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为什么希腊的房子都是蓝顶白身? – 译学馆
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为什么希腊的房子都是蓝顶白身?

Why Greece Is Painted White And Blue

In Santorini Mykonos,
在圣托里尼和米克诺斯岛
it can be easy to get lost.
人们很容易就会迷路
Winding roads,twisting stairs and narrow streets
蜿蜒的道路 曲折的楼梯和狭窄的街道
can make the cities hard to navigate.
使这些城市很难通行
On top of that,
俯瞰城市
the region is made of just two colors,
可以看到这个地区只有两种颜色构成
white and blue.
白色和蓝色
The bright blue roofs contrasted by white washed walls
白色如洗的墙壁映衬着亮蓝色的屋顶
are an iconic image of Greece.
这是希腊的标志性形象
People initially think the colors originate
最初人们认为这两种颜色起源于
from the Greek flag or the bright blue evil eye.
希腊的国旗或是蓝色的恶魔之眼
But acctually,
但实际上
the color scheme originated from a different reason.
这种颜色组合起源于其他不同的原因
But first, it’s important to know that
但首先有一件重要的事情我们必须知道
although the colors can be a symbol of entire country.
那就是蓝色和白色是整个希腊的标志
White walls paired with bright blue trimmings
搭配着亮蓝色装饰品的白色墙壁
are a trademark of the Cyclades,
是基克拉迪群岛的标志
which are a group of Greek islands that include Santorini Mykonos and Naxos.
一个由圣托里尼岛 米科诺斯岛和纳克索斯岛组成的群岛
It’s also important to know that
同样重要的一件事就是
Greece wasn’t always white and blue.
希腊不仅仅只有白色和蓝色
The buildings are made up of stone mud
希腊的建筑是由石头 泥以及火山岩构成的
and volcanic material, which makes them a darker color.
这使得建筑物拥有了更暗的色调
Locals would use natural ingredients
当地人也会使用一些天然成分和绿黄色的石膏
and lime plaster to add colors to their buildings.
来给他们的建筑物增加颜色
For example, iron oxide turned white into a tinted pink.
例如他们会用氧化铁将建筑从白色转变为粉色
If you added ocher you’d get a yellow hue.
如果再加入一些赭石 就会得到黄色
So the Cyclades ended up being painted in iron red of earth tones.
所以最终 基克拉迪群岛被染上了一种大地般暗红色的色调
But when Ioannis Metaxas came to power in the 1930s,
但当20世纪30年代扬尼斯·迈塔克瑟上台后
he ordered all of the buildings to be plastered with white lime.
他命令所有的建筑都要被涂上白色的石灰
Lime was thought to have antibacterial properties
在当时石灰被认为有抗菌的作用
that could prevent the spread of diseases.
能够防止疾病的传播
Lime was also inexpensive and reflected sunlight,
同时石灰也十分廉价并且能够反射太阳光
that kept the buildings cool during the summer season.
使建筑物在夏季也能保持清凉
Blue originated from a cleaning agent called loulaki.
蓝色源于一种叫做loulaki的清洁剂
This was found a pretty much every home across Greece.
这种清洁剂在希腊的每户人家中都很常见
A couple taps of this mixed with lime
当大量的清洁剂和石灰混合
and you have the bright blue color we know today.
就可以得到我们今天看到的亮蓝色了
When Metaxas died,
当迈塔克瑟去世后
the islands transitioned back to the variety of natural colors.
岛屿的颜色又过渡回了更多样的颜色
But during the military dictatorship of 1967,
但在1967年的军事独裁期间
it became a law for all of the islands buildings to be blue and white.
法律规定 所有岛上的建筑都必须是蓝色和白色
The color showed patriotism unification and support
在那时 这种颜色展现了爱国主义 统一精神
for the country’s political agenda at the time.
和对国家政治事务的支持
The combination is also historically known to
在历史上白色和蓝色的组合
symbolize white waves crashing in the Aegean Sea,
因象征汹涌在爱情海的白色波涛
and the blue of the Greece sky.
和希腊的蓝色天空而闻名
Decades later the iconic image has become ingrained in our minds.
数十年之后 这种象征形象在人们心中已经根深蒂固
Although the laws are no longer in place.
尽管法律不再施行
A majority of the buildings have kept the traditional color combination.
大多数的建筑物依旧保留着原有的颜色组合
So now if you see the Cyclades from a bird’s eye view,
所以如果你看到基克拉迪群岛的鸟瞰图
you’ll notice a blur of bright white and
你就会发现在每一个岛屿上
bold blues dotting each Island.
都模糊地点缀着亮白色和明蓝色
If you visit, don’t be afraid to get lost.
如果你来到希腊游览 不用担心迷路的事情
Exploring the Cyclades picturesque color scheme
因为探索基克拉迪群岛如画般的颜色组合
is all part of the fun.
也是游览乐趣的一部分

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视频概述

希腊建筑物多是白色和蓝色的多种原因,从历史,文化,地理等方面进行的介绍。

听录译者

明镜无台

翻译译者

明镜无台

审核员

审核员_BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iwDVNUe4TIw

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