大家好 我是西蒙 卫斯理
Hello, I’m Simon Wesley.
You are watching the “Today I Found Out” on Youtube channel.
And in the video today, we are answering the question:
why doesn’t the Queen of England need a passport?
Today I Found Out.comFEED YOUR BRAIN
As the reigning monarch of the United Kingdom, the Commonwealth,
and certain other countries that have since declared independence
but decided they kind of like having the Queen on their money.
Queen Elizabeth II enjoys a number of unique perks,
not bestowed upon any of her subjects.
These include being immune from prosecution for
any crime that she may happen to commit.
Justice is served in her name.
She cannot be compelled to give evidence in court.
She owns all of the dolphins, sturgeons and whales found in British waters.
She also technically owns all mute swans found on open waters in Britain.
She has the ability to declare a waron any other nation if she so desires it.
And most pertinent to the present conversation,
she doesn’t need a passport to travel abroad. So, why not?
The answer lies in the fact that all British passports are issued in the Queen’s name.
In fact, if you open up a British passport at the first page,
it reads “Her Britannic Majesty’s Secretary of State
requests and requires in the name of her Majesty
all those whom it may concern to allow the bearer
to freely pass without let or hindrance
and to afford the bearer such as assistance and protection as may be necessary.
In a nutshell, because a British passport is partially just a request from the Queen
to allow one of her subjects to travel freely beyond the borders of her country,
she doesn’t need one. She can just ask that in person.
Of course, a passport also has another purpose:
identifying the person in possession of it.
因此 当女王出游时 她必须像普通人一样通过类似的流程
As such, the Queen does have to jump through similar hoops as an ordinary person when she travels.
And it’s required to give her name, date of birth and occupation.
毫不意外地 她常常回答国外的行政 她的职业是女王
She, unsurprisingly, usually just answers Queen to officials upon arriving
in a foreign country. This is all made slightly more complicated in that.
Besides having no passport,
the Queen generally does not carry any sort of official picture ID.
She gets around potential issues. This might, otherwise,
of course, by having her aides clear her trips
with various state departments before she arrives.
This way, her arrival could be fast-tracked and
it helps ensure customs officials don’t give her any guff
for a lack of passport, or potential lack of any picture ID,
like if they didn’t believe she was the Queen or something.
Of course, given her recognizability throughout much of the world and
the fact that she often arrives with full entourage in her private plane,
this probably wouldn’t usually be an issue
even if she didn’t call aheads
And if you are curious
all other members of the royal family are required to have a passport, like anyone else.
Though their royal passports contain certain special instructions,
detailing their diplomatic status, allowing
them to scourge some of the normal sercurity checks.
Speaking of the Queen, generally not carrying around any official picture ID,
the law with being the only person in the UK to not need a passport,
the Queen similarly doesn’t need a driver’s license to drive either.
This is because, like passports, driver’s licenses are issued in her name.
So she’s simply allowed to vouch for her own driving ability
in person should she ever be pulled over.
Now, you’d think, that given her status and wealth,
the Queen would never drive, anyway.
But you’ll be wrong. You see during World War II,
the Queen, then a princess,
badgered her father to let her do her parts for her country,
and subsequently ended up serving as a mechanic and driver,
with the Women’s Auxiliary Territorial Service at the tender age of eighteen.
She’d actually registered the serve at the age of sixteen,
but King George wouldn’t allow it.
The Queen took her position incredibly seriously,
becoming, by all accounts, a competent mechanic and driver,
trained to fix and drive a post of military and suburban vehicles.
Fast forwarding a bit through history, a humorous story about the Queen’s
driving prowess comes from 1998 when she was visited at her estate
苏格兰的瓦尔 莫雷尔 当时的沙特阿拉伯王储
in Val Morel, Scotland by the then Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia,
Abdullah bin Abdulaziz al Saud.
The story was later revealed to the world by one time Saudi ambassador Sherard Cowper-Coles,
knowing Abdullah’s stance on the rights of women,
and the facts that women are essentialy banned from driving in Saudi Arabia.
There’s technically no law that says women can’t drive,
but licenses are only issued to men.
The Queen demonstrating quintessential British passive aggressiveness,
offered the prince a tour of her palace grounds.
Dutifully, the prince agreed and the pair headed outside
where a large Land Rover bearing the royal insignia was parked.
After waiting for the Prince to climb into the passenger seat,
where he no doubt assumed a chauffeur would drive the pair around,
the Queen then unchalantly climbed into the driver seat and proceeded
to drive the car much to the Prince’s astonishment.
According to ambassador Sherard, the Prince was extremely
nervous about this arrangement from the start.
Things did not get better for him. The then 72-year-old Queen,
knowing that Abdullah had never been driven by a woman before,
and no doubt observing his anxiety, decided to mess with him
by purposefully driving as fast as possible
on the narrow Scottish Estate roads.
As she sped along at breakneck speeds, the Crown Prince screamed at the Queen
through his interpreter to slow down and pay closer attention to her driving.
The Queen, ignoring his admonishments completely, continued pleasantly chatting
away as if she wasn’t doing her best, fast and the furious impression.
We can only imagine Abdullah’s reaction if the Queen
had mentioned to him that she never got her driver’s license.
And now for a random bonus fact.
耐克的“勾形”标志的创造者 卡洛琳 戴维森
The creator of the Nike “swoosh” logo, Carolyn Davidson, was only
paid thirty-five dollars for the design.
Davidson was a graphics design student at Portland State University when she
randomly encountered Phil Knight, who
was an assistant professor of accounting there at the time.
Knight overheard Davidson talking to a friend,
stating that she was short on funds,
So he approached her and offered to pay her two dollars an hour, about fourteen
dollars an hour today, to do some graphics work for his business,
Blue Ribbon Sports, which would evolve later into Nike.
A few years later, he hired her to make a logo similar
to the Adidas logo and conveyed “motion”.
Seventeen point five hours of work later, over the course of about three weeks,
one of her many doodles she presented to Knight was the
accented checkmark that is the Nike “swoosh”.
Knight eventually chose that one, speaking the words
that every designer dreams of hearing.
“I don’t love it. But I think it’ll grow on me.”
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大家好 我是西蒙 卫斯理