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为什么大部分的人格测试都是错的 – 译学馆
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为什么大部分的人格测试都是错的

Why Most Personality Tests Are Wrong

现在 当你第一眼看到我
Now when you first meet me you might not realise
你可能不会想到我的个性和冰咖啡很配
that my personality matches iced coffee, my
我的心理年龄达到71岁 我的性格属于ENFP
mental age is 71 years old, I’m an ENFPand…
我还是灰狗
I’m also a greyhound.
如果让我跑步的话 我猜也许会更明显
If I was running I guess it would become more obvious.
我们如此沉迷于性格分类测试
We’re fascinated with this idea of personalitytyping.
但是纵观历史
But throughout history it’s been fraught
人们担心性格测试是垃圾科学
with junk science and results that can’t
其结果也是不可复制的
be replicated.
那么 所有的性格测试都有问题吗
So… are all personality tests wrong?
现在 我们尝试用
Now, we’ve tried to explain personality
大脑里的任何东西甚至是生日
from using everything from lumps on your head
来解释性格
to your birthday.
星座是一种非常普遍的
The signs of the zodiac are a surprisingly common type
性格测试类型
of “ personality typing ”, by
它根据人们的出生月份来区分性格
trying to group people according to the monthyou’re born.
但是 很抱歉 如果你热爱占星术 我们都知道它不是科学
But… sorry if you love astrology… we knowit’s not science.
2003年发表的一篇论文中
In a paper published in 2003,
科学家们观察了2000多个婴儿
scientists looked at over 2,000 babies, many were born at the
他们大多出生在同一天的同一时间
same time on the same day.
研究者把它们称为时间双胞胎 并对其发展观测了数十年
They called them “ time twins ” and their development was monitored for decades.
该研究观测了诸如渴望 情商 社交等事项
The research looked at things like anxiety, IQ, sociability,
甚至婚姻状况
and even marital status,
以及占星家根据生日记录占卜出的所有特征
all things that astrologers claim to readon a birth chart.
但是他们的性格并不相似
But they didn’t have similar personalities,
占星家们试图从表格中解读预示
and astrologers who attempted to “ read ”
实际上和碰运气一样
their signs did no better than chance.
每个人在成长中形成了自己独特的个性
Everyone grew up into their own unique personality,
这和星相无关
and the stars had nothing to do with it.
某些早期心理学家尝试用另一种方法解释性格
Some early psychologists tried a differentapproach.
你可能听说过CarlJung
You may have heard of Carl Jung,
他看起来非常严肃
who looks very serious and had the idea that you could
他认为可以基于四个维度
describe an individual’s personality based
来描述个体的性格特征
on where they fell on four spectrums:
思想维度 情感维度
the thinking spectrum, the feeling spectrum,
感觉维度和直觉维度
the sensation spectrum, and the intuition
之后
spectrum. Later,
Briggs和Myers采用了这一想法
Briggs and Myers adapted this idea
并将其应用在Myers-Briggs类型指示中
into the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, where
这一测试包含8种人格特征 共四组
there are eight personality characteristics,in four either-or pairs.
你要么是内向的人 要么是外向的人
You’re either an introvert, or an extrovert.
你要么依靠理智 要么依赖直觉
You either sense or intuit things.
你要么是思考型要么是感觉型 或者要么是感知型要么是批判型
You’re either thinking or feeling, perceivingor judging.
这意味着人们有16种性格特征
This means there are 16 personality
和方法来审视
types and ways that people view and interact with
和联系世界
the world.
这听起来并没有那么科学 理想的是
And it’s also not scientifically sound. Ideally,
任何性格测试应该一直保持一致性
any personality test would show consistent results over time,
但是当许多人隔5周
but when a bunch of people
再次使用Myers-Briggs测试时
took the Myers-Briggs test twice, five weeks apart,
约百分之五十的人在第二次测试中
about 50 % of them were a different
得到了另一种不同的性格类型
personality type the second time around.
但是更重要的是
But more importantly,
Myers-Briggs的性格类型测试并没有任何现实预测能力
the Myers-Briggs test doesn’t have any real predictive power.
研究观察人们在不同情境中的反应
Studies looking at how people respond
显示出你的选择和行为
to different situations show that your choices and behaviour
无法被你的Myers-Briggs性格类型所解释
can’t be explained by your Myers-Briggs type,
也无法解释人们在工作中的表现
neither can how well people perform
或者人们选择的工作类型
at their jobs, or the types of jobs that peoplechoose.
所以把这些截图下来并发送给下一个你遇到的
Screenshot this and send it to the next person you come
想在约会的时候
across that has their Myers-Briggs
运用Myers-Briggs性格类型测试的人
type in their dating profile.
合适 尽责 是更好的指示器
Factors like agreeableness and conscientiousness are better indicators,
这将我们引入
which brings us to
五大类人格特征的因素
the Big Five.
这是最精确的人格测试
It’s the most accurate personality test
根据科学来看五大人格
according to science and looks at five main traits:
率真 负责 外向 一致 敏感
Openness, Conscientiousness, Extraversion,Agreeableness, and Neuroticism.
每一个人都在一定程度上拥有以上5种特征
Everyone has each of these five traits to some degree,
但是每个人的这些特征
but the extent of these traits
在程度上各有不同
varies from person to person.
这种类型测试并不是将每个人归类于12或16组性格类别中
Rather than lumping everybody into one of 12 or 16 groups,
它观测
this type of test looks at
我们每种性格特征所占的范围
where we each fall on a spectrum of personality.
再比较其他类型的人格测试
Compared to any other personality test out there,
这五大人格
the big five gives the most consistent
是最一致且有效的结果
and valid results,
意味着这方法确实有一定的能力
meaning it actually has some ability to predict how you’ll behave
预测你在工作环境中的表现或者人际关系
in work situations, or in your relationships.
所以把这个截图下来并且发给你的爱人
Screenshot this and send it to your crushwith no context.
我们对这些人格类型的想法着迷
We’re fascinated with this idea of a personality type
因为我们想要定义我们的相同点和不同点
because we want to define how we’re
让我们融入这个世界
similar and different and fit into the world.
但你并不是一种固定的”类型”
But you’re not a static “ type ”
没有任何证据表明
and there’s no evidence tests like the Myers-Briggs are
Myers-Briggs测试是精确的
accurate.
我们能看到的是你所表现的人格特征
What we can see is where you sit on a spectrum of personality traits.
这个方法更为有力因为你的人格特征影响你的表现
And this can be really powerful because your personality traits can influence your well-being.
那些更加和蔼可亲 认真尽责的人们
People who are more agreeable and conscientious, for example,
比如说 追求着更高生活品质的人
tend to experience higher life
往往更加快乐
satisfaction and report feeling happier moreoften.
但是研究同样发现你的表现也影响着你的人格特征
But research has also found that your well-being can influence your personality traits.
所以如果你想要变得更加和蔼可亲 认真负责
So if you want to be more agreeable and conscientious,
你可以尝试通过练习如何感激
you can try to boost your well-being by practicing
让自己成为最希望的样子来增加你的人格特征
gratitude as well as visualising your bestpossible self.
即使网上简单的人格测试是错误的
While easy personality tests you can find online are wrong,
但五大人格特征
the big five is the most
也还是最科学的分类
scientifically sound.
它能帮助你了解自己
It can tell you some information about who you are,
更重要的 你可以通过它
but more so, you can use it to help
将自己塑造成你想要成为的样子
shape who youwant to become.

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