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死在这里就违法了

Why Dying is Illegal in Longyearbyen, Norway

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In Longyearbyen, Norway it’s illegal to die.
在挪威朗伊尔城 死是违法的
Now,keen viewers will notice
热心的观众会注意到
that I’ve already talked about this place in HAI # 5,
我在《半分有趣》的第五期节目提到过这里
but any good writer knows that if something works once,
但优秀的作者都知道 当有些东西好用时
reuse it to death.
就会重复用到天荒地老
Sort’ve likewith Family Guy.
这有点像《恶搞之家》
Longyearbyen is just so interesting
朗依尔城非常有趣
and in fact,I should probably just go and film a video there
事实上 我应该去那里拍一个视频
but you know,it’s cold
但是那里很冷
Longyearbyen is so insanely far north
朗伊尔城非常靠北
that by going over the North Pole,
甚至越过北极圈
it’s closer to Barrow, Alaska than Milan, Italy.
它比意大利的米兰更靠近阿拉斯加的巴罗
It’s so insanely far north
由于位置极其靠北
that the sun does not rise for four months in the winter
这里的冬天有长达四个月的漫长极夜
and it stays up for four months in the summer.
夏天则会有四个月的极昼
It’s so insanely far north
尽管它如此靠北
that the average winter temperature has warmed six degrees
在过去30年里 冬天的平均气温
in the past 30 years.
已经升高了六度
oh wait,that’s not a very fun fact.
噢 这不是一件有意思的事
That’s not a very fun fact at all!
这一点都不好玩
For how far north it is,
因为它极其靠北
Longyearbyen is a surprisingly large town
朗伊尔城是一个超大城市
—over 2000 people live there.
人口超过2000人
In fact, there is no larger town further north than Longyearbyen.
事实上没有比朗伊尔城更北更大的城镇了
Because of this, Longyearbyen has the northernmost university,
于是 朗伊尔城就有了世界上最北的大学
cell tower, circus, art gallery,
信号塔 马戏团 美术馆
bowling alley, swimming pool, bus station, gas station, commercial airport, department store,
保龄球馆 游泳池 巴士站 加油站 机场 百货公司
bank, fire station, ATM, Toyota dealership, bar,
银行 消防局 提款机 丰田经销商 酒吧
and kebab restaurant in the world.
和烤肉餐厅
It’s a legitimate town,
这是个被法律承认的城镇
but it’s still 1,200 miles north of Oslo
但在奥斯陆北边1200英里的地方
so there are some quirks.
在那里有些 奇怪的规矩
For one, polar bears live there too
首先 北极熊也生活在那里
and they occasionally eat people, which is bad,
它们偶尔会吃人 这很危险
so it is actually illegal to leave the Longyearbyen area without a gun.
所以事实上住在朗伊尔城没有枪是违法的
Possibly for related reasons,
也许是因为这个
there’s also a monthly limit
朗伊尔每月会限制
to how much alcohol one can buy
人们购酒的数量:
at 24 cans of beer, 2 bottles of liquor,
啤酒24罐和烈酒2瓶
and half a bottle of fortified wine.
以及加度数的葡萄酒半瓶
While local residents carry an “ alcohol card ” to track their quota
当地居民有一张”酒精卡“ 以此来追踪他们的配额
visitors have to present their airline boarding pass
游客则需要在商店
from their arriving flight at the liquor store.
出示抵达航班的登机证
Longyearbyen even bans cats to save the local population of arctic birds.
这里甚至禁止养猫 来保护当地的极地鸟类
They just love banning things,
他们真的很喜欢禁止事情
but now for the clickbait—
现在回归正题
dying is illegal in Longyearbyen.
死在朗伊尔城是违法的
As you can probably tell,
你大概猜得出来
Longyearbyen is no beach resort.
朗伊尔城不是沙滩度假胜地
The average temperature in February is one degree Fahrenheit
这里的平均气温 二月只有1华氏度
so things tend to freeze and to stay frozen.
所以东西都是冻住的 并保持冻住的状态
In places as cold as Longyearbyen
跟朗伊尔城一样冷的地方
there is what’s known as permafrost.
就是众所周知的永久冻结带
By splitting this word into two,
把这个词一分为二
you can get a sense of what it means.
你就能明白它的意思
You see, “ perma ” means
你看 “perma”的意思
permit me to show you how to put this word into Google
让我把这个词用谷歌搜索给你看
so you can find out that
你会知道
permafrost is where the ground stays below freezing permanently.
永久冻结带就是那些永久处于冰点之下的地方
While it may rise above freezing above ground,
虽然表层土壤会解冻
places with permafrost, such as Longyearbyen,
有冻结带的地方 比如朗伊尔城
will always be below freezing below ground,
在地面以下的土层会一直结冰
which happens to be where you put dead bodies.
而这部分土层就是你埋尸体的地方
The same principle that keeps your chicken nuggets edible
跟鸡块保鲜的原理一样
for years on end in the freezer
你可以放冰箱里
does the same to bodies—not keep them edible,
同样的道理也适用于尸体 但不是为了食用
I mean I guess technically, but just… don’t
我的意思是从理论上讲 但是
eat people.
别吃人
While it may seem pretty great for bodies to not rot away,
看起来好像保持尸体不腐烂挺好的
it’s not.
其实不是
You see, in 1918
在1918年 有些人得了流感
a few people got the flu
确切地说
—about half a billion to be exact—
大概五亿人
in what came to be known as the Spanish Flu Pandemic.
这就是著名的西班牙大流感
Of the up to 100 million individuals who died,
在多达1亿例的死亡中
11 were in Longyearbyen
有11例在朗伊尔城
so they established a graveyard that looks like this.
所以他们建了一个像这样的墓地
When you put a corpse into a giant underground freezer
当你把尸体放进一个 巨大的地下冰箱
it turns out that you don’t just preserve the body,
你会发现
you also preserve the viruses inside the body
你不仅保存了尸体 还保留了体内的病毒
and so lurking below Longyearbyen
所以它们在朗伊尔城留了下来
are some of the only active samples
成为了为数不多的存活样本
of a flu strain that killed 5 % of the world’s population,
这种造成了全球5%人口死亡的流感菌株被留了下来
which is actually quite useful.
这也确实帮了大忙
Researchers still don’t fully understand
研究者仍然没有完全明白
why the 1918 flu was so deadly
为什么1918年的流感如此致命
and they don’t just have samples lying around,
也没有可供研究的样本
so these bodies buried in the arctic permafrost
所以这些埋在北极永冻土中的尸体
potentially hold some of clues that could stop a future global pandemic,
可能是阻止未来的全球流行病的线索
but in the meantime,
但与此同时
you really don’t want diseases that could obliterate future civilizations
你不会希望 消灭未来文明的疾病被保存在
just laying a few feet underground preserved for eternity, and Longyearbyen agrees,
仅有一步之遥的地下 朗伊尔城也同意这一点
so that’s why death is now illegal
这就是为什么在这个挪威小镇上
in this small Norwegian town.
死亡是违法的
If you’re near death,
如果你快要死了
you’re flown down to the mainland to live out your final days
你需要到大陆上度过你剩下的日子
and if you die unexpectedly,
如果你死于意外 很遗憾
well, there’s no space for you here.
这里没有地方给你下葬
If you want to start a travel agency for dead bodies,
如果你想为尸体开一家旅行社
you’re going to need a website and
你需要一个网站
there’s no better place to build your website than Squarespace.
那么没有比Squarespace更好的地方来建立你的网站了
Whether you run a company, a youtube channel,
无论你是开公司还是一个油管博主
a podcast, or anything else,
亦或是一名博客或者其他职业
you want your first impression to count
你想要给别人留下好印象
and Squarespace is the expert in exactly that
Squarespaces在这方面是个专家
because their beautiful customizable designer templates help you make a website
他们有好看的可定制的设计模版帮助你制作
that you can be proud of.
让你引以为傲的网站
Having a web presence for whatever you do is incredibly important
无论你从事什么职业 拥有一个网页都非常重要
since that’s how people find you,
因为这是人们找到你的渠道
and the best news is that
好消息是你可以
you can start building your website right now with SquareSpace for 10%off
现在进入SquareSpace.com/hai建立你的网站
by going to SquareSpace. com/hai
即可享受九折优惠

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视频概述

为什么死在这个地方会违法呢?本视频为你揭晓这个最北小镇的奇怪规矩

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

YXG-b9643

审核员

审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kETYvHON_I

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