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为什么加州总是发生火灾

Why is California always on fire?

从2018年开始到现在为止 加利福尼亚已经发生了将近5000场火灾
There have been nearly 5000 fires in California since the start of 2018.
火灾季这个话题一直在新闻中占很大比例
The fire season has been dominating the news.
“这已经创下了火灾季的又一记录”
“This has turned into another record-settingfire season.”
“现在 加利福尼亚历史上最严重的……”
“Now the largest in state history.”
“真的 一望无际” 非常热
“Really there’s no end in sight.” It’s hot.
干燥
It’s dry.
多云
It’s windy.
刚好地上的一切都易燃
Just about everything on the ground is flammable.
但有一样东西
But there’s one thing that ’
一直在加剧加利福尼亚的火灾 使其变得
s consistently making wildfires in California worse and
越来越严重:
worse and worse:
我们
Us.
在这时候 称呼它们为“野火”甚至有点不太恰当
At this point, even calling them “ wild ” fires might be a misnomer,
因为其中大多数火灾
because most of them
不是自然发生的
are not natural.
人类要对84%的严重火灾的发生负责
Humans are responsiblefor starting a whopping 84% of them.
比如 北加利福尼亚州发生的火灾
The northern California Carr fire for example,
是由一辆汽车轮胎边缘产生的火花造成的
was started by sparks from a car tire’ rim.
在南加利福尼亚州
And in southern California,
一个可疑的纵火案发生后 洛杉矶外围的神圣之火开始燃烧
the Holy Fire just outside of LA started after a suspected arson.
这仅仅是州内近来比较活跃的火灾中的两场
These are just two of the fires currently active in the state.
从2018年起到现在为止 有629000英亩的土地被烧毁了
So far in 2018 629,000 acres have burned.
与2017年同期的火灾相比
That’s nearly 3 times as much
差不多是它的三倍
compared to the same time period in 2017.
使这些大火如此危险 具有破坏性
What makes these fires so dangerous, damaging,
并因此付出巨大代价的 是更多的
and therefore costly is that more human-made
人造基础设施在火焰中付之一炬
infrastructure is getting caught in the flames.
这张地图标出了一部分加利福尼亚火灾高发区
This map highlights the parts of California most prone to fires,
毫不意外
and it’s no surprise
是的 高发区就是地图上火焰的地方
that — yeah — that’s where these firesare.
但是同这张显示人口密度增长的地图相比
But compare it to this map, which shows population density growth projections.
把它们放在一起 很明显
Put them together, and it’s clear:
加利福尼亚市中心的人口增长
California’s population is growing out from urban centers
直接指向火灾高危区集中 同时
directly into the areas at the highest risk for fire. Meanwhile,
加利福尼亚每年都提供
the state is spending
越来越多的资金投入到火灾救援中
more and more to fight fires each year,
因为越来越多的人移居到了危险的地方
as more people move into areas that put them in harm’s way.
“应该由我们所有人
“ It’s up to all
一起保护我们所拥有的森林”
of us to protect and preserve the forests we have. ” So,
那么 既然我们已经让情况如此糟糕了 我们还能做什么呢?
since we made this mess worse, what canwe do?
“‘干的漂亮!’ 防火护林熊说”
“‘That’s a good job!’ said Smokey the Bear.”
注意我们是怎么引起
Being mindful of how we spark
火灾的 这是一个很好的开始
these fires is a good start,
但是导致火灾发生的更大问题是
but the bigger problems contributing to this —
人为的气候变化几乎不可能逆转
like man-made climate change — are unlikely to reverse.
尽管会有这些风险 人类还是住进了这些地区
And despite the risks, humans keep movinginto these areas.
“大火在一点一点地向一些居民区靠近”
“Fires creeping real real close tosome residences up here.”
“到2050年的时候 会在火灾高发区多建645000所房子”
“By 2050 another 645,000 houses will be built at areas at very high risk for wildfires.”
我们完全有机会避免火灾的发生
We have the opportunity to get out of the way
让大自然按照它自己的进程前行
of wildfires, and let nature run its course.
但是我们会这样做吗?
But will we?
“只有你们才能阻止森林火灾的发生”
“Only YOU can prevent forest fires.”

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视频概述

介绍加州火灾的情况,呼吁大家一起防火

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

*雾岛之樱。

审核员

审核员A

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OerszexsuLw

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