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为什么你应该读读狄更斯 – 译学馆
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为什么你应该读读狄更斯

Why should you read Charles Dickens? - Iseult Gillespie

饥肠辘辘的孤儿在寻找着残羹冷炙
The starving orphan seekinga second helping of gruel.
老姑娘日渐衰弱 穿着破烂的结婚礼服
The spinster wasting awayin her tattered wedding dress.
铁石心肠的守财奴被过去圣诞节的鬼魂所迷惑
The stone-hearted miser plaguedby the ghost of Christmas past.
在查尔斯•狄更斯离世的一个多世纪后
More than a century after his death,
这些仍是其作品中依稀可辨的人物
these remain recognizable figuresfrom the work of Charles Dickens.
“抗争”是他作品的主旨 这为作品本身带来不一样的评价
So striking is his body of work that it gave rise to its own adjective.
但使狄更斯的作品不同寻常的特征是什么呢
But what are the features of Dickens’s writing that make it so special?
狄更斯通过情节的设定 剧情的转折及神秘事物
Dickens’s fiction brims with anticipation
使其小说充满了希望
through brooding settings,plot twists, and mysteries.
作品的这些特征使他的读者期望读到更多的内容
These features of his work kepthis audience wanting more.
小说发表伊始 他的故事就被连载了
When first published,his stories were serialized,
就是说小说会在负担得起的文学期刊上
meaning they were released a few chapters
一次发表几个章节
at a time in affordable literary journals
而且刚好比印刷成书稍早些
and only later reprinted as books.
这通过(连载小说的)悬念及他留下的暗示
This prompted fevered speculationover the cliffhangers
引发了激动人心的推测
and revelations he devised.
连载长篇不仅向广大读者提供了小说
Serialization not only made fictionavailable to a wider audience
使他们持续读下去 而且围绕作者本人的大肆宣传也有增无减
and kept them reading, but increased the hype around the author himself.
狄更斯因其才智而变得非常地流行
Dickens became particularly popularfor his wit,
他笔耕不辍的塑造各种人物并构思出讽刺的故事情节
which he poured into quirky charactersand satiric scenarios.
他的人物展现了人们行为的荒诞不经
His characters exhibit the sheerabsurdity of human behavior,
而且他们的名字通常是性格或社会地位的象征
and their names often personifytraits or social positions,
就像被蹂躏的鲍勃•克拉特基特
like the downtrodden Bob Cratchit,
卑躬屈膝的尤赖亚•希普
the groveling Uriah Heap,
以及活泼的赛普蒂默斯•克里斯帕克
and the cheery Septimus Crisparkle.
狄更斯构思出这些多彩的人物形象来对抗错综复杂的社会环境
Dickens set these colorful charactersagainst intricate social backdrops,
也是在模仿他自己生活的社会
which mimic the society he lived in.
比如 他始终认为变革是工业革命引起的
For instance, he often considered the changes brought about by the Industrial Revolution.
在那个年代 底层人民从事肮脏的工作 居住于恶劣的生存环境
During this period, the lower classes experienced sordid working and living conditions.
狄更斯本人在孩提时代也曾体验过这种苦难
Dickens himself experiencedthis hardship as a child
当他的爸爸被送进债主的牢房后
when he was forced to work ina boot blacking factory
他被迫在一家鞋油作坊做工
after his father was sentto debtors’ prison.
这影响了他在《小杜丽》中对马歇尔希监狱的描写
This influenced his depictionof the Marshalsea prison in Little Dorrit,
在那儿 这位小说主人公照顾她犯罪的父亲
where the titular character caresfor her convict father.
监狱 孤儿院或贫民窟可以看作是为小说设定的冷酷的场景
Prisons, orphanages, or slumsmay seem grim settings for a story,
但它们有助于狄更斯阐述
but they allowed Dickens to shed light
同时代最不显眼的人们是怎么生活的
on how his society’s most invisible people lived.
在《尼古拉斯•尼克贝》中 尼古拉斯和校长沃夫德•士括尔斯一起工作
In Nicholas Nickleby, Nicholas takes a job with the schoolmaster Wackford Squeers.
他不久后意识到 士括尔斯正在布置一场骗局
He soon realizes that Squeersis running a scam
他花些钱把被父母抛弃的孩子领来
where he takes unwanted childrenfrom their parents for a fee
并使他们屈从于暴力和贫困
and subjects them to violenceand deprivation.
奥利弗•特威斯特也要应对(教区)当局“照料”下
Oliver Twist also deals with the plight of children
孩子们(面临)的困境
in the care of the state,
描绘了济贫院的残酷现状
illustrating the brutal conditions ofthe workhouse
在那儿 奥利弗向邦布尔先生乞求食物
in which Oliver pleadswith Mr. Bumble for food.
当他逃往伦敦时 落入了罪恶的黑社会的罗网
When he flees to London, he becomes ensnared in a criminal underworld.
这些故事经常把维多利亚时代
These stories frequently portrayVictorian life
描绘成肮脏 腐朽 残忍的样子
as grimy, corrupt, and cruel.
但狄更斯同时也把他所处的时代
But Dickens also saw his time
看作传统消亡的时代
as one in which old traditions were fading away.
伦敦正通过工业的新形式 交易及社会流动
London was becomingthe incubator of the modern world
成为现代世界的孵化器
through new patterns in industry,trade, and social mobility.
狄更斯笔下的伦敦是个二元空间:
Dickens’s London is thereforea dualistic space:
苦难的 同时充斥着奇迹和各种可能的世界
a harsh world that is simultaneouslyfilled with wonder and possibility.
比如 《远大前程》中 围绕皮普
For instance, the enigmaof Great Expectations
未来可能性的谜团
centers around the potential of Pip,
一个孤儿 因不愿留名的恩人的提携
an orphan plucked from obscurityby an anonymous benefactor
而步入上流社会
and propelled into high society.
在他追寻目标的过程中
In his search for purpose,
皮普成了别人利用的工具
Pip becomes the victim of other people ’ s ambitions for him
还必须与肮脏的角色商谈
and must negotiate witha shadowy cast of characters.
就像狄更斯的很多主角一样
Like many of Dickens’s protagonists,
可怜的皮普的地位朝不保夕
poor Pip’s positionis constantly destabilized,
这就是阅读狄更斯
just one of the reasonswhy reading Dickens
对读者来说是最美好的时光
is the best of times for the reader,
但对其小说人物来说是最坏的时光的原因之一
while being the worst of times for his characters.
狄更斯通常会在小说的结尾给出明确的解决方案
Dickens typically offered clearresolution by the end of his novels,
《艾德温•德鲁德之谜》是个例外
– with the exception ofThe Mystery of Edwin Drood.
小说详细介绍了孤儿艾德温消失在谜一样的环境下
The novel details the disappearance of the orphan Edwin under puzzling circumstances. However,
然而 狄更斯在小说完成前不幸离世
Dickens died before the novelwas finished
且没能留下解决这一谜团的只言片语
and left no notes resolving the mystery.
读者继续就狄更斯
Readers continue to passionately debate
打算把谁当作凶手而热情地讨论着
over who Dickens intended as the murderer,
“艾德温•德鲁德是不是一开始就被谋杀了”
and whether Edwin Droodwas even murdered in the first place.
经多次改编 向文学致敬 其小说的文稿
Throughout many adaptations, literary homages, and the pages of his novels,
狄更斯具有启迪作用的语言及全景的世界观
Dickens ’ s sparkling language and panoramic worldview
继续引起共鸣 今天
continue to resonate. Today,
形容词“狄更斯式的形容词”经常指肮脏的工作或生存状况
the adjective Dickensian often implies squalid workingor living conditions.
但描述一部小说是“狄更斯式的” 则完全是一种很高的评价
But to describe a novel asDickensian is typically high praise,
它意味着 真正的冒险和发现
as it suggests a story in which trueadventure and discovery
发生在最意想不到的地方
occur in the most unexpected places.
尽管经常尝试冷僻的题材
Although he often explored bleak material,
狄更斯的洞察力永远能在最黑暗的角落寻得光亮
Dickens ’ s piercing wit never failed to find light in the darkest corners.

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视频概述

狄更斯是十九世纪中叶英国著名的作家。他笔下诞生了很多栩栩如生的角色,通过对他们的了解,我们能很好的了解维多利亚时代的英国究竟是什么样子。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

启点—飞雪群山

审核员

审核员1024

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5czA_L_eOp4

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