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锦鲤为什么这么贵? – 译学馆
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锦鲤为什么这么贵?

Why Koi Fish Are So Expensive | So Expensive

Anything strike you as special about this fish here?
这条鱼有什么特别的地方让你觉得惊讶的吗?
Well, it’s worth 1.8 million dollars.
其实它值180万美元呢
It won grand champion at the All Japan Koi Show in 2017,
它在2017年的日本锦鲤秀上拔得头筹
and is the most expensive koi fish ever sold.
而且它还是有史以来卖的最贵的锦鲤
Koi may just look like an oversized goldfish,
锦鲤可能看起来就像大号的金鱼
but they’re not even remotely related.
但其实它们一点关系都没有
Koi are actually a type of carp,
锦鲤其实是鲤鱼的一种
And today they are some of the most expensive pet fish in the world.
现在它们是世界上最贵的宠物鱼之一
But why?
为什么呢?

锦鲤为什么这么贵
Koi were originally raised in Japan in the 1700s,
锦鲤最初培育于18世纪的日本
when rice farmers first began breeding them for their distinct colors and patterns,
稻农培育锦鲤 是因为它们身上独特的颜色和花纹
similar to how we breed dogs for their specific traits.
就像我们如何根据狗特定的特性饲养它们
And just like prized dog breeds,
和养育珍贵的犬种一样
Japanese people take koi breeding very seriously.
日本人对饲养锦鲤这件事很认真
There are regular competitions to name the top koi.
日本会定期举行评选最佳锦鲤的比赛
Judges and buyers pay attention to
裁判和买家关注点在于
how healthy its skin looks, its size and body shape,
它的皮肤看起来有多健康 它的大小 体型
and how gracefully the fish moves in the water.
以及它们在水中的姿态有多优雅
But the most important trait of all is the koi’s coloring.
但在所有的特征里 颜色是最重要的
The best koi have a good balance of colors and patterns according to their variety.
最佳锦鲤身上的颜色与花纹十分和谐 各有特色
For example, there are koi with light blue spots,
比如 有的锦鲤身上有亮蓝色的斑点
ones with large red patches on their backs,
有些背上有一大块红色的斑块
or all-metallic gold.
有的锦鲤全身金黄
But the most winning fish often just
但是人们通常把这三种鱼
boil down to these three varieties.
评为最完美的锦鲤
They’re often the most valuable.
它们通常是最珍贵的品类
They dominate the shows, winning nearly every major category each year.
它们主宰了比赛 每年都能拿下几乎所有的主要奖项
And the better-looking the fish, the more a buyer is willing to pay.
而且鱼越好看 买家就越愿意出钱
Yvo: “Yeah, it depends.”
伊沃:“是的 看情况”
“You can buy some small and cheap koi fish for a couple of bucks,”
“你可以花几美元买便宜的小锦鲤”
“but also, yeah, it can get up really, really high to thousands to ten thousands of dollars. “
“但它的价格也可以上至成千上万美元”
That’s Yvo de Wal.
他是伊沃•德•瓦尔
He’s a koi hobbyist and seller in the Netherlands,
一位来自荷兰的锦鲤爱好者和卖家
and he heads up the YouTube channel Koi Partner.
他还是YouTube锦鲤合作伙伴的负责人
Each year he visits Japan to shop for koi.
他每年都去日本买锦鲤
Yyo: “The breeders are located there,”
伊沃:“很多培育锦鲤的人都住在这里”
“they have experience with their bloodlines for many, many generations.”
“他们对代代延续的锦鲤种系了如指掌”
You see, bloodlines are just as prized in koi as they are in dogs
你知道吗 锦鲤种系就像犬类种系一样珍贵
because some of these koi are the result of decades of selective breeding.
因为有些锦鲤是数十年来选择性培育的结果
I mean, just take a look at the koi’s wild relative, the common carp.
来让我们看看锦鲤的野生亲缘——鲤鱼吧
Its dark colors would be considered unattractive for a koi,
它们的深色相对锦鲤来说毫无吸引力
but it’s perfect protection against predators in the wild.
但这是野外防止被捕食者盯上的绝佳保护
So how do you get from this to this?
那鲤鱼的深色是怎么变成锦鲤现在的颜色的呢?
Well, it’s actually similar to how we got from this to this,
事实上 这与我们把狼驯化成狗的道理类似
except koi breeders mainly select for size and color
只不过锦鲤饲养者是看它们的大小 颜色
and ignore, Fluffiness
忽略蓬松度
Koi have six types of color cells in their skin.
锦鲤皮肤中有六种不同的色素细胞
Their cells can be red, yellow, black, white, blue, or metallic.
它们的细胞可以是红色 黄色 黑色 白色 蓝色或是金属色的
Now in order to get a beautiful, reddish-orange pattern
现在要想得到一条漂亮的红橙花纹锦鲤
like the one on this 1.8-million dollar fish,
就像那条价值180万美元的锦鲤一样
you need to select for fish that have a white body
你需要选那种白身
and lots of red cells that concentrate in large patches.
和红色细胞集中成大斑块的锦鲤
Red and white are important colors in Japanese culture,
日本文化看重象征喜乐的红色
representing joy and purity.
和象征纯净的白色
But having the right colors is only part of it.
但拥有漂亮的颜色只是锦鲤受欢迎的原因之一
Kois’ color cells sit at different depth in their skin.
锦鲤的色素细胞分布在皮肤不同的深度
some right near the surface and some deeper in,
有些接近皮肤表面 有的在皮肤更深层
which ultimately determines how bright the fish appears.
这最终决定了锦鲤外表的鲜亮程度
The brighter the fish, the bigger the price tag.
锦鲤外表的颜色越鲜亮 它的标价就越高
Today there are about 120 varieties.
目前大概有120种锦鲤
To compare, there are about 200 breeds of dogs.
要比较的话 这就好比有两百种狗狗
But when it comes down to it, breeding koi is a lot harder.
但说到培育锦鲤要困难得多
A single koi can give birth to hundreds of thousands of baby fish at a time.
单条锦鲤一次可以产出成千上万个鱼卵
Yyo: “I think we are talking about millions and millions of fish per breeder.”
伊沃:“我觉得我们说的是每个饲养者饲养的数百万条鱼”
So breeders must choose wisely.
所以饲养者必须精挑细选
One breeder, for example, reports that he starts with 3 million fish
例如 有一个饲养人在报道中说他刚开始养了三百万条鱼
and selects 15,000 to raise over the first year.
第一年他选择其中的一万五千条来培育
From that he chooses 1,000 to continue to raise the second year.
第二年又从中选择了1000条继续饲养
Yyo: “Yeah, it’s a really hard job for the breeders.”
伊沃:“对饲养者来说这的确是一项困难的工作”
But in the end, all that hard work is worth it.
但最后所有的努力都是值得的
The breeder of this grand champion waited until she was nine years old to sell her at auction.
这个冠军的饲养人把它养了九年才拿来拍卖
And by bringing in a world record of 1.8 million,
拍卖创下了180万美元的世界记录
the breeder got not only a huge return on investment
饲养人不仅获得了巨大的投资回报
but a priceless reputation boost in the koi community.
还在养锦鲤的圈子里名声大噪

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视频概述

本视频介绍了一些关于锦鲤的常识,以及锦鲤价格昂贵的原因。

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卷毛

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=opQBithWVdI

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