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为什么拍摄夜间亮灯的埃菲尔铁塔是违法行为? – 译学馆
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为什么拍摄夜间亮灯的埃菲尔铁塔是违法行为?

Why Photos of the Eiffel Tower at Night are Illegal

本视频由Squarespace制作
This video was made possible by Squarespace.
在squarespace.com/hai创建你的网站可以享受10%的折扣
Build your website for 10% off over at squarespace.com/hai
如果你像我一样浏览视频素材网站娱乐
If you recreationally browse stock footage sites like me,
你可能会注意到
you might have noticed something.
你几乎找不到关于巴黎铁塔夜间的影像
You can almost never find videos of the Eiffel Tower at night.
这有一个很好的解释 因为这是违法的
And there is a good reason for that. They’re illegal.
这个视频吗?是完全合法的
This video? Fully legal.
这个?哦 我不能给你看
This one? Well, I can’t show it to you
因为这是百分百违法的
because it’s 100% unequivocally illegal.
这一切都因涉及到了法国版权的怪癖
It all has to deal with a bit of quirk in French copyright law.
首先 来个版权法的速成课
But first, a copyright law crash course.
等一下 有版权吗?
Wait a minute. Is that copyrighted?
至少他们的商标和缩略图有 横幅……
Well their logo is at least and their thumbnails too, and banner…
天哪……抱歉 格林兄弟 这要怪动画师
Gosh… Sorry green brothers, blame the animator.
版权法基本上赋予了创作者销售和分销的特有权
Copyright law basically gives the original creator of a thing exclusive right to its sale and distribution
只要他活着 还会多加个额外的时间
for as long as he lives plus a certain amount of time.
在巴基斯坦 时间是50年
In Pakistan, it’s 50 years.
委内瑞拉 60年
And in Venezuela, it’s 60.
牙买加 95年
In Jamaica, it’s 95.
这些国家的平均年限是70年
But in all of these countries, it’s 70.
也包括欧盟
That includes the European Union
根据版权法 或多或少是按照国家来操作的
which, with copyright law, more or less operates as one country.
欧盟版权法有一个关于全景自由的重要免责条款
One of the major exceptions to EU copyright law is the freedom of panorama.
事实上 我可以合法地给你看伦敦全景
Basically, I can legally show you this view of the London’s skyline
尽管图中有大量版权物
even though there are plenty of copyrighted things in this view.
在版权法的规定中
For the purposes of copyright,
建筑物被归为艺术品
buildings are classified as artistic works.
这些建筑和电影 音乐 还有这个视频一样被保护着
These buildings have the exact same protections as a movie, a song, or this very Youtube video.
如果你没有付给原创者费用 你就不能复制它
You can’t just go and build an exact replica of the London Eye without paying the original architects.
但你可以拍下它的视频 因为这是被允许的
But you can take a video of it because of that freedom of panorama.
事实上 任何在英国或欧盟公众场合可以看到的建筑物
Essentially, anything you see outside in public in the UK and much of the European Union
都可以录制 重制和贩卖
can be filmed, reproduced, and sold.
但是有例外
But there are exceptions.
最显著的是法国
Most notably, France.
欧盟允许它的成员国
The European Union allows its members
有不能拍摄版权物全景的自由
to not have a freedom of panorama laws in their copyright laws.
因此法国没有这样的“自由”
So France doesn’t have one.
到了2016年 你可以拍版权物的
As of 2016, you are allowed to take images and videos
照片和视频供个人使用
of copyrighted buildings for personal use.
但有一些商人违法使用它
But any commercial use is copyright violation.
这意味展示这个视频也是有风险的
That means showing this video is risky,
模糊处理下 这个 这个 这这……
or have to blur out this, this, this, this, this, this and this.
这些处理建筑物都由那些还活着
These blurred buildings were all probably designed by architects
或者死未超过70年的建造师建造的
that are either alive or died within the last 70 years.
所以 这些还是版权物
So they still are copyrighted.
要是我展示了这个用作商业用途
And the architects could sue me if I had shown them
他们完全可以控告我
since this video is commercial use.
回到埃菲尔铁塔
So back to the Eiffel Tower,
通过谷歌评论家
which according to this Google reviewer,
是“风大 如果是美国人 我们会停下所有的风”
is “To windy. If it was American we would stop all the wind.”
现在我们知道 真正的问题是
Knowing what we now know, the real question is,
为什么展示白天的铁塔是合法的?
Why is it even legal to show the Eiffel Tower during the day?
嗯 这是个很经典的问题
Well, it’s very old.
古斯塔夫·埃菲尔实际并未设计巴黎铁塔
Gustave Eiffel actually didn’t designed the Eiffel Tower.
他是从斯蒂芬和他的雇员
He bought the design from Stephen Sauvestre
莫里斯和埃米尔那买来的 他们才是
with his employees Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier,
真正的铁塔设计者
actually designed the tower.
然而 埃菲尔买下图纸也就意味着买下了版权
Nonetheless, when Eiffel bought the design, he bought the copyright, too,
埃菲尔是在1923年去世的
but then he died in 1923.
70年后 即1993年 铁塔版权
70 years after that, in 1993, the copyright lapsed,
就像其他艺术家的作品一样失效了
just like with any other artistic work.
埃菲尔铁塔的外形和其他设计
So, the Eiffel Tower, its likeness, its design
均成为公众产业
everything is in the public domain.
所以这些街上卖的铁塔的复制品
All those Eiffel Tower replicas sold on the streets of Paris
是完全合法的
are actually, surprisingly, fully legal.
然而 铁塔的灯是到1985年才装上
However, the lights on the Eiffel Tower weren’t installed until 1985.
从它们被认为是艺术品开始到现在
Therefore, since they’re considerably artistic work,
它们还是版权物
they are well within their copyright term.
因此 任何在能看到夜晚灯的铁塔照片
For this reason, any photo taken at night when the lights are visible
都是违法的版权物生产
is an illegal reproduction of a copyrighted work.
埃菲尔铁塔不是唯一的例子
The Eiffel Tower isn’t the only example of this.
我也不能给你看胡夫金字塔
I can’t show you the Pyramid of the Khufu,
哥本哈根的美人鱼雕像
the mermaid statue in Copenhagen,
甚至是罗马的主火车站
or even the main train station in Rome.
事实上 铁塔的版权从未被法院强制要求过
In reality, the Eiffel Tower’s copyright has never been in force in court.
但这随时都可以有变化
But at any moment, that could change
你可能会因为你的假期照片而去监狱喝茶
and you could go to jail for your holiday photo.
如果你在找一个上传非法欧洲地标照片的黑市的方式
If you’re looking for a way to set up an illegal black market stock photo site for European landmarks
请不要在这里 否则我绝对会收到一封令人愤怒的邮件
Then please don’t use Squarespace because I’m sure I’d get an angry email.
如果你在找一个网站搜什么东西
If you’re looking for a website for anything else, though,
你可以用Squarespace
you should definitly use Squarespace.
你之前可能听说过我们
You’ve probably heard of their page before,
漂亮的可定制的模板
beautiful customizable templates,
24-7顾客支持奖项获得者
24-7 award-winning customer support,
机内研究引擎最佳
built-in research engine optimization,
但是你可能没注意到 这些都是免费的
but what you might not realize is that you can try all of these for free
甚至不用提供你的信用卡信息
without even giving your credit card info,
你就可以看到所有的宣传是什么
so you can see what all the hype is about.
你可以免费在squarespace.com/hai
You can get that free trial over squarespace.com/hai
当你决定购买时 你将得到9折优惠
And when you do decide to buy, you’ll get a 10% off your order.
他们制作了这个
They make the show possible
所以 至少看一下squarespace.com/hai
so please go at least check them out over at squarespace.com/hai

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关于奇怪的版权法 为什么夜间亮灯的埃菲尔铁塔不可以拍呢

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小卷毛二爷

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=M16CGK1T9MM

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