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巧克力会杀死狗的原因 – 译学馆
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巧克力会杀死狗的原因

Why Is Chocolate Deadly for Dogs?

Dog owners know the drill.
狗狗的主人知道该怎么训练狗狗
Dogs eat some really dumb things including poison.
狗狗吃的一些看上去无害实则有毒的东西
Like This one.
比如巧克力
Cocoa contains a molecule called theobromine
可可中包含着一种叫可可碱的微粒
that’s very toxic to dogs.
它对于狗狗来说是有毒的
Theobromine and caffeine.
可可碱和咖啡因
Notice any similarities here?
注意到它们的相似之处了吗?
It’s more than just looks too.
不仅仅是看起来相似
Like caffeine, theobromine blocks adenosine from reaching receptors
想咖啡因一样 可可碱会阻止腺苷到达
in our brains that regulate wakefulness.
在我们大脑中负责调控觉醒的受体
In small doses, theobromine increases heart rate, and the flow of oxygen
小剂量的可可碱可以增加心率和氧流量
and nutrients to the brain.
以及对大脑提供营养
But dogs don’t metabolize theobromine very well.
但是狗狗不能很好地代谢可可碱
So it’s effects last longer.
所以它的影响会持续更长时间
Bad news for a dog’s central nervous system.
这对狗的中枢神经系统来说是个坏消息
It takes between 6 and 12 hours for the symptoms of theobromine poisoning to set in.
可可碱中毒的症状需要6到12个小时才能出现
Signs of theobromine poisoning
可可碱中毒的症状
high temperature,diarrhea,chocolate wrappers
高热 腹泻 巧克力包装纸
seizures, vomiting, rapid breathing, increased heart rate.
痉挛 呕吐 呼吸急促 心率加快
The LD50 is the amount of a substance that will kill off half of a test population.
LD50是能杀死一半实验群体的物质
For dogs it’s 300mg per 1kg.
对于狗狗来说 每公斤300毫克就够了
For people it’s 1000mg per 1kg.
对人来说是每公斤1000毫克
Over 3X more
是狗狗的三倍多
which is why chocoholics aren’t worried about it.
(这就是为什么巧克力迷们不担心它)
Different kinds of chocolate have different concentrations of theobromine.
不同种类的巧克力有不同浓度的可可碱
Milk Chocolate: Up to 0.02% (60mg Per 1oz)
牛奶巧克力中高达0.02% (1盎司60毫克)
and Dark Chocolate: Up to 1.4% (400mg Per 1oz).
黑巧克力中高达1.4% (1盎司400毫克)
So for a 20kg (44lbs) dog to reach the LD50, it would require…
所以对于一只重20公斤(44磅)的狗狗来说要达到LD50 只需要…
100 oz of milk chocolate (over 6 pounds)
100盎司牛奶巧克力(超过6磅)
15oz of bakers chocolate (almost 1 pound)
15盎司贝克巧克力(近1磅)
to reach the LD50.
就能达到LD50
But that’s the lethal dosage.
但那是足以致命的剂量
Eating even a small amount can still make your dog sick.
即使只吃一点点也会让你的狗狗生病
The smaller the dog, the higher the risk of poisoning.
狗狗越小 中毒的风险就越高
If your dog eats some chocolate, hydrogen peroxide can induce vomiting.
如果你的狗狗吃了巧克力 过氧化氢会产生呕吐现象
Call your vet for instructions first.
首先要打电话给兽医寻求帮助
Theobromine has even harsher effects on cats,
可可碱对猫产生的影响更加严重
but don’t worry too much.
但是不要太担心
Cats aren’t hunting for chocolate. They can’t taste sweets.
猫猫们不喜欢吃巧克力 它们尝不出甜味
That explains it.
这就解释了这一点
Watch these other videos to learn things:
欢迎收看其他系列视频来学习
Why do dogs smell each other’s butts?
为什么狗会互相闻屁屁呢
The chemistry of cats.
猫的化学反应
THANKS FOR WATCHING.
感谢收看

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视频概述

帮助大家了解狗狗不能吃巧克力的原因和巧克力对狗狗的危害

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=X86co4E1NvE

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