ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

怀疑(doubt)单词里为什么有“b” – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

怀疑(doubt)单词里为什么有“b”

Why is there a "b" in doubt? - Gina Cooke

人们常常觉得单词’doubt’的拼写有点荒唐
People often think the word ‘doubt’ spelling is a little crazy
因为’b’这个字母
because of the letter ‘b’.
它不拼出声音
Since it doesn’t spell a sound,
所以大多数人弄不清楚它在这的作用
most folks can’t figure out what it’s doing there.
尽管我们大多数人在学校学习时
But in spite of what most of us learn in school,
声音从来不是拼写英语单词
sound is never the most important aspect
最重要的方面
of spelling an English word.
首先考虑的是一个单词的意思和历史
A word’s meaning and history need to come first.
怀疑意思是有问题
To doubt means to question,
动摇
to waver,
犹豫
to hesitate.
作为一个名词,它的意思是不确定或困惑
As a noun, it means uncertainty or confusion.
现在的英语单词’doubt’
The present-day English word ‘doubt’
开始作为一个拉丁语单词’dubitare’
started as a Latin word, ‘dubitare’.
它首先从拉丁语译成法语
It first moved from Latin into French
在这它失去了’buh’的发声和字母’b’
where it lost both its ‘buh’ sound and its letter ‘b’.
然后它在13世纪进入英语
And then it came into English in the 13th century.
大约100年以后
About 100 years later,
写英语但懂拉丁语的作家
scribes who wrote English but also knew Latin,
开始把’b’重新插入这个单词的拼写
started to reinsert the ‘b’ into the word’s spelling,
即使在这它没有发音
even though no one pronounced it that way.
但他们为什么这么做呢
But why would they do this?
为什么心智正常的人会
Why would anyone in their right mind
在拼写中重新插入一个无声的字母
reinsert a silent letter into a spelling?
因为他们懂拉丁语
Well, because they knew Latin,
作家们知道’doubt’的词根有一个’b’
the scribes understood that the root of ‘doubt’ had a ‘b’ in it.
随着时间的推移,甚至于没什么文化的人也懂拉丁语
Over time, even as fewer literate people knew Latin,
‘b’一直存在,因为它与其他相关词汇有
the ‘b’ was kept because it marked important,
重要的、有意义的联系
meaningful connections to other related words,
像’dubious’和’indubitalbly’
like ‘dubious’ and ‘indubitalbly,’
那些随后从相同的拉丁语词根’dubitare’
which were subsequently borrowed into English
借用进英语的单词
from the same Latin root, ‘dubitare’.
理解这些历史的联系
Understanding these historical connections
不仅能帮我们拼写’doubt’
not only helped us to spell ‘doubt,’
也能帮助理解
but also to understand the meaning
这些更复杂的单词的意思
of these more sophisticated words.
但故事并没有就此终止
But the story doesn’t end there.
如果我们看得更深
If we look even deeper,
我们能看到doubt范围以外的东西
we can see beyond the shadow of a doubt,
‘b’能够如何展现
just how revealing that ‘b’ can be.
在所有英语单词中只有两个基础词
There are only two base words in all of English
有字母’d-o-u-b’:
that have the letters ‘d-o-u-b’:
一个是doubt
one is doubt,
另一个是double
and the other is double.
我们能创造许多其他单词
We can build lots of other words
在这些基础上
on each of these bases,
像doubtful
like doubtful
和doubtless
and doubtless,
或doublet
or doublet,
和redouble
and redouble,
还有doubloon
and doubloon.
这证明如果我们看看他们的历史
It turns out that if we look into their history,
我们能看到他们都来自
we can see that they both derive
于相同的拉丁语
from the same Latin forms.
double的意思是
The meaning of double,
两倍
two,
反映了对doubt的一个更深的理解
is reflected in a deep understanding of doubt.
看,当我们怀疑时
See, when we doubt,
当我们犹豫时
when we hesitate,
我们质疑自己时
we second guess ourselves.
当我们对某事有怀疑时
When we have doubts about something,
当我们有问题或困惑时
when we have questions or confusion,
我们有两种想法
we are of two minds.
历史上,在英语开始
Historically, before English began
从法语借入单词之前
to borrow words from French,
它已经有了一个怀疑的单词
it already had a word for doubt.
那个古英语单词是’tweogan’
That Old English word was ‘tweogan,’
一个和’two’有关系的单词
a word whose relationship to ‘two’
在它的拼写里也很清楚
is clear in its spelling as well.
所以下次你怀疑
So the next time you are in doubt
为什么英语用这样的方式拼写单词
about why English spelling works the way it does,
仔细看一下,你发现的东西可能会使你恍然大悟
take a second look.What you find just might make you do a double-take.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述
听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

收集自网络

审核员

自动通过审核

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YvABHCJm3aA

相关推荐