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为什么日本会有那么多自动售货机 – 译学馆
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为什么日本会有那么多自动售货机

Why Japan has so many vending machines

在日本 平均23个人拥有一个自动售货机
There is a vending machine for every 23 people in Japan.
日本是世界上人均自动售货机最多的国家
That’s the highest vending machine per capita on the planet.
为什么日本有这么多自动售货机
Why Japan Has So Many Vending Machine
商务卡不能使用后
After the business card fiasco
我开始对日本的所有自动售货机“分外眼明”
I started to become keenly aware of all the vending machines that I saw here in Japan.
我发现:它们无处不在!
I noticed: they are everywhere!
确实 我们在这里看到的是日本的公共机构
Indeed, what we’re looking at here is a Japanese institution.
我后面是一个商店
Behind me sits an entire shop
是一家筷子店
dedicated to chopsticks.
是的 我要进去
Yes, I’m about to go inside.
要了解自动售货机 你必须知道的是
The first thing you have to know in order to understand the vending machines,
日本是个老龄化国家
is that Japan is an aging country.
这里的平均年龄是46岁
The average age here is 46 years old,
几乎是世界平均年龄的两倍
which is almost double the world average.
日本的生育率是1.4
And the fertility rate is 1.4
这意味着这个国家的人口实际上在减少
which means the population is actually shrinking.
这对日本来说 是一种潜在的危机
This is actually a looming crisis for Japan generally,
但是 影响之一是
but one of the effects of it
劳动力市场非常昂贵
is that the labor market is very expensive.
日本缺乏低技能劳动力
There’s a scarcity of low-skilled labor.
所以 他们并不雇一个售货员坐在那里
So, instead of paying a sales clerk to sit
来收你买一块口香糖的钱
and collect your money when you buy a piece of gum,
他们会把商品放进机器里 然后自动化操作一切购买流程
they just put it in a machine and automate the whole thing.
房地产方面也是这样
And the same goes for real estate.
日本是世界上人口密度最大的国家之一
Japan is one of the densest countries in the world.
93%的人住在城市里
93 percent of the population lives in cities.
人们就住在
People literally live in
比多功能车还小的公寓里
apartment smaller than your SUV.
所以他们不会为昂贵的店面买单
So instead of paying a lot of money for a store front,
零售商会把一台小机器送进小巷
retailers will just slip a little machine into an alleyway
以此来省很多钱
to save a lot of money
同时他们也能获得丰厚的利润
and they can still turn a really good profit.
我在东京读了一位日本经济学家的文章
According to one essay that I read from a Japanese economist here in Tokyo,
(文章中说)对自动贩卖机较中肯的解释是:
the bigger explanation for the vending machines is
它体现了人们对自动化和机器人学的入迷甚至痴迷
a fascination or even an obsession with automation and robotics.
这里的所有可以自动化的东西
Everything that can be automated here,
都被自动化了
is automated.
当我进来点拉面 或者早餐时
When I go into order like a ramen or breakfast,
通常 我在机器上点餐
more often than not I order on a machine
然后把小票交给他们
and I give a little ticket to someone.
这体现了一种广泛的文化倾向
It’s indicative of a broader cultural trend
即尽可能自动化所有系统
of wanting to automate every system you possibly can.
东京的每辆出租车都是自动门
Every taxi in Tokyo has automated doors
由司机控制
that the driver controls.
毫不夸张地说
I don’t want to overstate this.
日本人十分欣赏手工艺品
There’s still a major appreciation for handcrafted artisanal goods here in Japan.
一个很好的例子就是
A good example of
我刚才去的那家有七年历史的咖啡店
this is the seven-year-old coffee shop I just got out of,
他们用一个托盘天平来称量咖啡豆
where they literally use a weighted scale to weigh their coffee beans
然后磨碎 并按订单要求冲泡
before grinding them and brewing them to order.
为了使咖啡冷却 他们把它放进金属容器里
To cool down their coffee they put it into a metal vessel
并使咖啡围绕着一大块方冰旋转
and spin it around a giant ice cube.
所以 他们钟情于自动化
So yes, they love automation
但他们的生活中也有很多手工艺品
but they’re still very much in touch with the handmade.
另一个功不可没的东西是:硬币
So another thing that totally contributes is this: coinage.
好多硬币啊
So much coinage.
整个自动化体系的一大遗憾是
The one big caveat to the whole automation thing is that
自动售货机不能刷卡结账
they haven’t really gotten on board with credit cards yet.
一切都建立在现金的基础上
Everything is cash based.
所以你得随身携带硬币
And because of that you always have coinage.
他们的硬币 最高面额大概等于5美元
One of their highest coin is worth like five dollars
咱们实话实说:
and let’s be honest:
最令人满意的不过是
there’s nothing more satisfying than
“卸出”你口袋里的零钱
unloading some of the change in your pocket
把它们投进自动售货机里 买一些美味
into a vending machine for some yummy treat.
我个人最喜欢热绿茶
My personal favorite item is hot green tea
出来时 它的温度恰到好处
comes out wonderfully warm
你就想知道自己怎么会那么幸运呢
and you just wonder how you got so lucky.
所以日本是个老龄化国家
So Japan is an aging nation
这里劳动力很昂贵
with expensive labor
钟爱自动化
and a love for robots
口袋里还有好多硬币
and too many coins in its pocket.

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视频概述

你知道为什么日本的大街小巷有那么多自动售货机吗?它们的优点很多,当然也不乏缺点……

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收集自网络

翻译译者

ccz

审核员

Ah~Qiu

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9UJzVLXmBG4

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