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为什么喵星人的行为这么古怪? – 译学馆
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为什么喵星人的行为这么古怪?

Why do cats act so weird? - Tony Buffington

喵星人为何这么做?
Why do cats do that?
它们很可爱 很讨人喜欢
They’re cute, they’re lovable,
从油管上超过2百万个
and judging by the 26 billions views
260亿次播放数的喵星人
of over 2 million YouTube videos
猛扑
of them pouncing,
弹跳 攀爬 挤进某个空间 或跟踪猎物
bouncing, climbing, cramming, stalking,
用爪子挠 喵喵叫 或发出咕噜声的视频来看
clawing, chattering, and purring,
有一件事是肯定的:
one thing is certain:
喵星人让人们很开心
cats are very entertaining.
这些有点奇怪的猫性行为
These somewhat strange feline behaviors,
令人感到既愉快又困惑
both amusing and baffling,
于是许多人要问:猫咪们为什么要这么做?
leave many of us asking, “Why do cats do that?”
一直以来 猫咪既是
Throughout time, cats were simultaneously
独来独往的小动物捕食者
solitary predators of smaller animals
又是大型食肉动物的捕猎对象
and prey for larger carnivores.
捕食和被捕食并存
As both predator and prey,
喵物种的幸存者
survival of their species
就倚赖它们极为重要的出于本能的行为
depended on crucial instinctual behaviors
这些行为如今仍能在野猫和家猫身上看到
which we still observe in wild and domestic cats today.
尽管这些行为出现在你的喵格里兹莫身上
While the feline actions of your house cat Grizmo
看起来令人很困惑
might seem perplexing,
但在野外 这些同样的行为
in the wild, these same behaviors,
已在数百万年前就被猫咪自然习得了
naturally bred into cats for millions of years,
这些行为会使格里兹莫成为一只超级喵
would make Grizmo a super cat.
得益于它们独一无二的肌肉结构
Enabled by their unique muscular structure
和非凡的平衡能力
and keen balancing abilities,
猫咪们能爬上高处的有利位置 俯瞰自己的领地
cats climbed to high vantage points to survey their territory
并寻找可能的猎物
and spot prey in the wild.
当然 今天的格里兹莫有自己的宠物碗
Grizmo doesn’t need these particular skills to find and hunt down dinner
因此不需要这些具体的搜寻晚餐的技巧
in her food bowl today,
但本能驱使 她仍会站在书橱顶俯瞰客厅
but instinctually, viewing the livingroom from the top of the bookcase
这些正是她不断进化要做的事
is exactly what she has evolved to do.
作为野生食肉动物 猫咪们会投机取巧
As wild predators, cats are opportunistic
抓住每次可以捕捉猎物的机会
and hunt whenever prey is available.
由于猫咪的猎物大部分都很小
Since most cat prey are small,
野外的喵每天就需要吃很多餐
cats in the wild needed to eat many times each day,
用跟踪 猛扑 杀死 咀嚼的策略使自己不饿肚子
and use a stalk, pounce, kill, eat strategy to stay fed.
这就是格里兹莫喜欢追逐和扑向小玩具
This is why Grismo prefers to chase and pounce on little toys
每天时不时就要吃点东西的原因
and eat small meals over the course of the day and night.
此外 在自然环境下
Also, small prey tend to hide in tiny spaces
小的猎物喜欢藏在狭小的地方
in their natural environments,
所以这也是格里兹莫偏爱盒子和开口的东西的
so one explanation for Grizmo’s propensity
一种解释
to reach into containers and openings
就是因为她被同样的好奇感——
is that she is compelled by the same curiosity
即多少年前就已经存在的
that helped ensure the continuation of her species
帮助自己物种绵延的好奇感所驱使
for millions of years before.
在野外 它们为了便于攀爬 捕猎和自我防御
In the wild, cats needed sharp claws
需要尖利的爪子
for climbing, hunting, and self-defense.
利用身边的物体磨尖爪子
Sharpening their claws on nearby surfaces
使它们保持状态 时刻准备着
kept them conditioned and ready,
有助于拉伸背部和腿部肌肉
helped stretch their back and leg muscles,
也能减轻一些压力
and relieve some stress, too.
所以格里兹莫并不是讨厌你的沙发
So, it’s not that Grizmo hates your couch,
椅子 软长椅 枕头 或窗帘
chair, ottoman, pillows, curtains,
或是其他你放在她活动范围内的她所能接触到的东西
and everything else you put in her environment.
她把这些东西撕成条状
She’s ripping these things to shreds
是为了使她的爪子处于最佳状态
and keeping her claws in tip-top shape
因为她的祖先为了活命
because this is exactly what her ancestors did
正是这样做的
in order to survive.
而作为被捕食者
As animals that were preyed upon,
它们进化到不让别的动物捉住
cats evolved to not get caught,
在野外环境中 猫咪是躲避
and in the wild, the cats that were the best
强大捕食者的最佳者
at avoiding predators thrived.
所以今天在你的屋子里
So at your house today,
格里兹莫极善于蜷缩进小空间
Grizmo is an expert at squeezing into small spaces
以及寻找并躲进稀奇古怪的地方
and seeking out and hiding in unconventional spots.
同样也解释了为什么她喜欢
It also explains why she prefers
干净的没有气味的猫砂盆
a clean and odor-free litter box.
因为不会把她的位置暴露给任何
That’s less likely to give away her location to any predators
在周围嗅探的捕猎者
that may be sniffing around nearby.
想想我们知道的猫咪的方方面面
Considering everything we do know about cats,
似乎其中的一个最明显的行为
it seems that one of their most predominate behaviors
仍然是最神秘的一个
is still one of the most mysterious.
猫咪们很多情况下都会咕噜咕噜叫
Cats may purr for any number of reasons,
比如开心 压力 或者饥饿
such as happiness, stress, and hunger.
有趣的是 它们咕噜声的频率
But curiously, the frequency of their purrs,
是在25到150赫兹之间
between 25 and 150 hertz,
这个范围恰好在促进组织再生的频率范围内
is within a range that can promote tissue regeneration.
所以在咕噜的时候 格里兹莫不仅是一个极好的小憩同伴
So while her purring makes Grizmo an excellent nap companion,
也可能她的咕噜声
it is also possible that her purr
正在治愈她的肌肉和骨头
is healing her muscles and bones,
也许连你的也一起治了
and maybe even yours, too.
随着时间变迁
They developed through time
它们既是独来独往的捕猎者 捕捉并杀死猎物做食物
as both solitary predators that hunted and killed to eat,
也是秘密的被捕猎者 通过躲避和逃跑求得生存
and stealthy prey that hid and escaped to survive.
所以今天的猫咪保留了很多同样的本能
So cats today retain many of the same instincts
使得它们能在野外环境中兴旺了数百万年
that allowed them to thrive in the wild for millions of years.
这也解释了一些它们看起来很奇怪的行为
This explains some of their seemingly strange behaviors.
对它们而言 我们的家就是它们的丛林
To them, our homes are their jungles.
但假如真的是这样 那在这些猫咪的眼中
But if this is the case, in our own cat’s eyes,
我们又是谁?
who are we?
大块头的 愚蠢的 无毛的
Big, dumb, hairless cats
和它们争夺资源的猫咪吗?
competing with them for resources?
是它们每天都能超越的
Terribly stupid predators
愚蠢至极的捕猎者吗?
they’re able to outsmart everyday?
或者它们认为我们才是猎物?
Or maybe they think we’re the prey.

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视频概述

喵星人为什么咕噜咕噜叫,为什么要抓花沙发,为什么要缩进抽屉里?

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

海参崴

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审核团V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sI8NsYIyQ2A

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