ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

为什么只有一艘美国游轮 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

为什么只有一艘美国游轮

Why There's Only One American Cruise Ship

This video was made possible by Skillshare.
本视频由skillshare赞助
Learn new skills for free for two months at skl.sh/hai24.
上skl.sh/hai24 两个月内免费学习新技能
America is really good at being # 1 in number of things
美国很善于在各领域争当第一
it ranks top in quantity of Waffle Houses,
它是华夫饼屋 沃尔玛 登月次数
Walmarts,moon landings,American Civil War Victories, Americans
美国内战胜利次数 美国人最多的地方
But one thing that it does not have more than anyone else of is cruise ships.
但有个例外 它的游轮没有其他国家多
That’s because there is only one sole cruise ship based in the US.
这是因为 美国只有一艘游轮
Now, for the purposes of arbitrarity,
现在 为了避免歧义
when I’m talking about cruise ships,
当我谈到游轮时
I’m talking about one of these big boy ocean ships that carry thousands of people
我说的是能乘载数千人的大型海洋船舶
not one of those low tier ships that go on rivers or lakes or stuff like that.
而不是行驶在河流湖泊的低规格船舶
In that category, this ship, the aptly named Pride of America,
在该标准下 这艘名为“美国之傲”号的游轮
is the only American flagged,
是唯一一艘悬挂美国国旗的
American based cruise ship.
美国籍游轮
Now, to that, you might ask, “huh?”
对此你可能会问 “什么?”
You see, the reason this is is because of a little thing I like to call, “the law.”
对此 我认为可以归因于 “法律”
Onboard ships, the laws of the country in which they are registered apply.
在船上 人们要遵守注册国的法律
That is to say,
也就是说
if you’re on an American flagged ship
如果你在美国的船上
you can’t drink till 21;
21岁前你都不能喝酒
if you’re on an Singaporean flagged ship,
如果你在新加坡的船上
chewing gum is illegal;
嚼口香糖是违法的
and if you’re on a British flagged ship,
如果你在英国的船上
you’re allowed to invade and annex any country you want for recreational purposes.
你可以为了消遣而侵略吞并任何你想要的国家
Trust me, I’m a lawyer.
相信我 我是律师
But what that also means is that
但这也意味着
those boring kind of laws doing silly things like,
那些无聊法律下的愚蠢规定
“protecting employee rights,” and,
比如“保护员工权利”
“preventing labor exploitation,” also apply.
“防止劳动力剥削” 也适用于船上
Of course, in the US,
众所周知 在美国
one of those labor laws is the minimum wage
有条劳动法规定了最低工资
which is $ 7.25 an hour,
即每小时7.25美元
enough to buy an avocado cracker in San Francisco.
这些钱足以在旧金山买一块鳄梨饼干
But surprisingly, United States law does not apply
但令人惊讶的是 美国法律不适用于
in the rest of the world.
世界其他地方
In Panama, for example,
比如在巴拿马
the minimum wage for ship workers is $ 2.32 an hour.
船员最低工资为每小时2.32美元
So let’s say and hear me out here,
所以我们来分析一下
we take a ship, register it in Panama,
我们有一艘船 在巴拿马注册
and pay people $ 2.32 an hour.
然后每小时付船员2.32美元
“Genius, you’re hired, ” says the cruise industry
“这位天才 你被录用了”游轮业的人会这么说
because that’s exactly what they do.
因为他们就是这么做的
Considering cruise companies pay for their employees food and housing onboard,
基于游轮公司为员工提供吃住
They are able to hire labor from low wage countries and,
他们只雇得起低工资国家的船员
because they typically register the ships
由于他们特意在低工资或
in places with low or no minimum wage like
无最低工资要求的地方注册
Panama, Singapore, or Liberia,
如巴拿马 新加坡 或利比里亚
they are legally allowed to pay them very little.
他们支付船员很低的工资也是合法的
Those workers are allowed to work on the ship no matter where it sails,
不论船驶往何处 船员都可以在船上工作
since for all intents and purposes
因为从任何角度看
it’s the territory of the country in which it’s registered.
船上都属于船舶注册国的领地
But there is one major exception for the extra special gold
但是 对于美国这个格外特殊的国家
star country that is the United States.
有个重大例外
You see, the US has a law known as the Jones Act
美国有一部法律 被称为《琼斯法案》
but that is officially titled,
但它的官方名称是
“the Merchant Marine Act of 1920.”
《1920年商船法案》
Believe it or not, this law, passed in 1920,
你可能不信 该法律是1920年通过的
is potentially, possibly, a tiny bit antiquated
它可能有那么一点点过时了
not that this is a political video or anything.
不是说这是政治视频之类的
It stipulates that,
该法律规定
in order to transport goods or passengers between ports in the US
船舶如要在美国港口间运送货物和乘客
a ship must be American built,
则必须由美国人制造
American crewed,
以美国人为船员
and American flagged.
并悬挂美国国旗
Now, if this were a political video I might say something like,
现在 如果这是个政治视频 我会说:
“this significantly increases the cost of transporting goods between US ports
这大大增加了美国港口间货物运输的成本
and therefore raises the cost of living in isolated regions of the US
继而提高了美国偏远地区的生活成本
like Alaska, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico”
如阿拉斯加州 夏威夷和波多黎各
But of course this is not a political video,
但这显然不是政治视频
so I won’t say that.
所以我不会说这些
Working on a US flagged vessel also requires the right to work in the US
在悬挂美国国旗的船只上工作 还要有在美国工作的资格
which is not easy to get in comparison to the right to work in a place like Panama,
而这比巴拿马等地的工作资格难获得
which makes sure regulations are easy for its registered ships
巴拿马对其注册船舶的管理比较宽松
since ship registration is big business for them.
因为船舶注册对他们来说是桩大生意
Now, these laws all also apply to cruise ships since,
这些法律都适用于游轮
technically, when a cruise sails between US ports,
理论上看 当一艘游轮在美国港口间航行
it’s transporting passengers between US ports.
它就是在美国港口间运送旅客
This presents a problem for the cruise industry
这给游轮公司带来一个问题
which simultaneously wants to build and register their ships outside the US
因为他们既想在美国境外建造和注册游轮
and also cruise to places like Alaska and Hawaii.
又想驶往阿拉斯加和夏威夷等地
They figured out two unique solutions, though.
最终他们想到了两个独特的解决方法
One is to sail to the US from not the US.
一个是将游轮从海外驶往美国
Cruise ships are allowed to sail between multiple US ports
如果游轮从美国境外出发 且每个人都待在船上
if they start outside the US as long as everybody gets back on the ship
游轮就可以在美国多个港口间航行
that way nobody’s getting transported between US ports,
因为乘客并没有在美国港口间往返
they’re just stopping off.
他们只是在港口停留
Therefore a lot of cruises to Alaska start
因此 许多去阿拉斯加的游轮
in one of the not-yet United States of America—Canada.
是从尚不属于美国的加拿大出发的
The other solution, though,
而另一个方法是
that exempts the ships from the Jones Act,
利用《琼斯法案》的豁免政策
is to make a stop outside the US.
将船短暂停泊在境外
That’s why most every Alaskan cruise leaving from Seattle
这就是大部分从西雅图前往阿拉斯加的游轮
stops in Victoria, British Columbia.
会在不列颠哥伦比亚的维多利亚停留的原因
They usually make sure the American passengers aren’t too distressed, though,
为了不让旅客在旅程中特别难受
by keeping to stop to only a few hours,
游轮每次只停留几小时
rather than the typical full day.
而非停留一整天
Now, that works fine for Alaska Cruises but what about Hawaii?
阿拉斯加游轮运行得挺好 那夏威夷呢
If a cruise is going from the US West Coast,
如果游轮从美国西海岸出发
to Hawaii, and back to the West Coast,
到夏威夷 再回到西海岸
they will typically make a stop in Ensenada, Mexico,
他们通常会在墨西哥恩塞纳达港停留
even though that adds up to two days for a
尽管这使旧金山到夏威夷的
round-trip Hawaii cruise from San Francisco.
往返旅程延长两天
If a ship wants to do a cruise exclusively around Hawaii, though,
但若游轮只在夏威夷附近巡航
there’s really no foreign country nearby that they can stop in.
那么附近就实在没有可以停靠的国家了
That’s why there are basically no cruises around the islands roundtrip from Honolull
这就是 基本上没有游轮往返于火奴鲁鲁和夏威夷的原因
except for one.
但有一个例外
Norwegian Cruise Line,
就是挪威游轮
persuaded by the potential of an all Hawaii cruise,
该公司看到了夏威夷之旅的潜力
and a huge amount of federal subsidies,
以及巨额的联邦补贴
went through the enormous expense of building a cruise ship
不惜重金在美国建造游轮
mostly in America for the first time in a while,
这是长久以来美国第一艘游轮
registering it in America, and crewing it with Americans.
且在美国注册 以美国人为船员
This ship, the Pride of America,
这艘船 美国之傲号
is now the only full-size American cruise ship and
是目前唯一一艘纯粹的美国游轮
it is also the only cruise ship making trips exclusively around the Hawaiian islands.
也是唯一一艘只在夏威夷群岛巡航的游轮
Of course, American labor is not cheap
当然 美国的劳动力不便宜
and so the seven night trip on the Pride of America
所以在美国之傲号上的七夜之旅
starts at $ 1,200
从1200美元起步
exactly triple as much as their seven night cruise from Alaska to
刚好是从阿拉斯加途经温哥华到西雅图
Seattle via Vancouver.
七夜游的价格的三倍
Of course, rule number one of cruising is
当然 坐游轮的第一定律
that the wifi is expensive and sucks.
WiFi又贵信号又差
That’s why, before you go,
这就是在出发前
you should download one of Skillshare’s 25,000 courses
你最好从Skillshare发布在手机软件中的
on their iOS or Android app
25000门课程中挑选一些下载
for some aquatic skill acquisition.
以便学习一些水上技能的原因
One course that I might recommend for anyone taking a trip this summer,
对于夏天出游的人 不管你们是否坐游轮
cruise or not,
我都推荐一门课
is their one on iPhone Photography.
它是关于iPhone摄影的
It teaches all about composition, lighting,
它会传授所有关于构图 灯光
and other tips for mobile photography that
及其他手机摄影的技巧
can really spice up the photos
即使只是手机拍的照片
even from the device you hold in your pocket.
也能变得妙趣横生
Of course, there are more than 25,000 other courses to take
当然 除此以外 skillshare还有
after or instead of this one
25000多门课供你学习
all of which you will have unlimited access to for free for two months
所有课程你都可以在两个月内无限次免费观看
only by signing up at https://skl.sh/hai24
只要你上skl.sh/hai24注册账号
and you’ll be supporting HAI while you’re at it.
与此同时 你也支持了HAI

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

想知道为什么只有一艘美国游轮?这个视频会告诉你原因。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

酸下巴

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m3yyA12PAy0

相关推荐