Graham Shaw 为什么人们认为他们不能画画 – 怎么证明他们可以？
Hi, I’ve got a question for you:
how many people here would say they can draw?
I think we’ve got about one or two percent
of the hands going up,
and it’s interesting, isn’t it?
It’s a little bit like people thinkof spelling or singing.
“你或者会 或者不会 ”
They think,”You can eitherdo it, or you can’t.”
But I think you can.
Because when people say they can’t draw,
I think it’s more to do with beliefs rather than talent and ability.
So I think when you say you can’t draw,
that’s just an illusion,
and today I’d like to prove that to you.
When I say”draw”,
I’m not saying we’re all goingto draw like Michelangelo.
We are not going to be paintingthe Sistine Chapel’s ceiling.
But would you be happy if,
by the end of this session,
you could draw picturesa little bit like this?
(Audience murmuring) Oh, yes!
Or even a little bit like this?
there are only two things you
need to do to be able to achieve this.
首先 要解放思想 你们能做到吗？
One is have an open mind.Are you up for that?
And two, just be prepared to have a go.
So grab a pen and a piece of paper. OK,
so here’s how it’s going to work:
I’ll show you the first cartoonwe’re going to do,
so just watch to begin with.
Here we go.
That’s going to be our first cartoon.
It’s a character called Spike.
I’d like you to draw along with me.
I’ll draw the first line, you draw,
and when you’ve done that, look up,
and I’ll know you’re readyfor the next line. Okay,
here we go.
Start with the nose.
Now the eyes.
They’re like 66s or speech marks.
That’s it. Next,
the mouth. Nice, big smile. Now,
over here, the ear. Next,
some spiky hair. Next,
put the pen to the left to the mouth,
little line like that.
Pen under the ear, drop a line like that.
Pen to the left of the neck,top of the T-shirt.
Line to the left, line to the right.
Just hold your drawings upand show everyone.
How are we all doing?
it looks like you’ve just learnedto draw one cartoon,
but you’ve actually learnedmore than that;
you’ve learned a sequencethat would enable you
to draw hundreds and thousandsof different cartoons,
because we’re just going to dolittle variations on that sequence.
Have a go at this.
Draw along with me.
Now some hair.
Pen to the left of the mouth,
under the hair,
little V-shape for the top, line to the left,
line to the right.
So we’ve got another character.Let’s call her Thelma.
we’ve got Spike and Thelma.
Let’s try another one. Here we go.
Another little variation.You’re getting the idea.
Starting with the nose.
But this time we’ll changethe eyes slightly. Look,
two circles together like that.
That’s it. Then,
two little dots in for the eyes.
And this time we’ll changethe mouth slightly. Watch.
Little circle colored in there.
Have a go at that. Next,
the ear. Now,
we’ll have some funwith the hair, watch.
Nice curly hair.
Then same thing: pen to the left to the mouth,
little line like that.
Under the ear, drop a line.
Top of the T-shirt.
Line to the left, line to the right.
I think we’ll call him Jeff.
We’ll do one more.
One more go. Here we go.
You’re getting the idea.
So we’ll start with a nose again.
Notice we’re doing little variations.
Now we’ll change the eyes,so we’ve got them apart.
We’ll put some little dots in like that. Next,
the mouth slightly different.
Let’s put a little V-shape like that.
And a little line across,
and we’ll just color this a little bit in. Now,
watch this bit carefully;some hair, watch.
Here we go, little line like that. Next,
a bit more there.
And watch, a couple of trianglesto make a little bow.
Triangle at the bottom, rest of the hair.
Pen to the left of the mouth again.
You get the idea.
Drop a line for the neck.
Now the V-shape.
Line to the left, line to the right.
There we go.
Let’s call her Pam.
So you’ve done…
So you’ve done four cartoons.
You can have a little rest now.
Take a rest.
You’re getting the idea.All we’re doing is little variations.
I’ll just demonstrate a couple to you.
We could go on all day, couldn’t we?
You could do someonelooking unhappy, a bit like that,
or you could experiment with,perhaps, someone who is…
just draw a straight line,someone looking a bit fed up.
Or perhaps, you could do anything you like, really,
just try things out.
Look at this. Little squiggle.There we are. So,
all sorts of things we could do. Actually,
one more I’ll let you do,one more idea.
This is a great little technique.
Have a go at this: people with glasses on.
Just draw a nose a bit like Spike’s. Next,
draw some frames,
so two circles like thatwith a little bit in between. Now,
之间一小道现在 只要在里面加上两点 代表眼睛
just put some dotsinside for the eyes like that. Next,
So it’s little bit like we did before,
but this time we’ll join up the frames.
That’s it. Watch this bit.
And this bit I really like. Watch.
And then, little bit there.
Pencil under the mustache, line down,
top of the shirt, left and right.
So there we have it.We could carry on, couldn’t we? Hopefully,
we’ve done enoughto convince you
that in fact we can all draw.
And not just people here.I’ve worked with…
I’m going to give you three examples
of other people who’ve learned to draw,
and that actually surprised them, too.
I’m going to savewhat I think is my favorite,
most surprising example until last.
The first example is:
I’ve worked a lot with children and students in schools.
Actually the little ones,they just draw fine,
but when they get to about 15 or 16,
most of them think they can’t draw.
But I worked with them.
I worked this week in a school
where I was coaching themon using pictures for memory.
A girl was trying to rememberwhat red blood cells do,
and she drew this little picture
of a red blood cell carrying a handbag
with O2 on it
to remind her that the red blood cells
carry oxygen to all parts of the body.
That was a great one.
The other people I worked
with are many adults in all walks of life,
and particularly in business,
and they often will wantto make presentations memorable.
So again, a quick cartoon or sketch could be really good for that.
And again, most people think they can’t draw,
but take this example.
Couple of wavy lines,
little boat could be a metaphor to represent we’re all in this together.
So that, if that was just drawnin the presentation,
would really stayin the memory, wouldn’t it?
But the third example is –
you shouldn’t have favorites, should you?
This is my favorite.
Have you ever been at the party when someone asks you what you do?
It gets a little bit skepticalwhen people ask me that.
This lady said to me, well –
I said,” I do a little bit of training,
and I teach people to draw,”
and she said,
” Would you come along and do some for our group?”
她说 “她和一些人一起工作” -她是志愿者-
She said,”I work with some people”- she was a volunteer –
a group of peoplewho have suffered strokes.
所以我说 “当然可以 我可以花一些时间做培训”
So I said,”Sure, I could sparesome time for that.”
So I said I would,and I booked the time in.
Have you ever done that?
You get near of that time
and you think,”What have I let myself in for here?”
“Will I be able to do it?”
I thought,”What could Ido with them?” you see.
你们明白我知道 我要画我的卡通画 他们应该喜欢但是
“I know. I’ll do my cartoon drawing.They’ll like that.”
But then, as I got near of the time,
I got more apprehensive,
because then I was thinking,
“I’ve worked with children,with all sorts of adults;
I’ve never worked with a group like this.”
It turns out it was all part of a charity called TALK.
This TALK charity is a wonderful
charity that helps people who’ve suffered strokes,
but have a particular conditionknown as aphasia.
You might have heard of aphasia,sometimes called dysphasia.
The key thing is it affectstheir ability to communicate. So,
for example, they might have trouble reading,
写 说 或者理解上面
writing, speaking,or understanding.
It can be quite an isolating condition;
it can be very,
very frustrating and can lead to a loss of confidence. Anyway,
so I prepared all this stuff,
what to do for this session
– for a couple of hours,
tea break in the middle –
and I got more apprehensive.
But actually, I needn’t have worried,
because I’m going to show you now the work that they did.
It was one of the best thingsI’ve ever done.
I’m going to show you the first slide.
I taught them Spike,just like I did for you,
and I want you to see the reaction
on their faces when they did this.
What you can see hereare two of the stroke recoverers
on the left and right,
and one of the volunteer helpers in the center.
Each stroke recoverer, there are about 36
in the room with volunteers as well,
there’s one-to-one helpers.
You can just see the delighton their faces, can’t you?
Let’s look at another picture.
This is a gentleman called David,
and he’s holding up his picture,
and you can tell it was the picture of Spike, can’t you?
In fact, I think he’s drawn Spikeeven better there.
But what I didn’t realizeuntil even after the session
was that the number of the people
in this session, including David,
were drawing with their wrong hand.
David’s stroke meant
that it affected the right side of his body,
and he drew with his left hand,as many did.
Nobody mentioned it to me,nobody complained.
They just got on with it.
It was an inspirational session for me.
It was quite a humbling session,
one of the best thingsI felt I’ve ever done.
At the end of it,
I had a lovely email from doctor Mike Jordan,
and he’s the chair of the TALK group;
happens to be a medical doctor,
but he’s the chair of the group.
我这里引用他写给我的 他说 ”
He wrote to me, and I’m quoting, he said,
“ Our recoverers learned today that they can draw.
It’s a bit more than that;
this sort of activity really builds their confidence.”
所以当时我很高兴 他也很高兴 每个人都很高兴
So I was happy, he was happy,everyone was happy,
they’ve invited me back again,
and I go in there now about every three or four months.
So it’s great.
I thoughtthat was a lovely example to share.
Fancy one more drawing?
Here we go. Grab your pens.
Here we go. Right.
I’m going to get you to draw someone that you would recognize.
So start with a big nose,a bit like Spike’s. Next,
we’ll do some eyes,and you might be thinking,
“This is also a bit like Spike.”
Watch the next bit.
You’re getting warm.
There you go.
Little line down there.
Little V-shape,line to the left, line to the right.
And you’ve got Albert Einstein.
So you’ve got the pens with you,
you’ve proved that you can draw.
You’re very welcometo take the pens with you
and have a practice at home, even show somebody else.
But actually, I’d like to leave youwith a final thought.
When you walked in here today,
many of you didn’t believeyou could draw.
I’ve got a question for you about that.
How many other beliefsand limiting thoughts
do we all carry around with us every day?
Beliefs that we could perhapspotentially challenge
and think differently about.
If we did challenge those beliefsand think differently about them,
apart from drawing, what elsewould be possible for us all?
Thank you very much.