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咖啡为什么会促进通便 – 译学馆
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咖啡为什么会促进通便

Why Does Coffee Make You Poop?

很多人都是咖啡爱好者
A lot of you folks are a coffee lovers, but aside
但咖啡除了能让我们兴奋外
from the buzz we get from a cup of joe, there
还有另外一个明显的副作用
is often one other… noticeable side effect.
那就是咖啡为何可以促进我们排便
Why on Earth does coffee make us have to poop?
众所周知
So it’s widely understood that coffee
咖啡对部分人群有通便作用
has a laxative effect on some people.
但具体的原因无从知晓
What’s not so clear is why.
有一段时间 人们认为是咖啡因所致
For a while people blamed caffeine,
但脱因咖啡也具有同样的效果
but the same effect can be had from decaf as well.
更何况在功能饮料或碳酸饮料方面
Not to mention, people don’t commonly have
这样的反应并非普遍存在
this sort of response to energy drinks or sodas,
那究竟是什么在咖啡里面产生了作用
so what else is going on in a cup of joe?
当你喝咖啡的时候
When you drink coffee,
其中的酸性物质对胃产生了影响
its acidic nature has an effect on your stomach.
咖啡能够使胃分泌强烈的胃酸
Coffee causes the stomach to secrete a heightened
这是一种能帮助身体
level of gastric acid, a digestive compound
分解蛋白质的消化液
that helps your body break down proteins.
咖啡也包含了一种叫做绿原酸的复合物
Coffee also contains a compound called chlorogenic
来增加胃酸水平
acid that increases stomach acid levels.
酸度的增加使胃更快地
This boost in acidity can cause the stomach to dump
推动消化物进入肠道
its content more quickly into the intestines.
这可能是众多作用因素之一
This could be one of many contributing factors.
经证实 在摄入咖啡的四分钟之内
It has been proven that coffee affects the movement
大肠的运动便会受到影响
of the large intestines within four minutes of ingestion
如同大吃了一顿
similar to the way a large meal does.
咖啡中有近1000种不同的复合物
There are nearly 1000 different compounds found inside a cup of coffee,
同时科学家们确信
and while scientists can be certain that
其中至少有一种是罪魁祸首
at least one of these is the culprit,
但是他们依然还无法确定
they still aren’t quite sure yet
是什么引起了消化
which triggers this digestive call-to-arms.
另一方面 他们意识到
On the other hand, they do have a sense of
这些神秘的化学物质
what this mystery chemical or chemicals
一旦进入肠道便造成实质的影响
are actually doing once inside your guts.
人体会产生两种激素来消化食物
The body produces these two hormones to help digest food.
不论是普通咖啡或脱因咖啡都已被证实
The consumption of coffee, decaf or not, has been showed
可以提升这些产生于体内的化合物水平
to increase the levels of these compounds produced in our body
增强其一般作用
enhancing their general effects
胃泌素是一种通过
Gastrin is a hormone that is released to help
结肠的全速蠕动从而释放的激素
get the colon up and running at full speed.
因此 胃的激活过程可称为
To do that, gastrin activates process called
肠蠕动 即肌肉组织的舒张和收缩
peristalsis – the relaxation and contraction
呈波状来运送
of muscles that happens in waves to help move
残渣到达最终目的地
waste to its final destination.
肠促胰酶素也促使
Cholecystokinin also causes the release
消化酶和胆汁的释放
of digestive enzymes and bile,
使得排便更为规律
which help regulate the process of pooping.
顺带一提 这种排便反应已被证实
By the way, this pooping effect has been shown to
仅会在大约3/10的人群中出现
only occur in about 3/10ths of the population
如果你是其中一员 那你可以想象到自己的独特
so consider yourself special if you’re one of those three.
由此可知 正如诸多
So we’ve kind of got the answer, but like many
科学界研究一样 我们需要更多的时间
things in the scientific world, we need more time
和大量的科学依据来论证传闻的真实性
and more science to get the story straight!
想知道其它关于食物化学过程的问题吗
Got any other food chemistry questions?
可在评论区畅所欲言
Post them down in the comments.
想学习更多关于排便的知识吗
Interested in learning more about poop?
观看电视节目《重大科学》中的视频
Check out gross science for their video on
《远古粪便带给我们的启示》
What we can learn from ancient poop.
此外 走进科学频道的
Also, make sure to check out Inside Science TV’s
新视频《视觉假象的形成》 同样不容错过
new video on how visual illusions work.
欢迎订阅该频道并在观看后点赞
Don’t forget to subscribe and hit the thumbs up button on the way out.

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视频概述

咖啡通便原因大解密

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翻译译者

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JQO6VgqdM9I

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