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海象为什么有胡子? – 译学馆
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海象为什么有胡子?

Why Do Walruses Have Mustaches?

(音乐起)
[MUSIC PLAYING]
(叫声)
[ROAR]
大家好,今天我们来谈谈 怪~野~美~
Hello, and welcome to Weird, gross, and Beautiful,
一个偶然的机会听到关于那些怪异、
a casual discussion about the animals that I think
粗野或美丽或三者都有的动物的讨论
are weird, gross, beautiful, or all three.
那么今天,我们要说的是 海象
Today, we’re talking about the walrus.
(…..)
Brrr-aw!
海象一般在北极圈内
Walruses can be found in the Arctic Circle
和它们的伙伴们在一起,偶尔也会出现在阿拉斯加
with all of their friends, or sometimes in Alaska.
而现在,他们应该在北极圈
Right now, they are supposed to be at the Arctic Circle.
可是因为气候变化,那里已经没冰了
But because of climate change, there is no ice.
真的是一点冰!都!没!了!
There’s no ice at all.
所以它们就顺流而下,游啊游
And so they have swam down, some 35,000 of them
大约35000头海象现在就堵在阿拉斯加呢
right now are hanging out in Alaska.
这显然不是第一次发生了哟
But it’s not the first time that this has happened.
2007、2009、2011分别都出现过
It happened in 2007, 2009, and 2011.
现在的冰层范围是
The extent of the ice is the sixth lowest
史上第6低。
that it’s ever been, ever– like, in history.
从来没有过35000头出现过
35,000 of them.
那是相当多
That is so many.
为啥这么多?
Why are there so many?
因为他们是群居动物
Because they’re very gregarious animals.
它们喜欢一起出来溜达
They like to hang out.
它们结伴的队伍很庞大,
They have groups that they hang out
从几十到几千
in that range from the tens to thousands.
海象很大
Walruses are so huge.
事实上,他们是世界上最大的海洋鳍状哺乳动物
They are one of the largest flippered marine mammals,
…………之一
in fact.
成年公海象可以达到大约3700磅
The males can weigh up to like 3,700 pounds.
它们的皮肤占了体重的20%
Their skin makes up about 20% of that weight.
而它们的皮下脂肪层厚度
And the blubber that’s underneath the skin
大约能达到半英尺
is half a foot thick.
它们。。。有点肥
They’re chubby.
但是,很可爱
They’re so cute.
我想和它们斗一斗
I just want to struggle with them,
但你不会这么做的
but you shouldn’t do that.
它们领土意识超强,而且很危险
They’re very territorial and very dangerous.
没错,它们有獠牙
Yeah, them tusks, though!
它们(獠牙)能长到大约3英尺长
They can grow to be about three feet long
而且犬齿可以
and are actually canine teeth that
伴随它们一生
grow like throughout their life.
无论公母,都有獠牙的
They’re found on both males and females.
它们用獠牙做很多事情
And they use them for a variety of reasons.
有时候用来拨水,
Sometimes they use it to haul themselves out of water,
因为太大了(碍事)
because they’re so big.
它们就像。。(你懂得)
And so they’re just like, ah-ugh!
然后它们漂上岸
And then they flock onto the shore.
它们会用牙去在冰上凿个通气孔
And they also use it to make breathing holes in the ice.
所以它们能在水下待大约30min
So they can be under water for about 30 minutes.
尽管不是很久
But since that’s not a lot of very long time– I mean,
我是说与他们最长能呆的时间相比
obviously, compared to us it’s very long–
但它们还是需要通气孔
but they need them breathing holes.
雄性会用獠牙进行攻击
The males can also use their tusks aggressively
以保护它的领土和后宫佳丽们
to maintain their territory or protect their harems.
后宫佳丽,就是。。一群母海象
Harems are groups of the lady walruses
她们都只伺候一只公海象
that all have sex with one dude.
大约1只公海象能有23只母海象吧(也太幸福了。。)
The walrus harems have a ratio of 1:23, give or take.
但幸好这些佳丽们直到7、8岁
But fortunately for the gals, they don’t start giving birth
才可以“造人”
until they’re about seven or eight years old.
而且它们每三年
And they’ll only give birth every three years,
才能生一次,因为孕期是15个月
because the gestation period is 15 months.
一旦它们有宝宝了
And once they have the babies, the babies
宝宝们要赖着妈妈两年多才能独立
need help from their mamas for over two years.
对公海象来说,这不是个事儿(手动坏笑)
It’s not like it matters, because he’s
因为他还有其他22个选择呢(XD)
got 22 other [BLEEP] to choose from.
宝宝出生的时候,就灰常大了
When the babies come out, guys, they’re huge!
大约99-165磅
They come out weighing anywhere from 99 to 165 pounds!
我勒个去
Ow!
它们每天能增重2磅
And they gain two pounds per day.
简直疯了
That’s insane.
我明白,他们是为了保护自己
I mean, it’s to protect themselves
为了抵御严寒。毕竟,它们通常都在北极圈儿里待着
from the cold, because they live in the Arctic, usually,
通常,那里。。还都是有冰的
when there’s ice there.
你看,海象脸上会有这些
The walruses have these little like
像胡子一样的东西,对吧?
mustachey-looking whiskers, right?
它们超级可爱,我特别喜欢
And they’re so– they’re super cute and I love them.
但那不是毛发。。
But they’re not hairs.
它很像猫的胡须。
They’re actually very similar to cat whiskers.
都不是摆着玩儿的
They are functioning organs.
它们学名叫做。。MV
And they’re called mustacial vibrissae.
嗯。。
Hey, mustacial?
就像是胡子一样
Just like a mustache.
它们非常敏感
They’re very sensitive, and so they
所以可以用来寻找五种海象最喜欢的“零食”
will use them to find their favorite snacks, specifically
特别是在海底的贝类
like shellfish, at the bottom of the sea floor.
他们会用他们的小胡子
And they’ll use their little whiskers.
像这样,哼唧,哼唧,哼唧,哼唧(地找食物)
They’re going to be like, oink, oink, oink, oink,
咳咳,这是我想象的它们在海底的声音
is how I image they sound on the bottom of the sea floor,
虽然,基本不可能对
although, that’s probably very inaccurate.
爱丽丝梦游仙境里面的海象就是这样。。
That walrus in ‘Alice in Wonderland’ was a douche.
一个超粗鲁的角色
What a rude cartoon character.
他吃了所有的小牡蛎
He ate up all those little oysters.
它们还是孩子呀
They were just babies.
朋友们,这些海象就是怪异,粗鲁但却很美丽的
Man, these walruses are weird, gross, and beautiful.
谢谢大家的观看
Thank you so much for watching Weird, Gross, and Beautiful.
我的名字就是……Catie Wayne
My name is Catie Wayne.
如果你喜欢我,要在推特上面关注我哦
And if you would like to, you can follow me on Twitter
名字就叫catiewayne,还可以推荐喜欢的的动物给我
at catiewayne, and suggest an animal for me to cover.
本周的动物是由Molly Fosco推荐的
This week’s animal was suggested by Molly Fosco.
亲爱的,谢谢你
Thank you so much, my love.
mua
Mwah!
如果愿意,可以在这里点播节目
And if you would like to, please check out this video over here
关于我们是如何屠杀这个星球上一半动物的
about how we killed half of the animals on the planet.
小可爱,再见啦,再也不见
Bushbabies, see you never in my life,
因为我杀了一半的你们
because I killed half of you!
请点赞并转发给你的朋友们
And please like and share this video with your friends.
棒棒哒,我爱你们
And you know, I love you all so much.
我们下次见哦
And I’ll see you next time.
拜拜……
Bye.
muamuamua~
Mwah!
(片尾)
[HOOTING]

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