ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

无障碍设计使所有人更方便 – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

无障碍设计使所有人更方便

Why Is Accessible Design Good for Everyone? | ARTiculations

Have you ever encounter a situation like this,
你遇到过这种情况吗?
your hands are full of grocery bags,
你的双手拎满了购物袋
you get to a door,
走到一扇门前
you realize, there’s no way you can open that door knob.
你发现 不放下手中的东西
without putting the stuff down.
就没有办法打开门
In that case, it’s possible you’ve encountered a round door knob.
这种情况 这扇门的把手可能是圆形的
For many people, encountering a door without an easily operable lever.
对大多数人来说 遇到不好操作的门把手
is usually just a minor inconvenience.
只是有些许不便
But for people with manual dexterity limitations,
但是对于那些手部活动受限的
hand injuries, and other related disabilities,
手受伤的或手部有残疾的人来说
a round door knob may prevent them from being able to go through that door.
他们可能没办法使用圆形的门把手打开门
If that door had a lever style handle,
但如果有一个直形的门把手
it could be operable with a closed fist,or even an elbow,
就可以用拳头甚至用手肘打开门
making it much more accessible to people with or without disabilities.
这样一来 残疾人和普通人都能更轻松地打开门
Similarly, even though power door operators
同样 虽然自动门
are often designed for people with disabilities,
通常是为残疾人所设计的
the reality is that they make
事实上它使所有人
going through a door easier for all kinds of people.
进出门都更加方便了
Including people using wheelchairs, crutches and walkers,
包括使用轮椅 拐杖 助行架的人
people carrying handful of shopping bags,
双手拎满购物袋的人
parents with strollers,
推着婴儿车的父母
and delivery people carrying boxes or pushing trolleys.
还有搬运箱子或使用推车的运输人员
I’m an interior designer
作为室内设计师
and I often think about how everyday environments
我经常会想如何运用好的设计
could be improved with good design
来提升日常环境
from overall circulation flows throughout spaces to details like door hardware.
从整体流线布局到门的五金件等细节
And a part of good design is having
而优秀设计的一部分
the awareness and consideration for people of different abilities.
就是要意识到并且考虑到到各种各样的人
While many accessible design components
尽管许多无障碍设计
may have initially been designed with disabilities in mind,
最初可能是为残疾人而设计的
but majority of accessible improvements to products,fixtures and environments
但大部分产品 装置或环境的无障碍化改进
actually end up providing better access for everyone.
最终方便了每一个人
Automatic toilet flushes, faucets and soap dispensers
自动冲水马桶 水龙头和给皂器
are easier to use for people
不仅方便了那些
who can not reach or can not operate levers, buttons and valves,
够不到或无法使用手柄 按钮或阀门的人
but it also makes using a washroom
而且也可以让大多数人
more sanitary and more convenient for most people.
更卫生方便地使用洗手间
Visually contrasting flooring transitions, tactile warning strips,
有色差的过渡地板 触感警示带
and cane detectable barriers
和可被拐杖检测到的栅栏
help many people whether they have a visual impairment or not,
让很多有或没有视力障碍的人
to see and detect oncoming hazards more easily.
都更容易察觉到即将到来的危险
Over the last few decades,
在过去的几十年里
some designers have also adopted the principles of universal design
一些设计师也采取了通用设计的原则
which is a design approach that considers many different human factors,
这是一个考虑了许多不同因素的设计思路
including abilities, age, genders and cultural backgrounds.
包括人的能力 年龄 性别以及文化背景等
Universal design reframes the approach to
通用设计重新定义了
how we think about people with disabilities,
我们看待残疾人的方式
where their needs are not seen as special circumstances,
它使残疾人的需求不再被视为特殊情况
but as a part of many different human factors that require consideration.
而是被视为多个需要考虑的因素之一
For instance, drinking fountains, lavatories, and service counters with high and low surfaces,
例如 装有高低台面的饮水机 洗手池和服务台
or desks and tables where the heights are adjustable,
或者可以调节高度的桌椅
are not only designed for the use of wheelchair users,
它们不仅是为轮椅使用者而设计的
but also for children, older adults, people in different heights
也是为小孩 老人 不同身高的人
and people with different usage preferences.
和不同使用偏好的人而设计的
Simple easily navigable wayfinding with visual and tactile signage
利用视觉和触觉引导的简易导航标识
help people with visual and auditory impairments,
不仅帮助了有视觉或听觉障碍的人
but can also improve the experience of people
而且同时提高了
who speak different languages, and people with cognitive disabilities.
说不同语言或有认知障碍的人的出行体验
Universal toilet rooms can accommodate not only wheelchair users,
通用卫生间不仅适用于轮椅使用者
but also individuals travelling with caregivers of the same or opposite gender,
还适用于与同性或异性护工同行的个人
families with children
有孩子的家庭
as well as people who prefer to use non-gendered washrooms.
以及更倾向于使用无性别差异厕所的人
Often the concept of providing accommodations to disabled people
为残疾人提供照顾的理念
is misunderstood as making disabled people dependent on society to help them.
常常被误解为导致残疾人依赖社会的帮助
When in fact accommodating disabilities is pretty much the opposite of that.
但实际上却是恰恰相反的
While some disabled people do require caretakers
尽管一些残疾人确实需要护工
or guide animals to help them with their day to day life,
或导盲犬等动物在日常生活中帮助他们
the goal of accessible design is actually
但实际上 无障碍设计的目的
to provide independence for people with disabilities.
是为残障人士提供独立生活的机会
If we provide ways for people to independently open doors,
如果我们能够让他们独立地开门
go up levels, use the toilet,
上楼 如厕
get around safely, obtain services, and find information,
安全出行 获得服务以及获取信息
basically go about their day to day life like most other people.
他们就能像其他人一样正常的生活
Then technically, they’re not disabled anymore.
那么严格意义上 他们就不再是残疾人了
It’s important to realize that
重要的是要意识到
traditionally we have built our environments to exclude certain people.
我们构建的环境历来是排斥某类人的
Disabilities are not inherently possessed by the individual
残疾并不是与生俱来的
they’re shaped by the barriers we have put up.
而是由环境中存在的障碍造成的
While it’s obviously not practical to immediately rebuild everything,
然而立即重建一切设施显然是不现实的
there are still things we can do and steps we can take
但我们仍可以采取一些措施
to remove these barriers.
来消除这些障碍
Some may argue that
一些人可能会认为
designing and building accessible products and enviroments can be costly,
设计建造无障碍产品和环境的成本很高
Well,that may be true in some circumstances,
一些情况下可能确实如此
When it comes to building new spaces and creating new products,
但在开拓新空间与创造新产品时
there is often not a cost difference to implementing accessible features.
完善无障碍设施基本上不会产生额外的成本
Choosing a more visually contrasting colour at a change in floor level
在装修时选择色彩对比强烈的地板
usually costs nothing as long as the product is the same.
只要产品是相同的通常就不会产生额外成本
And installing one type of door lever over another
安装直形把手与圆形把手的价格
will result in minimal price differences, if any.
即便有区别的话 也相差很少
But of course, there are still costs to some accessible features,
当然 建造无障碍设施仍然需要开销
and the virtual fitting of existing non-extensible spaces
而且改造已有的有限空间
could have a high initial cost.
也可能会有很高的初始成本
However, in many cases,
但在多数情况下
it is arguably more economically detrimental to ignore accessibility.
忽略无障碍性可能会造成更大的经济损失
According to the World Health Organization,
根据世界卫生组织的调查结果显示
around 15 % of the world’s population live with disabilities,
世界上百分之十五的人为残疾人
a percentage that’s expected to rise
由于人口老龄化
in most developed nations due to the increase in the older adult populations.
发达国家将会有越来越多的残疾人
Communities and businesses all benefit from the participation of people with disabilities
残疾人作为消费者和生产力的参与
as consumers as well as being productive members of the workforce.
会给社区和企业都带来好处
Even in private homes,
即使在个人住宅
inaccessible design will also directly and indirectly cost individuals money
非无障碍设计也会直接或间接地带来个人支出
such as in lots of product activities
比如需要付出更多精力完成日常活动
as well as in the cost of caretakers
需要支付雇佣护理人员的费用
or people taking time off work to care for disabled family members.
或是为照顾残疾的家庭成员请假误工
By building spaces that accommodate people with disabilities,
通过构建适于残疾人生活无障碍环境
we can provide them with economic empowerment and independence.
我们可以为他们减少经济负担 增加独立性
And in most cases,
大多数情况下
we will also improve the quality of life for just about everybody.
我们也可以提高几乎所有人的生活质量
If you look at it this way,
从这个角度来看
accessible design may just be one of
无障碍设计从道德上和经济层面来说
the most morally and fiscally responsible things we can do.
可能是我们能做的最负责任的事情了
So what do you think? What are some design improvements
你觉得呢?你认为哪些设计上的改进
that you think would benefit accessibility and usability in your life?
无论是在家 工作 学校或者是公共场合
whether it’s at home, work, school or a public space.
都可以提高生活中的无障碍性和易使用性?
Leave your thoughts in the comments below. Thanks for watching.
请在评论区留言 谢谢观看
This video is a part a series
这部视频是
where I discuss the various aspects of the interior design profession.
我对室内设计专业的部分看法
If you are interested, here are some more videos to check out
如果你感兴趣 这里有更多视频可供参考
and please subscribe for more.
订阅以获得更多信息
Until next time!
下次再见!

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

该视频从社会、经济角度介绍了无障碍设计不仅仅对于残疾人士而且对于普通人在日常生活中所带来的便利。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

小呆家皮皮齐!

审核员

审核员FW

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wBSy7VrGQVU

相关推荐