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鸡的驯化史

Why the Chicken Got Domesticated

大家好
Hey, kids.
无论我什么时候浏览网站
Whenever I browse the site,
我看见越来越多视频中
I see more and more videos
人们开始讨论这样的事情
people talking about things like,
比如Youtube自制剧
YouTube drama,
选举
the election,
世界政局
world politics.
那使我有所思考
That made me thinking
或许我应该开始在我的视频中讨论一些新的话题
maybe I should start covering more relevant new ones topics in my videos
总之让我们聊一下鸡吧
Anyway, let’s talk about chickens.
鸡的故事要从很久以前亚洲东南部开始说起
So the story of the chicken begins a long time ago in Southeast Asia.
那个地方生长着漫山遍野的竹子
All this area had a ton of the bamboo growing all over the place.
竹子这种植物每五十年生长一轮
The thing about bamboo is it follows a very specific life cycle where once every 50 years or so,
每一棵竹子都在同一时间时间开花
every bamboo planned to give an original blossom at the exact same time.
不久之后
Then, shortly after,
它们的种子遍布了整个地区
they littered the whole area with the little seeds,
它被称为“竹子米” 或者我管它们叫“小婴儿”
known as “Bamboo Rice” or as I called them “Bambinos”
草地被播上了种
These pelouses get planted.
一批的竹子会一起死去
The current bamboo dies out.
然后循环又开始
And the cycle starts over.
直到人类的祖先开始驯养鸡
Now, until the ancestor, they domesticated chicken
这种鸡叫做红原鸡
known as the “Red Junglefowl”
这种原鸡和竹子居住在同一片地方
The Junglefowl lived in the same area as the bamboo.
正如你想象的
And as you can imagine,
令原鸡们高兴的是每半个世纪食物就会大量增加
they got a lot of benefits at being at a literally knee deepen food once every half century.
因此进化发生了
So much so that evolution basically set alright.
当食物供应增长时
When food supplies go up,
我们会像过了村没了店一样的玩命生孩子
I want you to just start popping up babies like there’s no tomorrow.
那样可以将我们的优秀基因传承下去
That way we can take as much advantages of each bloom as possible.
结果鸡的数量和竹子同时增长
As a result, the chicken population became synchronized with the bamboo.
鸡在竹子出现时迅速增长
Shooting up during blooms and dwelling in between.
然后人类出现了
Then, humans showed up.
他们看到了这种情况
And they saw this pattern.
他们说“这多令人吃惊”
And they said “Wow, how bamboozling” .
他们意识到“等等,这好像可以利用”
And they realized ” Wait a minute, that pawn was done,
我们可以驯这些鸡来繁殖
but also we can harness this whole chicken cycle thing,
我们只需给这些家伙一些食物
all we have to do is to give these guys a whole bunch of food,
在我们需要的任何时候可以利用它们的繁殖体系扩大
and we can make their reproductive systems going to overdrive whenever we want.
你明白我的意思吗?
Do you know what that means?
大概想到热鸟色情
Lots of hot bird porn.
不 这意味着我们想要多少就有鸡蛋
No, it means we get as many eggs as we could ever dream of.
经过一些努力 我们大约在公元前5000年最终驯化了鸡
So with a little work , we vanished to domesticate the chicken around 5000BC
正如你想的
And as you can imagine,
在家里有台下蛋的机器是个好主意
the idea of having a literal egg laying machine around the house was extremely popular.
经过千年的传播驯养鸡的技术传播到了全球各地
Leading to the chicken spreading across the entirety of the civilized world of the course a few millennial
我认为这是有趣的
I think it’s interesting that
尽管事实上西方把鸡添加到它的历史中
despite the fact that the west is add chickens for most of its history.
弄清楚它们从哪里来其实也就是不久之前的事
It wasn’t until way later that we figured out where they came from.
好吧 那是一个蒙蔽世界的时代
Alright, man, it’s time to deafen to the world to the unknown.
我们将非常高兴地看到未知的历史谜题被解开
We are gonna see things delight which man has never laid eyes upon before.
但如果你够机灵
But if you keep your wits about you,
我们可以让他更生动一些
we just might make it have a few alive.
这花费了我们一些时间
Pay us these years
哦?是吗?
Oh? Where?
究竟怎么回事呢
What the hell?
当然鸡们承受这些压迫是没有回报的
Of course, having a constantly supercharge duteous was not without us drawbacks.
毕竟鸡们要每天都生蛋
After all, the chicken essentially goes through its entire mansuetude cycle every day.
因此下次你女朋友抱怨她的周期的时候
So next time your girlfriend complains about how bad her period it is,
拿一盒巧克力放在她的膝盖上
get her a box of chocolates to be generally attentive to her knees.
是的
Yep prick
总之 鸡和大多数卵生动物
Anyway, one thing with chickens and most other egg laying creators is that
它们只有一个叫做阴道的洞
they only have one hole in their which is called “Cloaca” I think
或者叫尿道
or “Clo-a-ca”.
粪道
“Cloac-a?”
因此这个器官像一个大熔炉
So the croatia basically acts like a farno
产蛋或排泄废物在同一个孔道
taking all the eggs and waste and sending it down the same shoot.
这听起来有些方便
And well, this might sound convenient at first,
有一个特别影响鸡的缺点
there is one filter disadvantage that affects chickens in particular.
有时 鸡蛋被卡住了
Sometimes, the egg can get stuck on its way out leading to a condition,
叫做挟蛋症
known as “Egg Binding”.
因此这意味着没有方法取出他来
And since this means that nothing can exit the colomodel anymore,
在很长一段时间里鸡蛋让鸡面临着卡死的风险
The egg bound chicken as of a dying of constipation of the course of couple days.
嗨 杰瑞 你还好吗
Hey, Jerry, how are you doing?
不好 肖恩
Not good, Shawn
不好
Not good.
哦 怎么了
Oh, man, what’s wrong?
波斯顿的珍妮卡蛋了
It’s just Burston’s Jenny got a bound.
情况非常紧张
Things ‘ve been so stressful.
皮特穿过了蛋壳
Peter expanses through the roof.
她的记忆对我来说很重要
And her memory means so much to me.
但如果这样完了
But if the build keeps coming in like this,
我确定我们一家无法处理它
I’m not sure my family will be able to handle it.
哦你知道他们说了什么
Well, hey, man, you know what they say.
不要把鸡蛋放在一个篮子里
Don’t put all your eggs in one casket.
好吧 只希望她没让蛋变小
Well, just hoped she doesn’t get egg zoomed.
-非常抱歉-不要再联系我和我的孩子了
-I am Sorry-Don’t ever contact me or my kids ever again
我明白了
I understand.
总之 这就是今天要说的了
Anyway, that’s all for today.
下次再聊 我是萨姆纳拉丝
Till next time, I’m Sam Nelas
谢谢您的观看
And thank you for watching.

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译制信息
视频概述

鸡年到了,想了解鸡的进化史吗?作者用幽默的语言帮你了解它。

听录译者

别雅不脱俗

翻译译者

宁为玉碎,不为瓦全

审核员

知易行难

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_NSekwyS4Ns

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