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为什么说钱能买来幸福? – 译学馆
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为什么说钱能买来幸福?

Why money buys happiness, even past $75k

俗话说 金钱买不来快乐
This is a saying that money can’t buy happiness.
我觉得这是当然
I mean of course.
如果你流落街头穷困潦倒
If you’re homeless and starving,
你是不会快乐的
you’re not going to be happy.
但要是超过一定水平
But the point is above a certain level,
拥有越多的钱不会使你更快乐
having more money won’t make you happier.
事实上 记者们常常报道一个确切数字
In fact, journalists have often reported
即临界点是每年75000美元
the exact figure as 75,000 dollars per year.
现在这项研究确实在
Now, the study deciding is actually
心理学领域有相当大的影响
pretty influential in the field of psychology.
但是这个结果只说明了部分事实
But this finding is only half the story.
事实的另一部分无疑被人们所忽视
The other half of the study was neglected
奇怪的是因为它完全与第一部分相悖
and that’s strange because it completely goes against the first part.
那么钱能不能买到幸福呢
So, can money buy happiness or not?
让我们来分解这句话
Let’s break it down.
研究中 研究者调查了参与者积极和消极的
In the study, researchers surveyed the participants’ daily emotions,
日常情绪来衡量日常幸福
both the positive and negative ones to gauge the day-to-day happiness.
然而他们也使用了坎特内尔阶梯
However, they also measured life satisfaction,
来衡量生活满意度
using the Cantril ladder which is the following.
想象一个从0到10的阶梯
Imagine a ladder with steps numbered from zero to ten.
梯子顶部代表你可能过上的最好生活
The top of ladder represents the best possible life for you
底部代表最糟糕的生活
and the bottom represents the worst.
你认为你这时在哪个阶梯呢
Which step do you think you’re on at this time?
看 真相在这
Now, these were the results.
平均超过75000美元的收入
So it’s true that on average after $75,000 of income,
人们的日常幸福就被阻碍了
people’s daily happiness was capped.
此结论可以由这三个测量指标
This is seen by the factor of all three measures,
积极感 不沮丧和无压力感
feeling positives, not feeling down and feeling stress free.
最后都趋向稳定得出
The line eventually flattens.
然而 生活满意度却没有这样的封顶限制
However, there was no such ceiling for life satisfaction.
你赚越多的钱
The more money you earned,
你会看见你在梯子的位置就越高
the higher you saw yourself on that ladder.
如果你这么来看
If you look at it this way,
那么是的 钱能买到幸福
then yes, money can buy happiness.
事实上 对日常生活的
In fact, this deeper satisfaction
更深层次的满意度可能
about how your life turned out
甚至比幸福感的日常波动更加重要
may even be more important than the daily fluctuations in happiness.
而这种更深层次的满意度通常被遗漏
Yet, this was a part that got left out.
最后 这两个矛盾的结果
In the end, the two conflicting results
引出了这项研究的关键信息
led to the key message of this study,
幸福有两种
that there’re two types of happiness,
生活经历获得的幸福
the happiness you get when you experienced in your life
和回顾生活获得的幸福
and the happiness you get when you are reflecting on your life.
所以 是的
So, yes.
金钱可能对我们日常幸福没多大影响
Money might not do much for our day-to-day happiness.
但是 通过加深我们对生活产生的感觉
However, it does make us happier about our life
金钱确实能使我们更快乐
by adding to the sense that we’ve made.
这两种幸福会经常有冲突
Now these two selves will often collide.
例如 如果你正在看电影
For example, if you’re watching a movie
你也非常喜欢这部电影
and you’re really enjoying it,
但是 它的结局很糟糕
but the ending is bad,
你会感觉这结局毁了整个观看过程
you’ll feel like it ruined the whole experience.
这是反映到语言的感受
This is the reflective part of your speaking.
但是 就实际经历而言
But in terms of actual experience,
你基本还是喜欢这部电影的
on average you enjoyed the movie.
如今 这也可应用于
Now, this can be applied to
我们生活中的另一个悖论——生小孩
another paradox in our lives––having children.
如果你衡量人们日常经历
If you measure people’s day-to-day experiences,
你会发现儿童给你带来的
you’ll find that children bring you about
幸福和做家务的幸福感是一样
as much happiness as doing housework.
这也不至于难以置信
This shouldn’t be too hard to believe.
孩子们总是在哭闹 烦人 乱发脾气
Children are constantly crying, nagging and throwing tantrums.
而当你要求人们回顾他们孩子的时候
Yet, when you ask people to reflect on their children,
他们经常会说
they’ll often say
他的孩子们可是最棒的
they’re the best thing that’s ever happened.
那么经历的和回顾的幸福存在什么差异呢
So what is this discrepancy between the experiencing and reflecting self exists?
嗯 这都与高峰体验有关
Well, it all has to do with peak experiences.
高峰体验是指任何能带来积极或消极的
Peak experiences are any event which bring intense emotion
强烈情绪的事情
where the positive or negative.
所以 谈到孩子们
So, when it comes to children,
回顾生活 我们的高峰体验可能是
this might be the first time your child says that they love you.
孩子第一次说他们爱你 这是最印象深刻的时刻
When we look back on our lives, these are the moments that stick out.
我们习惯性用这些时刻而不是用日常琐事
And therefore these are moments we used to evaluate our life,
来衡量我们的生活
not the day-to-day stuff.
这意味着高峰体验对我们的幸福至关重要
This means that peak experiences are critical to our happiness.
你可能希望生活中的日常幸福
You might feel like the daily happenings in your lives
达到一定的程度
should amount to something,
但是它们不会 它们几乎被遗忘
but they don’t. They are mostly forgotten.
这可能听起来不太妙
This might sound a little sad.
然而 它伴随一个非常有趣的现象
However, it allows for a very interesting phenomenon.
你日常的幸福水平可能相当低
Your day-to-day happiness level can be quite low.
但你若寻求并经历高峰体验
But if you sprinkle in there some positive peak experiences,
当你进行回顾时
you can still look back
仍然会对生活状态感到满意
and be happy with how your life turned out.
那你最近的高峰体验又是什么呢?
So what’s the latest peak experience you remember?

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视频概述

幸福有两种,一种是体验的幸福,另一种是回忆的幸福。钱能买到什么幸福呢?

听录译者

Felicity

翻译译者

zcl

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gLA8GQm3Xr8

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