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The UK, of course, is a country made up of four distinct countries—
大家都不记得的那个地区 普雷特地区 巴克法斯特地区
the one everyone forgets about, Pret territory, Buckfast territory,
and that one that no matter what you say will
stir up drama in the YouTube comments.
Now, this wonderful country of countries has a
pretty weird political system.
For example, the Queen for some reasonowns all the dolphins in Britain
and is also able to fire the entirety of the Australian government
and also doesn’t need a drivers license or passport
since they’re both issued in her name.
But the weirdest of the weird is in this place,
the Palace of Westminster.
This building is, of course, known for being blown up in V for Vendetta,
crushed in Independence Day:Resurgence,
and blown up again in G.I. Joe:Retaliation
but interestingly, it’s also believed to be where
the Parliament of the United Kingdom meets.
Now the British Parliament has some unique rules.
For example, MP’s are not actually allowed tospeak directly to one another,
only to the speaker of the house.
They’re also not allowed to use each other’s names.
They therefore only refer to each other
in the third person when talking to the speaker,
saying something like,
“Mr Speaker, the Honourable Member for Tewkesbury smells like
beef and cheese.”
There’s also one law saying
it’s illegal to wear a suit of armor into Parliament.
That law was made in 1313 and remains super inconvenient
since MP’s have to change in and out of their armor
before and after going into Parliament.
Lastly, MP’s aren’t allowed to clap in Parliament
which is part of the reason they do all their hooting and hollering during debate
现在的议会 毫无疑问 由两部分组成
Now, this parliament, of course,is made up of two bodies:
the House of Lords and the House of Commons.
The House of Lords is made up of, at least currently,
792 unelected members who are appointed by the Queen
mostly off of the advice of the Prime Minister.
Despite being the upper house with the flashier looking room
the House of Lords is nowadays less powerful than the House of Commons
since aristocracy fell out of fashion.
The House of Commons is the more democratic house with elected officials
and they’re the ones really running the show.
The members of the House of Commons usually serve a term
of five years between elections
but the big oddity of the House of Commons is
that the MP’s are not allowed to resign.
it is illegal to resign from the British House of Commons.
Now it’s worth pointing out,
despite being illegal there’s no punishment for resigning
because you just can’t do it.
This anti-resignation rule was put in placeback in 1624.
What you have to consider about being an MP in 1624
is that the job wasn’t quite as cushy.
In fact, it wasn’t even really a job.
It was sort of like a part-time gig
where MP’s would just travel down to London
for a short periods to vote.
Of course it wasn’t like today
where you could just pop down to London on the train,
it would take days to travel to and from London,
and for all this work you were paid nothing.
There was no salary.
Therefore being an MP was viewed as a chore
rather than some great honor,
and so, once an MP was appointed,
Parliament wanted to make sure they stuck around.
但是 1624年以来 情况发生了改变
Things have, however, changed since 1624.
MP’s are now paid around $100,000 per year
and the position is treated as a full-time,somewhat respected job.
The other big thing was that, at some point,
the idea of involuntary unpaid labor became pretty unpopular.
因此 议会并没有做一些合理的事 比如改变规则
So, instead of doing something reasonable like changing the rules,
Parliament started using this crazy procedure
to free MPs that wanted to quit.
所以 具体的流程就是 想要离任的议员可以
So, how it works is thatthe departing MP sends in an application
to the official known asthe Chancellor of the Exchequer
for one of two jobs
三块奇尔特恩英皇领地 斯托克 德斯伯勒 伯纳姆的皇室管家和司法长官
Crown Steward and Bailiff of the three Chiltern Hundreds of Stoke, Desborough and Burnham,
or the Crown Steward and Bailiffof the Manor of Northstead.
This is all because in the rules of Parliament
it is prohibited to hold either of these jobs
and the position of MP at the same time.
These jobs are both essentially overseers ofancient administrative divisions that no longer exist
meaning that there are no obligations anymorebut the jobs still exist.
The second an MP is appointed toeither of these positions
they are no longer MPs
and they stay Crown Steward and Bailiff of these areas
until they either apply to be removed from the position
or until another MP is appointed to the positionwhen they ask to resign.
Now, one important thing to point out
is that the Chancellor of the Exchequercan choose not to appoint an MP
to one of these positions
which means that, in theory,
someone could be stuck as an MP against their will.
They could, of course, just not show up to their job
and they’d still get paid which doesn’t sound bad.
It just probably wouldn’t be greatfor their political careers.
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