ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

我们为何会哭泣? – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

我们为何会哭泣?

Why Do We Cry?

当你在看一部伤心的电影的时候,你是否会坚定的告诉自己你不会流泪,或者在经历一次
Whether it is during a sad movie you swore you would never tear up in, or a heart-wrenching
心痛的与初恋分手时,哭泣看上去像是情绪混乱的一种
break-up following your first love, crying may seem like a strange physical
奇怪生理反应。为什么当我们的情感需要宣泄的时候我们的眼泪就出来了那?
response to your emotional turmoil. Why do we start the waterworks when we feel
你真的悲伤吗?除了弄花眼妆之外,是否还有生理优势或其他用途
really sad? Is there a biological advantage or purpose other than washing
其实,不只有动感情的时候才会落泪
your face or streaking your mascara? Well crying does not only happen when you are
眼泪实际上可以分为三种类型。
emotional, there are actually three types of tears. Basal tears are perpetually
最基础的一种眼泪是持久存在的,主要是为了防止眼睛干涩
lubricating your eyes keeping them from drying out, while reflex tears act in
或者是作为受到刺激后的自然生理反应(比如被洋葱呛到或是灰尘眯到)
response to an irritant like onions or dust.
这始于一个从大脑释放荷尔蒙的连锁反应
They begin a chain reaction releasing hormones from the brain which then
然后触发了位于眼睑的腺体流泪 这些泪水对消除刺激
trigger a tear response from the glands in the eyelids. And these tears help to get rid
起一定作用
of the irritant.
至于因悲伤而流泪,这是一种特别的、人类独有的现象
But tears of sadness? Strangely this leaky face phenomenon is exclusive to
目前有多种解释理论
humans with a couple different theories as to why. And one is strikingly similar
其中一种解释的原理与人类脸红类似,我们在之前的节目中介绍过
to the reason we blush, which we described in a previous video here. In
很多时候,感性的眼泪在他人眼中常被看做是悲伤或不幸的信号
many cases emotional tears are able to act as a signal to others of our
这很难伪造
genuine sadness or distress. That is not always easy to fake. Your tears blur
眼泪会模糊你的视线 特别是会不利于任何进攻或防守的动作
your vision, essentially handicapping any aggressive or defensive actions sending
这给附近的人送出了缓解或依恋的信号
those nearby a signal of need appeasement or attachment.
从进化论观点方面看 这对接近你的人
From an evolutionary perspective, this increases communication with those close
增进了沟通 最终会提高你存活的几率
to you and ultimately your chance of survival.
某些实验曾经将人们哭泣的照片
Some experiments have even taken photos of people crying and made copies
其中的泪水用数码技术抹掉 果然 人们会
with the tears digitally removed. Not surprisingly, people rated the pictures
认为有泪水的照片更加悲伤 没有泪水的往往让人感到困惑 像是猜疑
with tears to be more sad, while the ones without were often confused with puzzlement,
又像是敬畏 或者其它的表情
awe or other expressions.
那么欢乐的泪水呢?也许它们没什么不同
But what about tears of joy? Well perhaps they are not so different, afterall tears of
毕竟幸福之泪也许仍然是一种我们情感流露的社交信号
happiness may still be used as social signals for how we feel, and are thought to
会被认为能强化人们之间的情感纽带 而且这两种情绪在大脑里的
strengthen bonds between people. Also both emotions see activity in similar
活动区域 是相同的 例如下丘脑和基底核
regions of the brain, such as the hypothalamus and basal ganglia
都恰好连接着泪腺
which just happen to be connected to your tear glands.
另一种理论是说哭泣是你身体的一种机制
Another theory suggests that crying is one of your body’s mechanisms to
用来发泄你的压力 有趣的是 反射性的流泪和情感型的流泪
literally shed your stress. Interestingly reflex tears and emotional tears have
具有非常不同的成分 情感型的泪水会有更高的
very different compositions. Emotional tears have much higher levels of
蛋白质含量 学名叫促肾上腺皮质的荷尔蒙
proteins, in particular some called adrenocorticotropic hormones
它与高压力有联系 因此某些人会说哭泣会帮助舒缓
which are linked to high stress levels. And some say crying helps to release these
来自于身体的导致压力的化学元素,但是这个研究是局限的
stress chemicals from the body, but the research here is limited and not yet
而且缺乏证据
conclusive.
那么 没问题
So go on,
好好的哭一场吧
have a good cry,
让世界知道你感受并将你的压力释放
let the world know how you feel and potentially let out that stress.
有一个你想问的问题
Got a burning question you want answered.
在评论上问吧 或者在Facebook和Twitter上 快来订阅我们这个每周一个的科学视频吧
Ask it in the comments, or on facebook and twitter. And subscrice for moreweekly science videos.

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述
听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

收集自网络

审核员

自动通过审核

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QGdHJSIr1Z0

相关推荐