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为什么美国公司会离开美国本土? – 译学馆
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为什么美国公司会离开美国本土?

Why Do American Companies Leave America?

有时你会听到一家美国公司收购外企
Sometimes you hear in the news about a U.S. Company buying a foreign company
并将总公司迁往海外的新闻 产生这一现象的原因有很多
and moving its headquarters overseas. Well, this can happen for many reasons.
原因之一就是税收倒置
One of them is a tax inversion
但是什么是税收倒置 为什么公司要税收倒置 为什么你需要注意它
But what are tax inversions, why are companies doing them and why should you care?
原因如下
Here’s the reason why.
美国企业需要缴纳占其利润35%左右甚至更多的企业所得税
U.S. companies pay corporate tax rates of around 35 percent or more on their profits,
但在美国 外企公司需要缴纳的税收要比他们少很多
while their foreign competitors pay much less in their countries.
如果你的企业在国外有分公司或者销售产品 你会在国外被征税
And if your company has locations or sells products in overseas, you get taxed on those
并且当你将从国外挣的钱带回美国时 要再次被征税
profits in the foreign country and again when you bring that money back to the United States.
这就叫做双重课税 而外企竞争者不需要缴纳它
This is called double taxation and your foreign competitors don’t have to pay it.
这一政策影响了美国公司在新产品和工作上竞争,发展以及再投资的能力
This hurts your company’s ability to compete, grow and reinvest in new products and jobs.
这并不能解释为什么美国公司会离开美国本土
Hmmmm…now that doesn’t make sense.
现在回到税收倒置
So, back to the tax inversion.
如果你的公司总部在美国 想要确保有与国外企业竞争的能力
If you’re a company based in the U.S. and want to make sure you stay competitive with
并避免公司被外企并购 你应该怎么做
your foreign counterparts, and protect your company from foreign takeovers, what can you do?
目前的美国税收制度允许你收购一家外企
The current U.S. tax system allows you to buy a foreign company
并且使用他们的总部作为公司的总部
and use their headquarters as your own.
因此你就不用缴纳高额的境外收益税
That way you don’t have to pay the higher U.S. tax rates on foreign profits
即使你依然需要为在美国所获得的利润缴税
even though you still pay U.S. taxes on your profits in America.
此举可以让你保留更多的利润并投资新工厂
This move allows you to keep a lot more of your profits and invest in new factories,
雇佣新工人以及研发新产品
employees, and products.
这样说吧:假如你住在一个城市 但你要去另一个城市上班
Look at it this way: Let’s say you lived in one city but commuted to another.
如果按照同样的规则征税 你会被两个城市征收所得税
If the rules were set-up so you were taxed by both cities on
这在本质上就是双重课税 因此你会考虑搬到
your income—essentially double taxation—you would probably consider moving to the city
税率低的城市
with the lower tax rates.
这并不意味着你贪婪 不忠 你只是适应当前存在的规则体制
It wouldn’t mean you were greedy, or disloyal—you would simply be working within the system
这就能解释为什么美国公司会离开美国
of rules that exists. Now…that makes sense.
因此下次听到政客在抱怨美国公司迁往海外时
So the next time you hear a politician complaining about American companies moving overseas,
记住是政客首先通过这些法律鼓励公司
remember it was politicians who passed the laws that encourage companies
迁往海外的
to move away in the first place.
如果政客们能停止斗争 降低企业所得税税率 终止双重课税
If politicians would stop fighting with each other, lower corporate tax rates and end double taxation,
美国企业会拥有更强的竞争力 也就不需要倒置税率去保住工作
U.S. companies could compete better and wouldn’t need to invert to protect jobs
和生意
and their businesses.

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