One of the biggest surprises of the Internet is we thought when the Internet came out it
would provide everyone new fundamental tools to learn about the world around them, and
it would actually remove the censorship and information that we get.
Before the Internet we used to get our news from three TV stations and it was carefully
edited and carefully described, and after the Internet came out you could search news
sources from around the world—great!
The problem is the Internet also became a source of misinformation.
There’s that very famous cartoon that says, “On the Internet no one knows if you’re
a dog,” with a dog typing on a typewriter.
You don’t know the source of your information, which is the beauty of it.
It was the reason it was actually created by particle physicist
working at the Large Hadron Collider
or at least CERN the laboratory where that now is
because thousands of physicists
needed to communicate with information without caring about where the source came from.
But the fact that the source is shielded is,
is of course, a great concern nowadays in the
political world among other things,
and so we have to think about ways that we can address that.
如今 显然 信息提供者也可以尝试解决这个问题
Now, of course, information providers can try and work on that too
but we basically all have our own responsibility
to become our own filters.
We have, and that’s why it seems to me
the educational system has to provide those tools
those filtering tools.
And that’s one of the reasons why I think science is so important
because of its built-in filtering tools.
It recognizes that we all want to believe
and as Richard Feynman said, “The person you have to question most is yourself.”
Knowing that you want to believe when you read something that validates your beliefs,
你应该质疑这则信息 质疑你自己的观点的 并应该去看看别的观点
you should be skeptical of it and your beliefs and you should look out for other sources.
So we have to train people that one source on the Internet is not good enough
you have to search broadly to see if it’s validated.
More over, you have to empirically test those ideas.
If claims are made, you could look out and
look at the data to see if those claims are validated.
We all have this new responsibility, because we have a sudden wealth of information
to become our own filters.
And I can’t see any way that we can move into an Internet-guided world
where democracy remains vibrant
if the public doesn’t have the tools to distinguish sense from nonsense.
And for me that’s one of the reasons why I talk about science
because I think it provides us one of the key tools to do that.
One things seems very clear to me:
education should not be left to private enterprise anymore
than police or fire or military or in my opinion health
because they’re fundamental rights of people
And in a society that has the financial resources to provide individuals a safe and secure environment,
which is really what government is all about, part of that is to educate young people.
It’s a right for every young person in a society
in a modern advanced industrial society,
to receive an education.
And that means not that we can’t have the option of private education
but we have to ensure that students are provided opportunities
to become the most productive adults
they can be in a modern complex society.
That by the way doesn’t mean treating science and other things as purely information
that’s a mistake.
We used to feel that schools were places that imparted information.
Well, I can get more information in my cell phone now than I could in any school
but I could also get more misinformation.
What we need to recognize is that science is not just a bunch of facts
but it’s a process for deriving facts.
and it’s a process to tell sense from nonsense.
What we need to provide students nowadays
is a filter that they can use to assess all
all the information and misinformation they’re barraged with
so they can become responsible citizens.
And that filter involves teaching kids how to question.
Questioning is more important than answering
It seems to me
when it comes to school we should teach kids how to question
and say let’s see how we could get the answer
let’s skeptically ask questions, let’s test our ideas
let’s search through many sources.
Now, this should be the basis of any child’s education today, and that’s public or private,
but the government, of course, has to assure that students have at least equal opportunity.
Students are going to achieve differently, but at least have equal opportunity access
And that means we have to be able to account for all possible private education systems,
some of which are frankly designed to keep students from thinking, to keep students believing
some myth that may have existed a long time ago for fear that understanding how the universe
really works might undermine their faith.
Well doing that is child abuse, because we’re withholding literally resources that will
help children become more effective adults.
And so there’s a very important role in government to ensure that all kids have equal opportunity
access to the process by which we gain information.
And then as they go out in the outside world they’ll get lots of information.
我获得了博士学位 但我要说即使在物理领域 大多数我所知道的都是在我
I received a PhD, but I will say even in physics most of what I know now I learned after I
got my PhD.