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为什么我们吃生鱼但不生吃鸡肉 – 译学馆
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为什么我们吃生鱼但不生吃鸡肉

Why Do We Eat Raw Fish But Not Raw Chicken?

你是否曾经在吃生鱼片的时候突然会想:为什么我们能吃生鱼
Have you ever been snacking on some sashimi and paused to wonder: why do we eat raw fish
却不吃生鸡肉呢
but not raw chicken?
事实上吃任何未熟的肉都有可能有健康风险
Really, eating any kind of raw meat comes with some health risk to humans, depending
这取决于生肉是如何屠宰 储存和加工的
on how it was slaughtered, stored, and prepared.
但有一些生肉风险会更高 因为不同的动物体内有着不同的微生物和寄生虫
But some are more iffy than others, because different animals have different microbes
它们某些对人类的危害确实严重
and parasites inside them, some of which are really nasty to humans.
鱼则是这些动物中较安全的一种
Fish is on the safer end of the spectrum.
鱼通常不携带对人类有害的细菌 但我们确实
It doesn’t usually carry bacteria that are harmful to humans, but we do have to watch
会发现一些寄生幼虫 像蛔虫 绦虫或者是吸虫
out for parasitic worm larvae like , roundworms, tapeworms, or flukes.
如果你吃了受感染的生鱼肉 幼虫将会在你体内成熟并侵染你的器官
If you eat infected raw fish, the larvae will mature into worms that can latch onto organs
然后造成严重的危害
and cause some serious damage.
有时为了保存而将鱼冰冻 只要温度够低
Sometimes fish is frozen for storage, and if it’s cold enough, any parasites or bacteria
任何寄生虫和细菌都会死亡
hanging around will die.
但是将鱼煮熟是确保鱼没有感染能力的最好方法
But cooking fish is the best way to make sure everything infectious is gone.
只要你的寿司来源干净卫生的厨房 一般没什么大问题
But if your sushi comes from a clean, reputable kitchen, it’s probably safe to eat.
但其他那些肉类呢 如牛肉 鸡肉和猪肉
Now, what about other meats, like beef, chicken, and pork?
在这些动物身上存活的细菌一般都是沙门氏菌和大肠杆菌
The bacteria that live in these animals, like strains of Salmonella and E. coli, tend to
比起鱼身上的细菌它们对人类的危害更大
be more dangerous to humans than any that live in fish.
许多有危害的微生物一般存活在家畜内脏里 而不是我们食用的肌肉部分
Many harmful microbes live in cattle guts, not the muscle where we get cuts of steak.
但如果在屠宰场屠夫穿刺了牛的消化道 那么它极有可能被感染了
But beef can be contaminated if a butcher punctures the digestive tract.
所以肉类表面可能会附有细菌
So steaks might have bacteria on the surface.
通常高温足以杀死任何感染物 其余体内剩下的则
Usually a good, hot sear is enough to kill off anything infectious, and leaving the inside
没有问题 因为它们没有生存的条件了
red is fine, because it’s sterile in there.
搅碎的牛肉会更危险 因为肉质表面的细菌
Ground beef is more treacherous, because any germs living on the surface of the meat get
完全混合其中
mixed inside.
此外 它也会携带更多类的其他肉类 所以一头被感染的牛
Plus, it tends to contain meat from multiple animals, so one contaminated cow means bad
再拿去搅碎的话这真是件坏事
news for an entire batch of ground beef.
这也是为什么你不应该点半熟的汉堡的原因
That’s why you should probably not order totally rare hamburgers — they should be
它们应该彻底的加工煮熟
cooked all the way through.
当生鸡肉和生猪肉在一起时 那是相当的危险
The meats firmly on the dangerous-when-raw list are chicken and pork, which might be
它们所携带的有害细菌完全超过了牛肉
carrying even more harmful microbes than beef.
有感染能力且能造成腹泻的弯曲杆菌
Infectious, diarrhea-causing Campylobacter
一般成株地生存在鸡内脏中
strains can live in chicken guts.
拥挤肮脏的鸡圈意味着生鸡
And the crowded, dirty conditions at many chicken farms mean that lots of raw chicken
被污染了
may be contaminated.
另一面 猪身上通常
Pigs, on the other hand, have historically
含有旋毛寄生虫 即使现代农场科技已经可以阻止
harbored the parasitic worm Trichinella spiralis, although modern farming practices mostly prevent
阻止它的传播
it from spreading.
猪的肌肉组织可能会含有幼虫 所以如果你吃了被感染又没煮熟的猪肉
The larvae form cysts inside the muscle tissue of pigs, so if you eat infected, undercooked
可能就会有一些幼虫寄生在你的内脏中
pork, some worms will make a home in your guts.
加工安全的寿司和半熟肉排吃起来会很美味
So sushi and rare steaks can be delicious when they’re prepared safely, but you should
但你在吃鞑靼猪肉时应该密切注意
always pass on the pork tartare.
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视频概述

本视频告诉我们一些吃肉时需要的注意事项,又长知识咯。

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收集自网络

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【MO】哒

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9aoTr9CbHew

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