Dragons, Thor and brutality
that’s the common perception of the Vikings.
They made a stand on the world
through exploration outside their Scandinavian roots.
but today they still are quite commonly misrepresented.
The Viking Age lasted just over 300 years,
starting in the mid 700s and ending around 1066.
During that time the Vikings raided countless villages,
conquered lands and explored new areas of the planet.
It is basically common knolwdge that
their culture has been some somewhat misrepresented in the past.
No, they didn’t have horns on their war helmets and they didn’t all have mad sprite
In honesty though, we don’t really know that much about what they were really like.
They weren’t too fond of writing their history
and their societies were spread so far apart
Their authentic Viking writings of their culture and life are far and few between
Nearly everything of what we know about them is from accounts of their enemies
or written centuries after the Viking Age ended.
Today I wanted to give a quick overview of who the Vikings were,
what they did and why they disappeared.
Vikings were Nords. They originated in Scandinavia
and were mostly focused on raiding and exploring new lands.
Following this livelihood inevitably leads you to weird places,
and as such Vikings raided and explored lands from the Middle East to Africa, to North America
因此这些维京人突袭和探索了 中东 非洲 北美
and were the first Europeans to do so.
Many believe the Viking Age started with the reign of Lindisfarne in England,
and 792 Vikings raided a Christian monastery here.
Starting off a long line of raids throughout Europe and beyond.
Vikings had already raided locations
but this particular event really kick-started the identity, Vikings were built up.
Christians had quite a bit of animosity towards these polytheistic pagan
and raiding a monastery didn’t help.
Viking history effectively does become a series of raids and explorers for the next few hundred years.
And considering just how widespread these people traveled,
it isn’t too surprising in the end, the culture fizzled away.
The exact cause for Vikings travelling the globe can’t really be pinpointed.
Some argue it was to escape forced conversion to Christianity by travelling
which would align rather nicely with the advent of the Viking Age
This would be a large part of Saxon wars, affecting Germanic peoples
At the same time, some argue that since Vikings gave their first sons all acquired land,
同时 有些人认为 维京人惯于将他们征战所得的领地都给长子
younger sons ventured off to gain their own property.
Of course a multitude of reasons could exist.
Maybe it was just a byproduct of consolidating,
we won’t know for sure, considering the lack of authentic evidence.
The long ships represented as the choice vessel for the Vikings
It’s pretty accurate, albeit a bit less ornate
They were the pinnacle of ships at the time and contributed to the Vikings vast expansion.
They did cross the Atlantic hundreds of years before other Europeans
The combination of oars and sails made the ships remarkably versatile
and open sea or ocean the sails were to be used exclusively
and orders would be used near coastal areas or just for boosting speed one
one of their best features was the identical front and rear sides
in icy areas which Vikings did tend to traveling
the ship could go backwards very quickly by simply rowing in the other direction
notable achievements of Viking exploration include the discovery of Greenland
some give credit to Erik the red for this an exile convicted of manslaughter
whether he actually discovered the island is doubted Nords had very likely been to Greenland
but without permit settlements it’s impossible to know if they actually had made it there.
Erik’s son Leif Ericson would gain further fame with being credited as the first European to reach North America
埃里克的儿子Leif Erickson名气更大 被认为是第一个到达北美的欧洲人
landing in modern Newfoundland he created a settlement called Finland
他登陆现在的纽芬兰后 建立了一个定居点 取名芬兰
which would be the first Europeans would create
not all was going well for the Vikings however
然而 对维京人来说 并非一切顺利
over time the Vikings began to lose a decent amount of ground
or fall to Christian conversion. Rollo a Viking chief was granted the crown in ruled Normandy and 911
罗伦 一名维京人首领 于911年被授予王位统治诺曼底公国
at promising the French king he would convert to Christianity
and keep other Vikings out
slowly the Vikings culture and religion began to fade out of existence
they lost land and many converted to Christianity
this conformity more or less was what effectively ended the Viking Age
but many regard one final event as the ultimate conclusion
oral toxic Godwinson was exiled from England after a rebellion
following a rather poor attempt at ruling Northumbria
his resentment led him to contact the King of Norway
Harald Hardrada and convinced him to march into England
so with us in 1066 king Hardrada and Earl Godwin s’en
went to war with the King of England Harold Godwinson
taught SIG’s brother hard Radha and toxicated were both killed an already
already weakened Viking culture had finally reached its end around
around this time the beliefs and culture of the Vikings and Nords had slowly
slowly began disappearing with Christianity taking prominence this
this was a slow process with
with a taking nearly two centuries after the fall of the Vikings for Christianity to be nearly universal throughout
throughout Scandinavia I wish more could be said about the Vikings but in all honesty moving
moving too far outside battles and raids leads
leads to a deep amount of uncertainty
those the Vikings raided documented Vikings far more than they did themselves
along with Christians who had quite a bit of bias considering the Vikings paganism
the popular Norse Sagas detailing their culture in history
created after the Viking Age had ended complicating
complicating the legitimacy of some stories
as for Norse mythology I would love to detail it
but I feel it deserves a full video of its own some other day the Viking
the Viking legacy is a strange one so little authentic history was preserved from such a widespread culture
维京人的遗产异乎寻常 他们的文化传播广泛 但真实史料稀缺
Norse culture had somewhat influenced Western civilization Thursday
Thursday is after all named after Thor’s day
even though the Viking Age came to an end
still pretty hard to forget about those pesky nerds
this is Cody of knowledge hub
Dragons, Thor and brutality