So here’s what happened.
Back in the day, Finland schools sucked
on the level that we’re suck on.
When they tested the world’s kids,
both Finland and us were usually about the same,
you know, somewhere down the list of nations.
But Finland didn’t like that.
So they tried some new ideas,
and in no time, Finland shot to the top of the world,
their students were No. 1.
How did they do that?
That was the one question I wanted to answer to,
and I went straight to see the enemies’ Minister of Education.
Before I could say anything,
she blurted out their top secret.
They do not have homework.
Wait, so you reduced the homework?
You’ve given them in schools?
They should have more time to be kids,
to be youngsters, to enjoy the life.
How many hours of homework did you get last night?
Um, about 10 minutes or something.
– 10 minutes’ homework? – Yeah.
Maybe 15 minutes or 20 minutes.
20 minutes. 20 minutes. Yeah.
20分钟 20分钟 对
Well, if I would’ve done the homework,
um, I think it would be like 10 minutes tops.
Usually I don’t really do homework that much.
The whole term, homework,
is kind of obsolete, I think.
In that way, that –
Your homework is obsolete?
Yeah yeah, in that way, that them, these kids,
they have a lot of other things to do after school.
-Like what? -Like being together,
like being with the family,
um, like doing sports, like playing music, like reading.
嗯 做运动 演奏乐器 阅读
So they have no homework,
what if all they want to do is climb a tree?
They could climb a tree, yeah,
they can come climb a tree then they learn how to climb a tree.
But they’ll end up
while climbing the tree, probably finding out about different insects
and they can come to the school next day tell me about what they found.
Compared to the older kids, how many hours a day did the younger ones go to school?
Um, Monday 3 hours,
Tuesday 4 hours, it varies, it’s 20 hours a week.
星期二4个小时 每天都不一样 每周20个小时
So there, oh man.
Now does these 3 or 4 hours at school include the lunch hour?
How are they learning anything?
How are you getting anything done?
Your brain has to, it has to relax every now and then.
If you just constantly work work work,
then you stop learning,
and there’s no use of doing that for a longer period of time.
Finland students have the shortest school days,
and the shortest school years in the entire western world.
They do better by going to school less.
How many languages do you speak?
English, yeah, Swedish, Spanish.
英语 瑞典语 西班牙语
Finnish and Swedish.
Finnish, English and German.
– Finnish and English. – English.
-芬兰语 英语 -英语
Swedish and French and Spanish.
– So you’re an exchange student in US? – Yeah.
When you get back here in school,
what did you notice that you felt relieved about?
Um, no more multiple choice exams, they –
No multiple choice exams here?
Or very few of them if any.
Cuz that all of my exams in the US –
How do you answer the question right if it isn’t listed as one of the four choices?
You write the answer.
– You have to know it, actually. – Yeah.
– You actually have to know it? – Yeah.
There was one thing I heard over and over again from the Finns,
it was that America should stop teaching to a standardized test.
Get rid of those standardized tests.
– National testing. – A standardized test.
The standardized testings.
What you’re teaching your students is to do well on those tests
and you’re not really teaching them anything.
No, we’re teaching them, we’re teaching them how to flunk a test,
不 我们教了 教他们如何不及格
and then a bunch of schools fail the test,
and those schools are turned into charge schools,
and then somebody makes a lot of money.
But school is about finding your happiness, finding what –
you know, finding a way to learn what makes you happy.
They figured out about 1/3 of the school time the students are in school
is spent preparing for the standardized test,
and so they’ve eliminated a lot of things that aren’t on the test.
So music is gone, art is gone,
– poet is gone. – Art is gone?
Yeah, in many schools.
Civics is even on the test, so now schools are driving civics.
– Really? – Yes.
– Civics, American civics. – OK.
-公民课 美国公民教育 -好吧
We get rid of poetry.
– Really? – Yeah.
– Yeah. – Why?
It’s a waste of time.
Whatever they’re going to learn, whatever they’re going to speak
as poets when they are adults,
how does that help them get a job?
We try to teach them everything that they need
so they can actually use their brains as well as they can,
including PE, including arts, including music,
这些课程包括体育 艺术 音乐
anything that can actually make brain work better.
The children should be baking, they should be singing,
they should be doing art and going natural walks and doing all these things
学艺术 去大自然中漫步 所有这类事情
because there is very short time that they’re allowed to be children.
If you don’t have standardized tests in Finland,
how do you know which schools are the best?
You know, people need a list.
The neighborhood school is the best school.
It is not different that than the school which can be,
for example situated in the town center,
because all the schools in Finland, they’re all equal.
When we move to a new city,
you never ask where the best school is,
it’s never a question.
So nobody has to shop for schools.
There’s nothing different in any of our schools,
we’re all the same.
It is illegal in Finland to set up a school and charge tuition.
That’s why for the most part private schools don’t exist.
And what that means is that rich parents
have to make sure that the public schools are great.
And by making the rich kids go to school with everyone else,
they grow up with those other kids as friends.
And when they become wealthy adults,
they have to think twice before they screw them over.
In United States, education is business, there’re corporations making money.
在美国 教育是生意 很多公司借此盈利
Here it’s so student-centered
that when we have to redo a playground,
they have the architects come in and talk to the kids.
– Will they, will they listen to them? – Yes, yes.
There are things on our playground that the students really wanted.
Be in school here is more independent.
– We were created more like adults than in the United States. – Yeah.
-比起美国 这里更把我们像成人一样培养 -对
I mean we don’t need a whole pass to go to the bathroom during class.
– Yeah. – Yeah.
You’ll see students commuting on the subway,
even as young as seven and eight going on their own to school.
When I started doing teacher training practice,
back in the US,
I was in these certain neighborhoods teaching these kids and telling them,
you can be anything you want to be when you grow up.
This is kind of a lie.
And when I came to Finland,
a lot of my teaching is based on what the kids want
and what they see for their future.
So it doesn’t feel so false to say
you can really be whatever you want to be when you grow up,
because they’re making it happen already, they already have such power.
That’s upsetting to think about that
that our kids don’t have that.
That’s really beautiful.
It’s not that we have figured out something that nobody else has done in education,
many of these things that have made Finland perform well in Education
are initially American ideas.
We try to teach them to think for themselves
and to be critical to what they’re learning.
We try to teach them to be happy person,
to be, respect others and respect yourself.
– You’re concerned with their happiness? – Oh yeah.
What the hell do you teach?
I teach math.
So the math teacher says, the first thing out of your mouth,
what you wanted these students to get out school was to be happy?
Have a happy life?
– You’re the math teacher? – Yep.
When do they have their time to play,
and socialize with their friends,
and grow as human beings?
Cuz there’s so much more in life around than just school.
You want them to play?
I want children to play.
And that was the principle.
I’m planting the American flag right here in the middle of your school
and claiming this great idea for us.
Thanks for stealing it.
– Ah, haha. – Hahaha.
– Yeah, that’s how we roll. – All right.
-是的 我们从这开始 -好的
So here’s what happened.