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为什么这些白纸能放到博物馆里展出,而我却的不行?

Why these all-white paintings are in museums and mine aren't

It’s almost kind of like a blank canvas with some,
就像一张带有纹理质感
like some texture.
的白纸
I do see a white dot there but I don’t know if that’s supposed to be there.
我确实看到了个白点 但我不知道它在那里合不合适
It looks like something I would cook on, like a baking sheet.
这看起来像是我会用的厨具 比如烤盘
Could be a lot of flies stuck to a bit of paper.
会不会是一张粘了许多苍蝇的纸
Yeah, ’cause I would put this down on my floor,
是啊 我会把它当地毯
my floor tiles.
放在地板上
These people are describing Robert Ryman’s painting “Bridge”.
这些人正在形容罗伯特·莱曼的画作《桥》
It sold for $20.6 million at a Christie’s auction in 2015.
在2015年奥斯陆的一场拍卖会上 以2600万美元的天价卖出
How is an all-white painting considered art,
一张白纸怎么就成了艺术品
and why would anyone shell out millions for something like this?
为什么会有人愿意花成百上千万美元去买它?
There are a lot of these “white paintings.”
这种“空白画”还有很多
Many people trace them back to Kazimir Malevich’s 1918 work “White on White.”
很多人都认为这种画作始于1918年卡西米尔·马列维奇的作品《白上加白》
But there are many artists who created these kinds of paintings:
不过很多艺术家都会创作这类画作:
艾格尼斯·马丁的《白色的石头》
乔·贝尔的《无题》
约瑟夫·阿尔伯斯的《向正方形致敬》
Most of these artists were associated with an art movement
其中大部分都与所谓的“极简主义”有关
called minimalism, which emerged in the late 1950s.
一场始于20世纪50年代晚期的运动
When I say the minimalists
当我说极简主义时
I mean minimalism with a capital M, not a lowercase.
我的意思是大写“M”开头的那个 而不是小写的那个
This is Elisabeth Sherman, she’s an assistant curator
这是伊丽莎白·希尔曼 她是纽约惠特尼博物馆
at the Whitney Museum in New York.
的助理研究员
It’s tempting to look at one of these paintings
看着这类画作 你们可能会想
and think that some jerk just took a tube of white paint
这是某个混蛋
and spread it on a canvas ,
用白色颜料在画布上随意涂抹几下
but it’s not actually that easy.
但并非如此
I mean mine rules, obviously,
我是说 显然 这是我的看法
because I’m a f****** genius,
因为我是一个该死的天才
but there’s usually a lot more than meets the eye.
但是实际要做的比看到的要多得多
White isn’t really a pure thing.
白色并不是单一的纯色
White is always tinted in some way.
白色会偏向某种色彩
Paint is made up of a variety of pigments.
一幅画通常是众多颜料调和的结果
If you’ve ever painted the walls of your house,
如果你在家里刷过墙
you know how many different whites there are
你就会知道白色也有很多种
to choose from.
以供选择
And maybe if you only look at one it looks like pure white,
可能你只看一种白色 你会认为它是纯白的
but when you hold them up in an array you can see the subtle differences.
但当你把很多种白色放在一起 就能看到它们的细微差别
It’s blue, it’s green, it’s purple, it’s warm, it’s cold.
偏蓝 偏绿 偏紫 偏暖 偏冷
And when you get close—
并且当你靠近些——
HEY!

Not too close, there’s a lot going on here.
别靠太近 里面有很多丰富的内容
Lines, texture, patterns, even color.
线条 纹理 图案 甚至色彩
There are a lot of subtle intricacies that make it more
这里面有许多细微的内容
than “just a white canvas.”
而不单单“只是一块白布”
Minimalist artists wanted their work to embody order, simplicity, and harmony.
极简主义艺术家们希望通过他们的作品来表达秩序 简洁和和谐
These artists began with these ideas as a rejection
起初 这些艺术家为了反对“抽象表现主义”
of abstract expressionism.
才有了这些想法
Abstract expressionism was a movement of artists in the 1940s and 50s
抽象表现主义是一场20世纪40年代到50年代的运动
who thought that art should be gestural, expressive, and emotional,
他们认为艺术应该是充满表现性 表现力和富有情感的
evoking the unconscious mind through movement and color.
能够通过运动和色彩激发无意识的思想运动
So if we think about Jackson Pollock as being kind of
所以如果我们认为杰克逊·波洛克是
the Abstract Expressionist that many people think of,
抽象表现主义的代表 实际很多人都这么认为
you can take that picture of him with the canvas
你可以认为他的作品
on the floor of his studio
只是到处在地板上随意泼洒颜料
spilling paints everywhere,
的油彩画作
and it’s his gesture, it’s his physical body, it’s his arm, it’s who he is as a person
是他的姿势 他的手臂 他的个人
that’s creating that canvas, that painting.
创造了这幅画作
Minimalists weren’t about that.
极简主义绝非如此
All that paint splashing everywhere?
让颜料到处飞溅?
No thanks.
不了谢谢
There was a lot of desire to get away from that sensibility
很多人都想抛弃抽象表现主义的情感
where the individual’s expression was put into the canvas.
因为个人的情感被融入到了画作中
The idea was that the art object — be it sculpture or painting
极简艺术的理念是艺术对象——
be it sculpture or painting or installation —
无论是雕塑 画作 还是装置——
should kind of
都应该尽量
be as far removed from the author as possible.
与作者本身保持距离
You can see what she means when you compare the two schools of art.
你能明白她的意思 如果你对比两种流派
左边是抽象表现主义 右边是极简主义
左边是抽象表现主义 右边是极简主义
左边是抽象表现主义 右边是极简主义
Okay, you get it.
好的 你懂了
Minimalist artists stripped art of the burden of being about “something else.”
极简主义艺术家们让艺术品不再有“表征他物”的负担
They presented art not as an imitation of reality
他们创作的艺术品不再是对现实的模拟
but as an object unto itself.
而是艺术本身
Artist Frank Stella summed it up nicely when he said,
艺术家弗兰克·斯特拉的总结很精彩
“你看到什么就是什么”
One of my favorite things about modern art is the rage that it seems to provoke in some
我最喜欢现代艺术的原因之一就是
people.
它似乎激怒了一些人
Cue videos of men freaking out:
点击链接 看看哪些人崩溃了
I’m not gonna sit there and try to find a meaning
我不会呆坐在那儿 试图探寻
in a red circle on a blank white canvas,
一块白布上的一个红圈的含义
’cause I’m not gonna find any meaning.
因为我找不出任何含义
I may not understand art but I do understand the English language,
我可能不懂艺术 但我懂英语
and that’s pretentious nonsense.
并且那都是自命不凡之人的废话
Did you see the painting that was just a white painting
你看过那幅
that had nothing on it?
什么都没有的白色画作吗?
It’s like super pretentious meets uber pretentious.
那就像一个超级自命不凡的人遇到了另一个自命不凡之人
Modern art sets. people. off.
现代艺术让人炸开
And believe me when I say that I am here for it.
在我说这话时要相信我
But with modern art, by definition every interpretation is genuine and legitimate and okay.
但现代艺术的含义就是每一种解读都是真实 合法 正确的
Or not, how about not?
或者不是 如果不是呢?
I love it.
我爱这个
There’s even an entire play about a group of lifelong friends
甚至还有一个讲述了一群挚友
who are torn apart when one of them
因为其中一个人花了20万买了一副纯白画作
buys an all-white painting for $200,000.
而反目成仇的故事
With a very kind of absent blank painting you have to do a lot more work in some ways
要画一个全白的画 在某些方面你要做的工作或许更多
than maybe you have to do with, let’s say, pop art
打个比方
that has tons of obvious references
通俗画有无数显而易见的含义
and you see the Coca-Cola or the American flag
比如你看到可口可乐或美国的星条旗
and you can say, I have all of these relationships
你可能会说 我和
with these objects with these brands with these things.
这些物品 这些标志都有关联
When you’re looking at simply a square of white paint,
但当你看到一幅方形的白色画时
you have to do a lot more work,
你要做更多
but sometimes there maybe is something more rewarding in the end.
但有时这些画给你的回报会更加丰厚
Another common reaction to modern art,
人们对现代艺术的另一种反应
specifically minimalist pieces like white paintings is,
尤其是看到白色的极简主义作品时
c’mon, say it with me now,
来吧 和我一起说
” I could do that.”Good .
“我可以做到” 好的
Almost no matter what show I’ve worked on in my career somebody has said that.
在我的职业生涯中 每次上节目 几乎都有人这样说
While there is a lot of skill in a lot of modern and contemporary art
虽然现当代艺术涉及到很多技巧
there’s also a lot of art that is more about the idea than it is about skill.
依然有很多艺术比注重技巧更加在意思想
And so yes you could do it but you didn’t.
所以 你也能画出来 但你没有啊
Damn Elisabeth.
讨厌 伊丽莎白
And that may sound obnoxious or flip
可能听着有些讨厌和失礼
but the reality is is that once art begins to live just as much
但事实就是 一旦艺术的存在
in the mind as it does in the eye
人们看到多少都可以深入内心的话
you have to bring your ideas as well as your physical construction of the work.
你就不仅要绘制这幅作品 还要传达你的思想
White paintings are a fascinating kind of Rorschach test.
白色画就像是罗夏测试一个更有趣的版本
They offer viewers an ambiguous, I’m so sorry, but, canvas
观众看到的是一副模棱两可的作品 抱歉
to project their own interpretations, emotions, beliefs, and stories onto.
供观众投射他们自己的理解 情感 信念和故事
So if looking at a white painting makes you feel
所以如果观看一副白色画作
angry or excited or soothed,
使你感到愤怒或激动或安慰的话
those are all valid responses.
这些反应都是有根据的
But take a moment to think about why that was your response.
但请你停下想想 为何你会有那种反应
It’s very easy to be dismissive of things that we’re not immediately attracted to.
我们很容易轻视第一眼就无感的东西
So if you have a kind of negative gut reaction,
所以 当你的反应是消极的
one of defensiveness or fear or anxiety or
无论是消极或恐惧或焦虑
rejection
还是排斥的
maybe try to move past that and see what’s available afterwards.
你可以试着走开并去看后面有什么可看的画作
And it doesn’t have to change your mind,
并且还不需为了一幅画去改变你的思想
but it’s sometimes the process of working through that reaction
但有时 正是通过这种反应
that you learn the most about the work
我们才会对一幅画作有更深的认知
but also about yourself.
也会对自己有更深的了解

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视频概述

VOX观点对于极简主义作品的简单阐述与介绍。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ERIC

审核员

审核员EM

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9aGRHOpMRUg

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