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好莱坞选址的学问 – 译学馆
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好莱坞选址的学问

Why is Hollywood in Hollywood?

为什么好莱坞会在好莱坞呢?
-Why is Hollywood in Hollywood?
事实上这和科学有一定的联系
It actually has a lotto do with science.
20世纪初 首个电影工作室建于南加利福利亚州
The first film studio settledin Southern California in the early 1900s,
很大程度上是因为这里的气候有利于全年的电影拍摄工作
in large part because the climate here is ideal for year-round filming,
你甚至可以在冬季拍摄沙滩的场景
so you could film a beach scene even in the middle of winter.
毕竟 洛杉矶每年的降水量只有15英寸左右
After all, LA typicallygets only around 15 inches of rain a year.
相比之下
For some comparison,
纽约在2017年的降水量就达到了45英寸左右
New York City got around 45 inchesof precipitation in 2017.
洛杉矶这样干燥的气候在某种程度上得益于纬度位置
LA has this dry climate in partbecause of its latitude,
这不难看出 洛杉矶离赤道没有多远
meaning how far northit is from the equator.
由于空气团围绕地球运动的方式比较特殊
Due to a quirk of how air masses move around the globe,
干空气往往沉聚在北纬30度附近
dry air tends to sinkat a latitude of around 30 degrees north
通常湿空气上升冷却之后就形成了云
and usually clouds form whenmoist air rises and then cools.
但这里的情况却恰恰相反
That’s the exact oppositeof what’s happening here.
这里 干空气沉聚 受热然后散开
Here, dry air sinks, warms up,and then gets pushed away,
这导致更多的干空气往下沉聚
causing more dry air from above to come swooping down to take its place.
久而久之就形成干燥晴朗的天气
This usually leadsto dry and sunny weather,
这就是为什么北半球大多数沙漠
which is why most of the deserts in the Northern Hemisphere
都是位于北纬30度
are at a latitudeof 30-degrees north.
洛杉矶位于大约北纬34度
Los Angeles is at around34 degrees north,
所以 洛杉矶也受到了沉聚的干空气的影响
so it feels some of the effects of this sinking, dry air.
但这可能让你感到疑惑
But that might leave you wondering why, say,
南卡罗莱纳州地处同样的纬度
South Carolina, which is at a similar latitude,
气候却很潮湿 而且多雷暴
is so humidand prone to thunderstorms.
这个部分原因是水温
well, part of the answer has to do with the water temperature.
因为在北半球海水是顺时针循环的
Because the ocean typicallycirculates clockwise in the Northern Hemisphere,
美国西海岸的海水是向南流动的冷水
the West Coast is bathed in cold water moving south,
而东海岸的海水则是向北流动的暖水
while the East Coast is bathedin warm water moving north.
因为水是温暖的
Because the water’s so warm,
每当海风侵袭东海岸的时候
when ocean breezes hit the East Coast,
海风通常是湿润的 这就形成了湿气和降雨
they’re usually pretty moist, which leads to humidityand rain.
噢!看 贝壳
Oh, look.A shell.
但是电影的先驱们选择好莱坞不仅仅是因为这里阳光明媚
But the pioneers of filmdidn’t just choose Hollywood for its sunshine.
他们选择这里还因为这里存在不同类型的环境
They also chose it’cause it’s close to so many different types of environments,
各种各样的环境
like whatever this is.
加尼福利亚的地理位置十分有意思
California is reallygeologically interesting.
它刚好位于圣安德烈亚斯断层上方
It’s right over the San Andreas Fault,
两大地球板块相接触的地方
a place where two of Earth’s tectonic plates meet.
美国地理资源丰富 上至高山下至深谷
And the state has everythingfrom high mountains to deep valleys,
甚至还有火山
even volcanoes.
电影制片人不必带领电影拍摄团队
Film producers didn’t haveto schlep their crews
跨越整个国家
all the way across the country
到海边进行拍摄
to film on a beach one day
接着又到山上取景
and a mountain the next.
从《西部牛仔》到《泰山》 洛杉矶对于拍摄电影来说是个完美的起点
Los Angeles was a perfectstarting point to film everything from a Western
to Tarzan.
【模仿泰山的叫声】
Aah! aah!
当然 早期电影制作人选择好莱坞也有其它原因
There are, of course, other reasons Hollywood is chosen by early film makers as well.
一旦几个早期的制作公司来到这里
Once the first few productioncompanies came out here,
其它一些公司也会随之而来 从蓬勃发展的产业中受益
others could come and benefit from the industry that was already springing up.
这里员工训练有素 任务分工明确 公司设备齐全
There was trained labor,distribution and printing facilities,
things like that.
但这一切归功于宜人的气候
But it never would’ve happened if it weren’t for the sunshine,
海风
the sea breeze,
以及人们赞不绝口的风景
and a landscape that made theperfect canvas for storytelling.
嘿 各位
Hey, guys.
你们中间的影迷可能会问
The film buffs amongst you might be wondering
为什么我没有谈一谈托马斯•爱迪生
why I haven’t talked about Thomas Edison.
事情是这样的
so, here’s the thing.
这得追溯到电影制作的早期
Back in the early daysof filmmaking,
托马斯•爱迪生成立了电影专利公司
Thomas Edison startedsomething called the Motion
Picture Patents Company
该公司拥有的大部分技术专利
that owned the patentsto most of the technology
在电影拍摄时会用到
involved in making moviesat the time.
如果你不是专利公司的成员
And if you weren’t part of the patents company,
那你要制作电影就会十分困难
it could be very difficult for you to actually make movies.
所以有个关于电影制片第一人的传奇故事
So legend has it thatthe first producers
他之所以去到了西海岸
that went to the West Coast
是为了逃避托马斯•爱迪生的法律诉讼
went to escape legal action from Thomas Edison,
而且托马斯•爱迪生就住在东海岸
who was on the East Coast.
事情是这样的 我讲这个故事讲给一个历史学家听了
The thing is that, I spoke to a historian
他告诉我
who told me that,
实际上 去往西海岸的头几个公司
in fact, the first companies that went to the West Coast
都是专利公司的成员
were part of the patents company.
有人说 关于这个主题我的阅读量不够
That being said, I haven’t readextensively about the subject.
所以如果发现我讲漏了一些东西 就告诉我吧
So let me knowif I missed something.
记得在评论里给我留言
Leave me a note in the comments,
别忘了订阅该节目哦
and don’t forget to subscribe
这样你就不会错过我的任何一个视频了
so you never miss a video.
期待很快能见到你!
See you soon!
科学魔力秀!
Science Magic Show!
科学魔力秀!
Science Magic Show!
科学魔力秀!
Science Magic ShowHooray!

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视频概述

大家都知道好莱坞是当今世界电影工厂的霸主,可你知道最初的电影制片人为什么会选择好莱坞呢?这主要得益于好莱坞得天独厚的地理条件。当然,也还有其他原因。让本视频带你了解一下吧!

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