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一周为什么有七天? – 译学馆
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一周为什么有七天?

Why Do We Have Days Of The Week?

大家好 欢迎来到 Life Noggin
Hey, there.Welcome to Life Noggin.
当你在观看这个事情的时候 时间也在流逝
As you were watching this video, time is ticking away,
生命的分分秒秒在过去
Seconds of your life are passing.
在视频的最后
And by the end of this video,
几分钟就过去了
a couple of minutes will have gone by.
有的时间单位有实际意义
Some units of time make sense.
一天就是地球顺着其轴旋转一次所花费的时间
A day is a time it takes for the Earth to rotate once on its axis.
一个月就是月球
A month is a time it takes for the Moon
绕着地球的轨道运行一次所花费的时间
to orbit around the Earth once.
一年就是地球
And a year is a time to take for the Earth
绕着太阳轨道运行一次所花费的时间
to orbit around the sun once.
那么其他时间单元没有清晰的定义吗?
What about other units that don’t have a clear definition?
像秒或者天一样
Like seconds or days?
我能编造自己的时间单元 或者使用它吗?
Can I just make up my own unit of time or use it instead?
当然可以 我能说一团时间
Sure I can, I can say that a glob of time
就等于我早上用来醒来的时间
is equal to the time that takes me to wake up in the morning.
但没人可以使用那个单位
But no one is gonna to use that unit.
因为它可以改变 只对我是特别的
because it changes and it’s specific to just me.
所以我们必须使用其他东西
So we have to use something else.
追溯到公元前1500年(双关语)
Going back in time (pun intended)to 1500BC,
古埃及人将日出
The ancient Egyptians used sundials
和日落之间的时间
that devided the time between sunrise and sunset
分为12个相等间隔的日晷
into twelve equal intervals.
通过记录天空中某些星星的出现时间
During the dark hours between sunset and sunrise,
在日落和日出之间的几个黑暗小时期间
the time is also splited into twelve intervals,
也被分为12个间隔
By tracting the appearance of certain stars in the sky.
与这结合在一起 一天就有了24个小时的
combining these together, one day has twenty-four time slices,
时间碎片 也就是小时
which we call hours.
同时在公元前2000年
Meanwhile in 2000 BC,
巴比伦人使用六十进制
The Babylonians used the base sixty numbering system
来进行天文计算
to make astronomical calculations.
这就意味着他们使用了数字 比如1或者60
This means that they used numbers like one, sixty and
以及3600来进行计算
3,600 to count.
与我们使用的
Similarly to how we use one,
十进制里的10和100类似
ten and one hundred in our mind base ten numbering system.
使用六十进制
Using this base sixty system,
分和秒被创造出来
Minutes and seconds were created
最终在16世纪用于钟表
Which were eventually used in clocks in the sixteen century.
所以我们能用所有这些术语来很好地解释一天
So we can explain the day pretty well
但是一周呢?
with all of these terms, but what about weeks?
再一次 我们能追溯到巴比伦人
Once again, we can trace this back to the Babylonians.
7对于他们来说是一个神秘的数字
Seven was a mystical number for them.
这代表七个包括太阳 月亮 和五个其他星球的
This represented the seven heavenly body who included the sun,
神圣的身体
moon and five planets.
同样地 巴比伦人似乎已经在探寻月亮变化的规律
Also the Babylonians seem to have tracked the differences of the moon
发现他们大约每七天就会发生改变
and found they changed about every seven days or so.
七天系统也受到犹太文明的欢迎
The seven days system is also popular in jewish civilizations.
但是它直到公元321年罗马帝王
But it wasn’t until 321 A.D. that the Roman emperor
康斯坦丁制作了七天周制
Constantine made the seven-day week official.
很多天是以北欧神命名的
Most of the days are named after Norse gods.
托尔是星期四 佛亚是星期五
Thor for Thursday, Forya for Friday.
然而 罗马人不得不命名其中一天
However the Romans got to name one,
这天可能就是
And this one is arguably one of the best
一周中最好的一天 即星期六
days of the week – Saturday
它是以农神命名的 他掌管着土地和农业
It is named after Saturn got fertility
巧合的是他也掌管时间
agriculture and coincidentally time.
所以 一周整整七天只是传统
So really the whole seven days of week thing is just tradition.
它可能是其他任意数字
It could be any other abitrary number,
但我们的祖先决定了使用七
but our ancestors decided on seven.
但告诉我们 你想要一周有多长?
But tell us, how long would you like the week to be?
如果让你为其中一天命名
And if you come up with a new name for a day,
你会起什么名字
What would it be?
记得每周一和周四收看全新视频
Make sure you come back every monday and Thursday for brand new videos.
我是拉克莱 这是LIFE NOGGIN
I am Lacle, this is been LIFE NOGGIN.
不要忘记继续思考
Don’t forget to keep on thinking it.

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译制信息
视频概述

时间的定义解释 自己一周七天的由来

听录译者

小盒子

翻译译者

呵呵呵呵

审核员

审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Kw6FW4mM1-k

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