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为什么这些药物会让人做噩梦? – 译学馆
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为什么这些药物会让人做噩梦?

Why Do These Drugs Cause Nightmares? - Dear Blocko #28

Hey there!

Welcome to Life Noggin!
欢迎来到《品生活》
Hey there!
嘿 这里
Welcome to another episode of Dear Blocko.
欢迎收看新一集的 亲爱的Blocko
This is the show where I answer your questions about your world and my world.
在本期节目中我会回答你们的问题 关于你的世界和我的世界
Let’s get started.
下面开始吧
Austin D. asks Dear Blocko,
Austin D.问道 亲爱的Blocko
Why Do Some Drugs Cause Intense Dreams?
为什么有些药物会导致激烈的梦?
Intense dreams that we can easily remember when we wake up,
激烈的梦就是我们醒来时很容易记起的梦
also known as vivid dreams,
也被称为生动的梦
are caused by a number of different factors, including certain medications.,
它是由多种不同的因素如一些特定的药物引起的
These include beta-blockers used to reduce blood pressure,
包括用来降低血压的β受体阻滞剂
drugs for conditions like Parkinson’s disease,
用来治疗帕金森病等疾病的药物
and antidepressants.
和抗抑郁药
Scientists believe these medications are able to affect dreams
科学家认为这些药物能够影响梦境
because of their influence on the sleep cycle,
是由于它们对睡眠周期的影响
specifically the REM stage, which is when dreams are most vivid.
特别是快速眼动阶段 也就是梦最生动的时候
Drugs like beta-blockers–which are responsible for
在临床试验中 像β受体阻滞剂这样的药物
one-third of nightmares reported during clinical trials
是三分之一的噩梦的罪魁祸首
–and antidepressants suppress REM sleep.
而抗抑郁药会抑制快速眼动睡眠
While it may seem like this would result in less intense dreams,
虽然这看起来能使梦不那么激烈
scientists believe, from studying the effects of antidepressants,
但通过对抗抑郁药效果的研究 科学家们认为
that they actually just delay REM sleep until later in the night.
它实际上只是把快速眼动睡眠推迟到了深夜
Antidepressants can also inhibit a certain neurotransmitter
抗抑郁药还能抑制特定的
which results in more disturbances to sleep structure.
会对睡眠结构造成更多干扰的神经递质
Second question up.
第二个问题
Carmillo asks Dear Blocko
Carmillo问道 亲爱的Blocko
Can you explain what dyslexia is?
你能解释一下什么是诵读困难症吗?
My brother has it and I want people to know what it is.
我兄弟患有这种症状 我想让人们知道它是什么
I’m happy to help, Carmillo!
我很乐意帮忙 Carmillo
Dyslexia is a learning disorder that makes it difficult to read,
诵读困难症是一种学习障碍 导致人阅读困难
While their intelligence level may be normal,
尽管他们的智力水平可能是正常的
individuals with dyslexia often read at a significantly lower level.
诵读困难症患者的阅读水平通常很低
This is because their brains process information a little differently when reading,
因为他们的大脑在处理阅读信息时有些不同
using different parts of the brain that aren’t as efficient.
使用的是大脑阅读效率不高的其他部分
The characteristics and severity can vary,
尽管其特征和严重程度可能不同
but those with dyslexia often have a hard time
但诵读困难症患者通常都在
spelling, sounding out words, or with quick responses.,
拼写 发音 和快速回应上有困难
It is estimated that up to 20 percent of the population have at least some symptoms.
预计多达20%的人群都或多或少有一些症状
Dyslexia can make school more difficult,
诵读困难症会使上学有些困难
but with the right teaching methods, learning environment, and support,
但是通过正确的教学方式 学习环境和支持
those with dyslexia are able to succeed.
阅读困难症患者也能获得成功
and now it’s time for questions about me and my world
现在向我和我的世界提问
Mr Mayor McCity asks Dear Blocko
McCity市长问道 亲爱的Blocko
How many cities do you have in your world?
你的世界里有多少个城市?
well the animator obviously made blocktropolis, that’s where I live,
动画师显然创造了我生活的block城
but he’s also crafted other cities too!
但他也精心创造了其他城市
We have Steaksville, Cows live there.
我们有牛排村 奶牛们住在那里
We have Oldsburg – The old tiny animations live there.
我们有古老镇 年迈的小小动画人物们住在那里
Mocko’s actually from there.
Mocko就来自那里
and we have snuggle gumdrop city.
我们还有橡皮糖城
It’s not what you think.
不是你想的那样
It’s a city made of fire.
这是一座由火组成的城市
The whole thing is on fire.
整个东西都着火了
Second question up Pizza king asks Dear Blocko
披萨王提出第二个问题 亲爱的Blocko
What happened to the journey of New Jersey?
新泽西之旅怎么样
Well pizza king, I’ll share this video slideshow of us
披萨王 请看这段关于我们
getting pretty close to seeing the knowledgable one.
如何接近博学者的视频
We made it to the secret cave in new jersey,
我们去了新泽西的秘密洞穴
We got and we were immediately greeted with traps!
我们走进去马上就遭遇了陷阱
There were arrows. Fire pits. Snake pits,
有箭 火坑 蛇坑
a giant slice of a pizza with a knife.
还有一块持刀的巨大披萨
We managed to get to the knowledgeable one’s secret chamber,
我们设法进入博学者的密室
but we needed to solve a riddle to get the door to open.
但我们需要解开一个谜才能打开门
We couldn’t figure it out!
我们没能解开
If you guys have any idea how to solve this one,
如果你们知道如何解开密码
please let me know! We’ll go back!
请告诉我 我们会回去的
So do you have questions about your world and my world!?
你有什么关于你的世界和我的世界的问题吗
Let me know in the comment section below
请在下方评论区留言
and make sure you use the hashtag dear blocko
一定要使用亲爱的Blocko这个标签
so I can find it!
我才能找到它
Wanna watch MORE dear blocko?
想看更多亲爱的Blocko吗
Check out the previous one we did!
看看我们之前的视频吧
Dear Blocko What would happen if the air was 100% Oxygen?
亲爱的Blocko 如果空气中的氧气含量为100%会发生什么呢?
well, first off, the plants of the world would probably be pretty unhappy.
首先 世界上的植物可能会很不开心
As always, my name is blocko, this has been life noggin,
我是Blocko 这里是《品生活》节目
don’t forget to keep on thinking!
别忘了要继续思考噢!

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视频概述

你知道为什么有些药物会让你做恶梦吗?而且它们通常十分生动。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

三顷

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审核员LJ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ot2O_OtYcWc

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