperature of the eggs
最少90℉的热水
and at a minimum of 90 degrees Fahrenheit
清洗鸡蛋
A detergent that won’t impart any foreign odors
同时也要使用
to the eggs is also used.
不会产生其它异味的清洁剂
After washing, the eggs are rinsed with a warm water spray
清洗过后要用含有化学消毒剂的
containing a chemical sanitized
喷雾冲洗鸡蛋
to remove any remaining bacteria
以去除残留的细菌
and then they are dried to remove excess moisture
然后要进行干燥除去多余水分
Every step of this whole process is scientifically designed
全程每一步都经过科学地设计
and must be executed with extreme care
必须严格执行
otherwise this procedure can lead to more damage than good
否则结果利大于弊
For example,the drying of eggs is crucial
例如 鸡蛋的干燥是非常重要的
because a dry eggshell acts as a barrier
因为干燥的蛋壳能作为屏障
to bacterial intrusion while the presence of moisture
防止病菌入侵的同时保持水分
makes the shell more permeable exposing it to pathogen attack
使蛋壳渗透性增强 易受到病原体的攻击
Furthermore moisture itself may act as a medium for bacterial growth
而且水分本身可以作为细菌生长的媒介
and water provides an excellent vehicle for pathogens such as salmonella
它是运输病原体例如沙门氏菌的良好载体
The right temperature of warm washing water is important
清洗鸡蛋的水温很重要
because water colder than egg
因为比鸡蛋更冷的水
could cause the contents of the egg to contract
会导致鸡蛋内部收缩
sucking polluted water in through the shell
将被污染的水吸入壳内
Results may get worse
结果可能更糟
if a facility is not careful enough
如果设备不够灵敏
to regularly change the washing water
不能规律地更换清洗鸡蛋的水
and eggs are left to sit in the dirty bath
以及将鸡蛋留置在脏的清洗池里
With such high risk of bacteria if cleaned improperly
因为清洁不恰当而可能导致的高感菌风险
the UK and almost all of world except the US
使得除美国外的英国和几乎所有国家
believes that the egg should not be washed or cleaned
认为在鸡蛋被出售给消费者以前
before they’re sold to consumers.
不应该被清洗
As far as dirty eggs are concerned
就脏鸡蛋而言
The EU’s egg marketing law
欧盟鸡蛋市场交易法
encourages good husbandry on farms
鼓励农场精心饲养
Because eggs can’t be cleaned or washed
因为鸡蛋不能被清洁或清洗
it’s the farmers best interests
而脏鸡蛋又没人买
to produce the cleanest eggs as possible
尽可能生产干净的鸡蛋
as no one is gonna buy their eggs if they’re dirty
成为农场主牟取利益的关键
This may not sound too convincing to you
你可能不太相信
but there’s more to it
但不仅仅是如此而已
An egg carries a thin layer of coating
在鸡蛋外表面
on its outer surface called cuticle
有一层很薄的表皮叫作护膜
This layer naturally protects eggs
这是鸡蛋的天然保护层
from almost all contamination
能使其免受污染
and also keeps the eggs fresh for longer periods.
同时延长了鸡蛋的保鲜期
Washing eggs damage most of this protective layer
清洗鸡蛋破坏了大部分的保护层
and makes them vulnerable to contamination from pathogens and other microorganisms
使鸡蛋易受到病原体和其他微生物的侵害
In the absence of washing
不清洗的话
an egg is capable of protecting itself naturally
鸡蛋能够自主地进行自我保护
and if care is taken while handling eggs
而且如果处理鸡蛋时仔细小心
the contamination of kitchen environment can also be eliminated
厨房的污染物也无法入侵到鸡蛋中
The UK thus believes
因此英国认为
that a little care is better
一点点的处理
than the huge risk and cost of washing eggs
比高风险和高成本的清洗要更好
Another thing that makes British eggs and American eggs
英国和美国的鸡蛋
different to one and another is how they’re stored
在储存方式上也有所不同
In the UK and almost everywhere in Europe
含英国在内的几乎欧洲各地
you can see eggs sitting in unrefrigerated shelves of supermarkets
你会看到鸡蛋被摆在非冷藏的超市货架上
The EU regulation stipulates
欧盟规定
that eggs should in general not be refrigerated
在卖给最终消费者之前
before selling to the final consumer
鸡蛋通常不应该被冷藏
Chilled eggs when left outside at room temperature
在从市场运输到消费者的家的过程中
during transit between supermarket and consumer’s home
冷冻的鸡蛋被取出置于室温
may sweat and form moisture on its surface
表面可能会渗出水分变得潮湿
facilitating the growth of bacteria
促进细菌滋生
and probably their ingression into the egg
并且可能进入到鸡蛋中
The American system on the other hand
然而美国的体系
instructs its seller to refrigerate eggs under 40*F
命令销售者在40℉下保存鸡蛋
in order to decrease the risk of Salmonella
以降低沙门氏菌形成的可能
Salmonella isn’t a big problem in the UK
沙门氏菌在英国影响不大
because European farmers have been vaccinating their hens
因为欧洲农民自90年代起便开始
against salmonella since 1990s
给家禽注射对抗沙门氏菌的疫苗
and have received the good results
并取得了很好的结果
Vaccination in the US is not a common practice
在美国接种疫苗并不常见
because of all of these differences
因为两国鸡蛋
in how eggs are precessed and sold in the two nations
在生产和出售上的这些不同
British eggs are significant natural in taste
英国鸡蛋的口感更加自然
But how would you know
但也许在你不知道的未来
British eggs can’t be sold in the US
英国鸡蛋会在美国销售
and the US ones in the UK
美国鸡蛋也会在英国销售
Thanks for watch.
感谢观看

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

美国与欧洲鸡蛋因为理念不同,使得生产与储存方式存在差别,所以互相禁止销售

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

人间

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bo3PDWeHb58

相关推荐