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为什么迪拜富得流油? – 译学馆
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为什么迪拜富得流油?

Why Is Dubai So Rich?

This episode is brought to you by AJ+
此视频由AJ+制作
Dubai in the United Arab Emirates is home to
位于阿联酋的迪拜
the tallest skyscraper in the world.
是世界上最高的摩天大楼的所在地
It stands almost 3 thousand feet in the air,
这座大楼有近三千英尺高
and cost the city more than 1 billion dollars.
城市耗资超过10亿美元
On the ground signs of Dubai’s wealth are apparent,
迪拜富有的迹象显而易见
as the police patrol the streets in Ferraris, and Lamborghinis.
连警察都开着法拉利和兰博基尼巡逻街道
So how did the Emirates,
那么阿联酋
and Dubai in particular, get so rich?
尤其是迪拜 为何如此富裕呢?
Well, the UAE is a federation of seven emirates,
阿联酋是7个酋长国组成的联邦
each ruled in part by its own Islamic monarchy.
每个酋长国受各自的伊斯兰君主制统治
Historically the UAE has been a prime location for international trade.
历史上阿联酋一直位于国际贸易的重要位置
Situated at the mouth of the Persian Gulf,
位于波斯湾入海口
ships sailing around Asia and Africa made frequent stops there.
往来亚洲和非洲的船只经常在此停靠
In the late 1950s, large oil deposits were found
20世纪50年代末 在阿联酋首都
near the UAE’s capital of Abu Dhabi,
阿布扎比附近发现了大量油田
beginning a hugely lucrative oil industry.
由此开始了获利丰厚的石油产业
The oil deposits proved to be so vast
这些油田储量巨大
that presently they account for a tenth of the world’s total oil reserves.
目前占世界石油总储量的1/10
Crude oil exports are responsible for
原油出口为阿联酋GDP
almost $400 billion dollars of the UAE’s GDP.
贡献了近4000亿美元
But Dubai, by itself, isn’t very oil-rich.
但迪拜的石油资源并不丰富
Reports indicate that in 2010,
据报道称在2010年
only around 1% of Dubai’s economy was from oil sales.
迪拜经济总量只有1%左右源于石油销售
So how is Dubai so wealthy?
那为什么迪拜如此富裕呢?
Well, both Dubai and the entire UAE
迪拜和整个阿联酋
have a historically productive relationship with the United Kingdom.
都与英国有着历史悠久的合作关系
This relationship granted them access to
这种关系使他们获得了
exclusive western investments and partnerships.
西方独家投资和合作的机会
In 2000, the international credit boom
在2000年 国际信贷热潮
helped the Emirates solidify their place in the Middle East
帮助阿联酋巩固了其在中东的地位
as a financial and cosmopolitan hub.
使其成为金融和国际中心
Foreign investments poured in for ambitious projects
外资涌入一些雄心勃勃的项目
like the world’s tallest skyscraper,
比如世界最高的摩天大楼
the largest resort, and even a series of man-made islands.
最大的度假村 甚至是一系列人工岛屿
Since then, tourism, trade and retail has flourished,
从那时起 旅游 贸易和零售业都蓬勃发展
attracting a large number of visitors and immigrants.
吸引了大量的游客和移民
Dubai was reported to be the world’s 5th most popular
据报道 迪拜是2014年全球第五大
tourist destination in 2014.
最受欢迎的旅游地
Additionally, there are no corporate taxes,
另外 除了石油公司和外资银行外
except on oil companies and foreign banks,
迪拜并不收取公司税
making them an attractive business destination as well.
这也使其成为有吸引力的经商地
However, despite the flow of investments
然而 尽管有大量的投资
and a growing tourism industry,
和不断发展的旅游业
the late 2000s economic crisis
但2000年代后期的金融危机
hit the emirates especially hard.
对阿联酋造成了严重打击
Real estate prices collapsed throughout the area,
整个地区的房地产价格暴跌
and one study found more than 200 construction projects
有研究发现在2009年至2011年间
were cancelled between 2009 and 2011.
超过200个建筑项目被取消
It got so bad that eventually,
严峻的经济形势最终导致
Abu Dhabi had to bail out Dubai with a 10 billion dollar loan.
阿布扎比不得不提供100亿美元贷款援助迪拜
So yeah, Dubai is massively rich,
的确 迪拜很富裕
but as we’ve seen in recent years,
但正如我们近年来所看到的那样
there’s no guarantee it’ll stay that way.
没人能保证迪拜会一直保持现状
Migrant labor abuse is a huge problem in the UAE and some of its neighbors.
在阿联酋及一些邻国 移民劳工虐待问题十分突出
To learn about the details of this issue,
想要了解该问题的更多细节
take a look at this informative video from our friends at AJ+.
可观看由AJ+的朋友提供的信息视频
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感谢您收看TestTube
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记得订阅我们所有的最新视频哦

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想知道迪拜为什么如此世界闻名地富有吗?答案就在这里

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视频来源

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