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为什么小学应该开设扑克课 – 译学馆
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为什么小学应该开设扑克课

Why elementary schools should teach poker | Liv Boeree

你认为应该在小学上扑克课吗?
Do I think we should teach poker in elementary schools?
是的 我认为游戏中的一些东西
yes, I think there are elements of the game
应该在教育的过程教授给他们
that you should teach in terms of like teaching because
因为扑克真的可以教人
what poker really does is teach
如何处理好概率与不确定性的问题
you how to deal with probabilities and uncertainties,
而这对生命是不可或缺的
and that’s so integral to life.
我们所做任何决定——“应该走这条路还是那条路
Everything we try to do— “ should we take this route or that route ,
应该去这里度假还是去那里度假”
should I go here on vacation or there ”
这都是在应对事物发生的可能性与
—it’s all about dealing with uncertainties and probabilities
不确定性
of things happening,
扑克能够以轻松有趣方式教孩子怎么应对这些
and poker is a very fun and easy way to teach someone how to do that.
遗憾的是
It’s a shame people often put poker
人们常常将扑克视为赌博
in the same ballpark as just general gambling.
只不过因为有些人利用它来赚钱
Just because some people choose to play it for money,
但你不必为赚钱而玩
but you don’t have to play for
而赢钱只关乎输赢
money—it’s just about winning.
你什么都能赢
You could win anything.
荣誉
You could win pride.
游戏经验或者金钱
You could win matchsticks or money.
我真希望我在十岁就能明白
And there is so many like core fundamentals
游戏的基本原理
of the game that I wish I had known at age ten,
这些想法
these ides,
这些关于期望值和概率的
these sort of ways of thinking about expected value and
思考方式
probabilistic thinking in general
能够解决我经历中的许多事
would have sped up a lot of things
这一点我深有体会
in my life had I been more aware of it.
比如学习如何评估情况
And also learning how to evaluate evidence;
学校就很少甚至没有教
that’s something that is not taught in school
这些给学生
or very rarely taught in school,
即学会怎样改变我们的思维 更新价值观
learning how to change our minds, update our beliefs.
当我们得到新的信息
When we get new information being
能衡量信息可靠与否
able to weigh is that information reliable or not
而玩扑克能教会你如何更精准地做出判断
and playing poker has taught me how to do those much more accurately. So,
所以扑克是一种能够通过
if there’s a way to teach children
游戏来教育孩子的方法
through a game, and children love to learn through games,
而且孩子们喜欢通过游戏来学习
poker could be one of those methods.
我认为能够形成数学思维
I think being mathematically minded is—there’s
其中可能涉及到一些天赋
probably some aptitude involved in it, but
我仍然认为绝大部分原因
I still think the vast majority
在于决心与实践
of it is down to the determination and practice.
你可以做一些事
You can take someone,
我是说如果你只是先理解数字的概念
I mean if you can just understand the concept of numbers in the first place,
我认为大多数人是容易做到的
which I think the vast majority of humans can,
在这之后你可以
then you can train someone to
进一步地培养他们的数学思维
be more mathematically capable.
这就像学习一门语言
It’s like learning a language;
开始你有想要学好的欲望
it’s almost like you have that initial passion and desire
然后才是一步一步地往前走
to get better, then it’s those little incremental jumps.
我遗憾的是总有人莫名感觉
And it makes me so sad when I meet people who are
自己数学很差劲
like “ I ’ m no good at math, no good at math ” and
如果坚持问为什么并回顾他们过去
if you actually keep asking them why and go back in their history it almost
就知道 大多都由于七岁时
always comes down to some bad experience they
所遭受的痛苦经历造成的
had when they were probably seven years old
当老师问他们 五乘五等于几?
and the teacher asked them “ what’s five times five?
他们一脸茫然 又受到
” and they screwed up and their
朋友无情的嘲笑
friends laughed at them,
如此障碍就形成了 他们就觉得自己
and then these barriers get built and they’re like “ oh it’s not
不是这块料
my thing”.
我觉得这是个很大的悲剧
And I think it’s just a huge tragedy
因为其中的大多数人足以
because most humans can learn to be at least competent
胜任基础数学 尤其是扑克中的数学
at basic mathematics, especially the mathematicsinvolved in poker.
这真的不难懂
It’s really not that complicated.
你可以多做些估算
There’s a lot of approximations
我就意识到之前
you can do and I found that I used to actually not be
我不擅长心算
very good at mental arithmetic.
如果笔算代数的话
I was fine if I had a pen
我自我感觉良好
and paper and algebra, that was,
但是计算的过程中
I liked that, but in the moment of,
我从没有心算过
mental arithmetic I could never do.
但我开始打扑克 练习心算
But I started playing poker and started practicing
现在我已经为我的心算能力感到骄傲
these things and now it’s a skill I’m proud of.
绳锯木断 水滴石穿
So it’s just a willingness to keep plugging away at it.

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视频概述

孩子数学成绩总不好,五乘五都吃力?先别着急去辅导班,玩玩扑克吧!

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=McDb1l1GMwM

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