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为什么融化的奶酪这么好吃? – 译学馆
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为什么融化的奶酪这么好吃?

Why Does Melted Cheese Taste So Much Better?

这一集科学秀来自Brilliant
This episode of SciShow is brought to youby Brilliant.
访问Brilliant.org/SciShow了解更多
You can go to Brilliant.org/SciShow to learnmore.
[前奏音乐]
[ INTRO ]
它粘软 香甜 而且很美味
It’s ooey, it’s gooey, and it’s oh-so-delicious.
我们放在喜欢的菜肴里
It’s on some of our favorite dishes,
像披萨 玉米片
like pizza and nachos,
甚至能把我们讨厌的菜变得更美味
and it can even make our least favorite foods taste better
是的 我说的就是奶酪
Yes, I’m talking about cheese.
更确切地讲 融化的奶酪
Or more specifically, melted cheese —
因为奶酪很美味
because while cheese is delicious and
而且 许多人认为融化的奶酪 口感更好
a lot of people think the melted stuff is so much better.
这可能不是巧合
And that’s probably not a coincidence.
实际似乎有科学依据能解释
There actually seems to be a scientific reason
为什么人们更喜欢融化的奶酪
why people love melted cheese more than solid cheese.
所以下次想吃玉米片时
So the next time you’re reaching for those nachos…
要归咎于你的生物机能
you can blame it on your biology.
研究表明
According to the research,
“口感”起了很大作用
a lot of this has to do with something called mouthfeel
——这是一个描述口腔对食物感受的名词
— a term used to describe how food feels in your mouth.
相当简单的解释
It’s pretty straight forward.
研究显示 口感决定了
Studies suggest that mouthfeel plays a big role in
我们有多爱一种食物
how much we like a certain food,
而食物质地能影响我们有多爱这些吃的
and that something’s texture can even influence how much of it we eat.
2014年一个研究中
Take a study published in 2014.
研究人员做了五个实验
In it, researchers ran five experiments
让两组实验者尝试不同质地食物
where two groups of people ate foods with different textures.
有个实验 他们让83名大学生
In one experiment, they had 83 university students
一边吃软硬不同的布朗尼
eat either hard or soft brownies
一边观看广告
while watching advertisements.
科学家发现 软布朗尼组当然吃的更多
And the scientists found that the soft brownie group naturally ate more.
尽管人们不会只喜欢吃布朗尼
People don’t just have a soft spot for brownies, though.
调查发现 吃奶酪的时候
Surveys have found that, when it comes to cheese,
我们更喜欢吃柔软的那部分
we also tend to like things on the softer side.
科学家提出了几点原因
And scientists think there are a couple of reasons why.
一是我们倾向于喜欢
One is that we tend to like foods
不需要费劲嚼的食物
that don’t take a lot of work to eat-
这个解释说的通
which can make sense.
因为比起硬邦邦的糖果
It’s way easier to stuff your face with
塞一嘴绵软醇香的布朗尼 无疑更简单
a bounch of soft, fudgy brownies than a bag of rock candy.
当然 这不全面
But this isn’t the whole answer,
因为你的唾液等等都会影响
because the amount of effort it takes to eat
你进食所花费的气力
can also be influenced by things like your saliva.
例如有些人能更快地消化淀粉
For example, some people dissolve starches faster than others
因为唾液中含有
because their saliva contains
一种叫唾液淀粉酶的蛋白质
more of a protein called salivary amylase.
所以一些你觉得稠的食物
So something that feels really thick to you
别人会觉得很稀
might feel more runny to someone else.
而食物的构成
Another part of the answer,
是另一个原因
seems to be what the food is made of.
总的来说 人们喜欢高脂食物的口感
In general, people probably love the mouthfeel of fatty foods —
特别是从固态变成半固态或液态的食物
specifically, ones that go from solid to semi-solid or liquid,
比如奶酪 巧克力
like cheese or chocolate
因为它表示这种食物卡路里比较高
because it signals that the food is higher in calories.
而卡路里是我们的主要能量来源
And since calories are our source of energy,
我们对高卡路里食物的爱 源于进化优势
there’s an evolutionary advantage to loving foods with lots of them.
这或许能解释为什么高脂食物
Which probably also explains why fatty food is so good at
能刺激大脑反馈系统
activating the brain’s reward system.
所以对融化奶酪的爱
So really your love of melty cheese
可能是身体补充能量的一种方式
might be your body’s way of trying to fuel itself.
它含有卡路里
Between the calories and the fact that
又吃起来方便
it’s just so easy to eat,
我们怎能不爱呢
what’s not to love?
说到容易让人着迷的事物
And speaking of things that are easy to consume,
有试过Brilliant的每日挑战吗?
have you tried today’s Daily Challenge from Brilliant?
Brilliant以教育课程而出名
Brilliant is probably best known for its education courses
但他们的每日挑战也十分棒
but their Daily Challenges are also really good.
每天都有一个主题
And there’s a new one every day
关于数学 科学或计算机科学的
about a math, science, or computer science topics,
你可以在课间或回家的公交车上
and these questions are great for brushing up on your skills
通过回答问题来提高技能
between classes or on the bus home.
而且他们全都免费
and they’re totally free.
你现在就能开始每日挑战
You can do today’s Daily Challenge right now,
如果你想获得全部资料
and if you want to gain access to the entire archive,
成为高级会员吧 更优惠的是
you can become a Premium member and conveniently
通过链接Brilliant.org/SciShow注册的前200名用户
the first 200 people to sign up at Brilliant.org/SciShow
享八折年度高级订阅优惠
will get 20% off their annual Premium subscription.
快去购买吧
So, have at it
感谢一直对科学秀的支持
and thanks for supporting SciShow along the way!
[结束音乐]
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视频概述

本视频通过陈述人们对披萨等高热量食物的热爱及引用布朗尼实验研究的结果,证明了人们对高卡路里食物的追求是出自于进化本能和身体需要,解释了融化奶酪美味的原因。视频末尾照例宣传了视频源网站。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Brittany

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JTJMd-cTzKk

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