ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

为什么灵应盘会如此出名 – 译学馆
未登陆,请登陆后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

为什么灵应盘会如此出名

Why the Ouija board became so famous

灵应盘是如何被如此高估的?
How did Ouija become so…overrated?
这里屏幕上应该出现“高估”两个字
It was gonna spell”Overrated.”
灵应盘被高估不只因为这块木板的力量并不真实
Ouija is not overrated just because the board’spowers aren’t real.
我们知道它由心理观念运动效应赋予力量
We know it’s powered by the psychological ideomotor effect — a type of subconscious
这种效应是指潜意识会影响行为
movement that guides the responses.
但这不能解释为什么
But that doesn’t explain why this
这种蹩脚的木板为什么如此重要
kinda crappy board is such a big part of our lives
为什么灵应盘和相关骗人的东西
and why Ouija and Ouija ripoffs are what you see
反复在电影里出现
over and over again in TV and movies.
在很糟糕的电影里出现
Really. Bad. Movies.
“我在这里发现了一个灵应盘”
“I found a Ouija board here.
“我们今晚就玩这个”
We’re gonna play it tonight.” Ok,
但是真正令人震惊的是
but the real shock is that this piece
这块硬纸板已经有了两世纪的历史
of cardboard has a story that spans two centuries
并且能够表现出我们的历史和文化
and actually says something about our historyand our culture.
高估
[音乐]
music
“世上并没有死亡!”
“There is no Death!
“你所经历的不过是一种新生”
What seems so is transition;
“驶离了人生的最后港口”
this life of mortal breath
“你已来到了来生的港湾”
Is but a suburb of the Life Elysian
“这个港口的名字我们叫作死亡”
Whose portal we call Death.”
这个观点来自朗费罗
That’s from Longfellow.
就是创作保罗·里维尔午夜骑行故事的那个传奇诗人
The same legendary poet who wrote about the midnight ride of Paul Revere.
在19世纪初唯灵论和美国风以奇怪的方式缠结在一起
In the 1800s, spiritualism and Americanismwere intertwined in weird ways.
虽然我们所称的唯灵论
Though what we call spiritualism started
从18世纪早期到中期在欧洲就开始出现——
in the early to mid 1800s in Europe — seances,
降神会 鬼东西等等
ghost stuff, etc — it really picked up
但在19世纪50和60年代在美国真的很流行
in the US in the 1850s and 1860s.
南北战争导致了将近一百万的伤亡者
The Civil War caused around a million casualties.
但总体上讲 死亡是永恒的
But more broadly, death was a constant.
这个图表展示了从1850年到1910年人类的预期寿命
This chart shows life expectancy from 1850to 1910.
看到图表中的突跃了吗?
That jump in the chart?
只是从40岁到50岁
That’s from 40 to just 50 years old.
这难道不是对死亡普遍存在的一种回应吗?
One response to that presence of death?
像《光旗》这样唯灵论报纸有几百种
Hundreds of spiritualism newspapers like Bannerof Light.
甚至还有专门的一栏
It even had a column filled
用于刊登自称来自于外来灵界的言论
with messages that claimed to be from the spirit world beyond. Ooh,
这个人说他曾是朗姆酒销售员
this guy says he was a rumseller.
有意思哦
That sounds fun.
这种唯灵情结持续存在
This spiritual fixation endured.
那首朗费罗的诗是一本1891年最畅销书籍
That Longfellow poem was the epigraph to a hit book in 1891 –
《世上不存在死亡》的引言
the bestselling “ There Is No Death.”
所以灵应盘到底有什么作用?
So where does Ouija fit in?
为了回答这个问题 应该去专利局寻找答案
For that, you have to go to the patent office.
这些都是从1890年到1990年的对话板专利品
These are all talking board patents from the1890s and 1900s. Oh,
这个是法国的
this one was French.
这个1891的专利品可以说是灵应盘的祖先
This patent from 1891 is the direct ancestorto Ouija.
确切地说 这个游戏有了一个黑暗的起源
Fittingly, the game has a murky origin,
但是美国人伊利亚·邦德和查尔斯·肯纳德
but Americans Elijah Bond and Charles Kennard
是这个灵应盘版本的制造者
were behind this version.
这个版本上面包含了所有元素:
It has all of the ingredients:
有着“是”和“否”的一块木板
the board with Yes and No,
以及一块占卜写板—
and a planchette –
就是那个用来选择你的字母的尖东西
that’s the name for the pointy thing that picks your letters.
有几种关于该名字的说法
There are theories about the name
有人说是用来纪念小说家奥维达的
some say it was for the novelist Ouida
她的名字是O-U-I-D-A
that’s O-U-I-D-A.
还有一些人声称是灵应盘自己拼出了这个名字
Others claimed the board itself spelled itsown name.
但是最好的解释就是这个词来自于埃及
But the most likely explanation is that it was Egyptian-sounding,
那是因为
since that’s how
它在第一个专利品上就是这样销售和解释的
it was marketed and explained on that firstpatent.
第二年 企业家威廉·富尔德获得了自己的说话板的专利
The next year, entrepreneur William Fuld patentedhis own talking board.
但是灵应盘这个名字曾经很出名
But Ouija was the brand that took off –
所以富尔德和他的公司买下了它
so Fuld and company bought it.
占卜板预测他们会盈利
The spirits pointed to profit.
他抵御住了众多竞争者
He fended off tons of competitors
包括他自己的家庭成员 并建立了名声
including his own family members — and built a name.
当灵应盘非常流行时
He had legal backing,
他的品牌获得了法律支持
like this 1915 patent,
就像1915年的专利一样
as Ouida took off
灵界终于有了它之前错过的东西
The spirit world finally had what had eluded in life
一个可靠的品牌标识
A solid brand identity
《华盛顿时报》发表长篇大论
When the Washington Times did a puff article
说明华盛顿心理问题时
on mental trouble in DC, they didn’t mention
并没有用说话板 而是用了灵应盘
“talking boards” – they mentioned “Ouija.”
当珀尔·科伦声称她已用灵应盘引导
When Pearl Curran claimed to have written novels
写了很多小说时……
by channeling her Ouija board —
等等 啥?
Wait. what?
上面就是这么说的 好吧
that’s what it says.
她用她自称有联系的灵魂的名字
Alright —She wrote under the name of the spirit she
佩森斯·沃斯作笔名
allegedly contacted — Patience Worth.
她用了灵应盘
She used Ouija.
这个品牌和它的法律效应
This brand kept Ouija going through the 20th century,
使灵应盘在20世纪持续流行
along with Fuld’s legal maintenance.
灵界走向商业化
The spirit world went corporate,
并逐渐形成了流行文化和神秘学
further merging pop culture and the occult.
今天…在今天
Today… Today,
灵应盘自带一点可怕和低俗
Ouija is a little horror, a little kitsch,
但也有一点有趣
and a little fun.
这些年公司发生了许多变化
There have been corporate shifts,
但灵应盘仍然是主要产品
but the board is a staple,
这对于一张简图和一块塑料来说
which is a pretty impressive journey
是十分新奇的历程
for a simple image and a piece ofplastic.
那种历程是被人们比如朗费罗的信仰
That journey was powered by the beliefs
以及美国专利局的神秘推动力
of people like Longfellow and the mysterious
所赋予力量的
forces of the United States patent system.
在某种程度上说
And we are being spoken to, in a way,
前人正在和我们交流
by people from the past.
不是通过来自灵界的信息
Not through messages from the spirit realm,
而是通过一块特制木片的历史
but through the history of a decorated piece of cardboard.
灵应盘也许被高估了 而且还不真实
Ouija might be overrated, and it’s not real.
但是它也许真的能表达些什么
But it might be saying something, too.
许多灵应盘的故事正在流传
There are many great Ouija stories out there.
我最爱的故事就发生于1921年
One of my favorites is that in 1921,
威廉·富尔德被迫承认灵应盘是小孩子的玩具
William Fuld was forced to admit Ouija was a children’s toy.
要问原因?
The reason?
是为了减税
Tax purposes.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

出现在欧美各大文学作品中的灵应盘中,到底蕴含着什么原理?这么一块小小的木板又是凭借什么而出名的?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Z

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-eO92ABfq2I

相关推荐