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为何没有紫色国旗?

Why Don't Country Flags Use The Color Purple?

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现如今世界上共有196个国家
There’re 196 countries in the world today,
但实际上这些国家的国旗都没有紫色
and virtually none of them have purple on their national flag.
纵观历史 紫色从未用来象征王国 文明或帝国
Throughout history, purple was never used to represent a kingdom, civilization or empire.
那么紫色有何不妥呢
So what’s wrong with purple?
紫色可是当下的热门色
It’s such a popular color today.
那为何没有国家将紫色用在国旗上呢
Why would no country use it in their flag?
答案很简单
The answer is really quite simple:
紫色曾经一色难求 千金难买
purple was just far too expensive.
直到19世纪 国旗方能饰以紫色
No countries have purple on their flag because up until the 1800s,
紫色曾价比黄金
purple was worth more than its weight in gold.
紫色曾与王室 权力及国家财富紧密相联
The color purple has been associated with royalty, power and wealth for centuries.
事实上 伊丽莎白二世首次提出除却王室家庭近亲 严禁他人衣着紫色
In fact, Queen Elizabeth the first forbade anyone except close members of the royal family to wear it.
紫色的超然地位来源于其不可多得
Purple’s elite status stems from the rarity
以及生产染料的高消耗
and cost of the dye originally used to produce it.
起初制作紫色的染料来自于腓尼基的商贸城市提尔
The dye initially used to make purple came from the Phoenician trading city of Tyre,
即今日的黎巴嫩
which is now in modern-day Lebanon.
布料商从海螺中提取染料
Fabric traders obtained the dye from a small sea snail
这种海螺仅在提尔的地中海区域有迹可寻
that was only found in the Tyre region of the mediterranean.
制作染料的工序繁杂
A lot of work went into producing the dye,
10, 000只以上的海螺方能制出一克提尔紫色染料
as more than 10,000 snails were needed to create just one gram of Tyrian purple.
唯有富裕的统治者才有能力购买或穿戴紫色
Since only wealthy rulers could afford to buy and wear the color,
紫色逐渐与罗马 埃及和波斯的皇族形影相随
it became associated with the imperial classes of Rome, Egypt and Persia.
紫色也就代表了灵性及神圣
Purple also came to represent spirituality and holiness,
因为旧时帝王 君主及王后身着紫衣
because the ancient emperors, kings and queens that wore the color,
经常被视为上帝或上帝后裔的化身
were often thought of as gods or descendants of the gods.
尽管有时 哪怕是天潢贵胄 这种染料依然贵不可言
Sometimes, however, the dye was too expensive even for royalty.
第三世纪罗马帝王奥瑞利安
Third century Roman emperor Aurelion,
以禁止他的妻子购买用提尔紫色丝绸而制的披肩而闻名
famously wouldn’t allow his wife to buy a shawl made from Tyrian purple silk,
因为这竟然需要花三倍同等重量的黄金
because it literally cost three times its weight in gold.
一英镑的染料等价于三英镑的黄金
A single pound of dye cost three pounds of gold,
等同于今日56,000英镑
which is the equivalent of $56,000 today.
故而紫色的价格堪比天文数字
So since the sheer price of purple was so astronomically high,
凭举国之力 即使最为富庶的国家也无力为国旗的紫色染料买单
no one, not even the richest nations could afford to have purple on their flag.
约一个半世纪以前 紫色逐渐走下神坛 进入凡间
The hue became more accessible to lower-class is about a century and a half ago.
1856年 年仅18的英国化学家威廉 亨利 帕金
In 1856, 18-year-old English chemist William Henry Perkin
在合成奎宁即抗疟疾药物时无意间制出人造紫色合成物
accidentally created a synthetic purple compound while attempting to synthesize quinine, an anti-malaria drug.
他发现该合成物可应用于染布
He noticed that the compound could be used to dye fabrics,
故而他为这种染料申请了专利并规模生产 最后富得流油
so he patented the dye, manufactured it and got filthy rich.
紫色自那时起大量生产
Purple that was then mass-produced.
所以紫色对每个人而言不再望尘莫及
So just about everybody could afford it,
精英阶级也不再以紫为重 其地位象征也随之消逝
the elite stopped valuing purple and the status symbol faded away.
但是国旗依然不改如初
but the country flags remained the same.
自1900年以来 少量新国旗被重新设计
Since 1900, a handful of new national flags have been designed,
但选择用紫色的国旗依旧屈指可数
and a few of them have opted to use purple in their flag,
所以凡事皆有可能
so don’t be making any bets just yet.
幸运的是 你找到了其间的乐趣
Hopefully, you found this interesting.
有时候最简单的问题有多样的回答
Sometimes the simplest questions have the most fascinating answers.
更对精彩视频欢迎订阅本频道
For more interesting videos like this one, please sunscribe.
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视频概述

国旗颜色斑斓,图案繁多,但紫色却鲜少见到。这是为何呢?

听录译者

Seline

翻译译者

白泽

审核员

审核员 HZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYB-pmNs4VQ

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