This is a RealLifeLore video, made possible by Hover.
登录hover.com/RealLifeLore 获取10%优惠 购买属于你自己的自定义域名和邮件地址
Get 10% off your custom domain or email from Hover at hover.com/RealLifeLore
瑞士是一个迷你的内陆国 毗邻法国 德国 意大利和奥地利
Switzerland is a tiny landlocked country surrounded by France, Germany, Italy and Austria.
If you’ve ever looked at a map of the European Union
you’ll notice an awkward blob in the middle which doesn’t belong to it
and that blob is Switzerland.
Switzerland is famously neutral
and in addition to not being a part of the EU, it’s also not a member of Nato
and it didn’t even join the United Nations until pretty recently in 2002.
事实上 瑞士非常中立 近200年来都没有参与过任何战争
In fact, Switzerland is so neutral that it hasn’t fought a single war in over 200 years.
The last one being against Napoleon in 1815.
All of this is despite the fact that Switzerland is in the middle of Europe
and surrounded by historically more aggressive countries.
So why is it that Switzerland has been such a stable and safe place for centuries?
The answer lies in understanding the geography of Switzerland.
The country can really be divided into three separate parts.
In the South are the Swiss Alps. A gigantic mountain range that covers most of Switzerland’s territory
and separates it from Italy and Austria.
To the West and North are the Jura Mountains
a range much smaller than the Alps but still large enough to separate the country from France.
And Finally there is the Swiss Plateau.
遍布起伏的丘陵 河流和湖泊 是大多数瑞士人的家园
A basin dotted by rolling hills Rivers and lakes that is home to most of Switzerland’s population.
因此相对于另外两处 瑞士的主要城市都坐落在这片区域 并不意外
It’s no accident that Switzerland’s major cities are all located in this region instead of the other two.
But it’s not as easy of a defensible position either.
Switzerland has long been a little paranoid about a foreign invasion
and it’s not without good reason.
第一次世界大战中 德国入侵羸弱的中立国比利时 进而进攻法国
In the first World War Germany invaded neutral Belgium in order to attack France in a more vulnerable position
and in the second World War Switzerland found herself in 1940 to be completely surrounded
by axis occupied territory and faced an imminent threat of invasion from Nazi Germany.
虽然危险并未降临 但直到冷战来临 面对苏联随时可能的入侵
The invasion never happened, but fears persisted into the Cold War of a potential Soviet invasion
and that attitude has never fully gone away
Switzerland’s plan for dealing with a potential invasion from anybody was called The National Redoubt
and it was essentially intended to make any possible enemy look at the map
观察瑞士 就会觉得:“算了吧 还是挑个容易点的打吧”
look at Switzerland and think to themselves: “No thanks, I’ll take over something a little easier instead”.
The first reason why is Switzerland continues to have mandatory male conscription
meaning that all men have to serve in the military for 170 days and receive basic training.
They enter into the reserves afterwards and keep their rifles at their home.
And although many get exemptions, Switzerland has the ability to mobilize over 200,000 soldiers
within 72 hours of an emergency being declared.
另外 国内的公路 大桥 隧道 铁路 都可以被远程遥控爆炸
In addition, every road, bridge, tunnel and railroad in the country has been designed in a way
that they can be remotely blown up to deny a possible invader from ever using them.
There are over 3000 of these points that can be blown up inside of the country
including entire mountain sides that can be detonated to cause a landslide to block off entire roads.
In addition to all of this, the modern Swiss military strategy has always been
to abandon the plateau and the city centers and retreat almost the entire military into the alpine region.
Here high in the mountains the swiss have built over 26,000 bunkers and fortified positions
ranging from anti-tank guns anti-air guns or machine gun nests.
这些武器都被伪装起来 像这个反坦克武器 看起来就像块石头
They are camouflaged like this anti-tank gun that looks like a rock
或者这些看起来是谷仓 其实左边藏有机枪 右边配备反坦克武器
or this barn that’s actually a machine-gun nest on the left and an anti-tank gun on the right
and both of these are connected by a tunnel underground.
There are camouflage positions like these all over the alpine region of Switzerland
which means that the entire country is basically one big booby trap.
An impregnable castle in the center of Europe.
This is why Switzerland has been able to remain neutral
throughout some of the most difficult times in European history.
But many now question the importance of this defensive and neutral mindset.
德国 奥地利 意大利还有法国如今都是欧盟成员
Germany, Austria, Italy and France are today all European Union member states
and have no militaristic intentions on conquering Switzerland.
The National Redoubt has seen many of its fortresses and bunkers turned into museums in the last Few years
and Switzerland is planning on downsizing its military from around 200,000
to only 80,000 by the year 2020.
But nonetheless, one place that Switzerland will always be
is the safest place in the world to possibly be at in the event of a global nuclear war.
This is because Switzerland is the only country in the World
to have enough nuclear fallout shelters to house their entire population.
In fact, Switzerland has enough fallout shelters to house 114% of their population.
Meaning that even in the event of a large refugee influx
the country would still have enough shelters to fit everybody inside of them.
All residential buildings inside of the country built after 1978 are mandated by law
建造一个核庇护所 确保即使距它700米之外发生12级爆炸 它也能安然无恙
to contain a nuclear shelter capable of surviving a 12 megaton blast from a distance of 700 meters away.
As of 2006, there are over 8.6 million fallout shelters located throughout the country
从类似这样的 普通房子大小 到修建在隧道中巨大的公共防护所
ranging in sizes like this in a normal house, up to gigantic public shelters built inside of tunnels
that can house over 2,000 people for over four months.
在针对瑞士的核武器袭击中 很有可能 全体人民
In the event of a nuclear attack on Switzerland it is possible that the entire population of the country
都撤退到地堡中 在爆炸过后 继续反击入侵者
could retreat to their bunkers and continue fighting off any invader after the bombs have exploded.
Not even nuclear weapons can conquer the fortress of Switzerland
and it has been said before that in the event of a global nuclear war
the only survivors would be the heads of state of a few countries, cockroaches
and 8.4 million Swiss citizens.
If a nuclear war ever does happen, then the swiss have enough bunkers for not only them
but a few friends to survive it all through with.
So remember this when it may become important later.
Switzerland is likely the safest place you could possibly be during the event of a nuclear war or World War 3.
Before you start making plans to visit though
It would be nice to let other people know about what you just learned.
如果可能的话 实名创建一个域名 像Switzerland.party这样的
Possibly by creating a domain with an accurate name, like switzerland.party
在Hover购买域名非常简单 还有多种多样的选择 比如.party或者.cool
Hover makes it incredibly easy to buy lots of different domains with fun extensions like .party or .cool
But even better, even if you don’t need a domain name, you can set up a custom email account instead.
有一个Switzerland.party邮件地址 别人要么会崇拜你 要么会觉得你疯了
With a switzerland.party email address people will think you’re either a hero or insane.
But both still sound fun.
在Hovor 多达400个域名可供挑选 还有一流的客户支持
For over 400 different domains to choose from and award-winning customer support
please make sure to visit hover.com/RealLifeLore for 10% off whatever domain or email your heart desires.
请点击这里 订阅此频道 观看以后的视频
Other than that please make sure to subscribe to my channel to stay updated with future videos by clicking here.
You can visit my patreon here if you’d like to directly support the channel
and I hope to see you next Friday for another brand new video then.