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为什么理发店外都有这个旋转的柱子 – 译学馆
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为什么理发店外都有这个旋转的柱子

Why Barbers have a Pole outside their Shop

This episode is sponsored by Wix
本节目由Wix赞助
Go to wix.com/go/simplehistory
现在就去wix.com/go/simplehistory下
to create a website now.
创建一个网站吧
Why barbers have a pole outside their shop
为什么理发店门外会有一根柱子?
Barbers poles are a familiar sight today
如今理发店的柱子已经十分常见
They can be static or revolving,
它们可以是静止的 也可以是一直旋转的
are colored in red and white,
它们上面的颜色是红白相间的
or in the United States red, white and blue.
或者在美国 它们由红白蓝三种颜色构成
But do you know what the meaning behind the pole is?
但是你知道这个柱子背后的故事吗?
The barber’s pole goes all the way back to medieval times
理发店柱子的历史可追溯到中世纪
when barbers were also surgeons
那时理发师也是医师
In Medieval Europe
在欧洲中世纪时
hairdressing and haircutting was just one of many jobs that barbers performed
理发仅仅是理发师所从事的众多工作之一
barbers could perform surgery including leeching cupping enemas
他们从事外科手术包括 水蛭吸血 拔罐 灌肠
amputations and bloodletting
截肢和放血
which was the cutting and bleeding of the patients to release
划开病人的皮肤并放血 排出那些
What was thought of as humors : blood, phlegm,
被认为是体液的东西:血液 粘液
yellow bile and black bile
黄胆汁和黑胆汁
Which needed to be in balance
这些体液需要保持平衡
It was believed that letting out the bad blood
人们认为排出坏血
would encourage healthy new blood to replace it
会促进大量的健康的新血代替它
And this became the standard treatments for everything from the plague to a sore throat
这成了用来治疗从瘟疫到喉咙痛的一切病症的标准治疗方案
The reason barbers became surgeons was
理发师成为医师的原因是
because monks who had up to this point performed surgery and medicine were
从事外科手术和药物治疗的僧侣们
Prohibited to do so anymore by Pope Alexander the 3rd in 1163
在1163年被教皇亚历山大三世禁止了
He saw the function of letting blood as incompatible with the clergy
他认为放血这个职务和僧侣不搭
and physicians saw this too menial
而内科医师觉得放血的工作不太体面
this opened up a market for barbers
这就为理发师开辟了一个市场
To advertise their services and to remind people of their routine bloodletting
为了宣传他们的服务并提醒人们他们的放血疗程
barbers left bowls of customer’s blood out their shop windows
他们把顾客的血一碗碗的放在店外的窗户下
Barber surgeons also performed dentistry
理发师也从事牙医这个工作
and to advertise this they would string teeth in a row outside the shop
为了宣传这个 他们会放一串牙齿在店外
In 1307 in London this form of advertising was banned
这种宣传方式1307年在伦敦被禁止
with customers blood ordered to be disposed off into the Thames straightaway
顾客们的血液也被直接处理到泰晤士河中
This made barber surgeons think of a new way to advertise their services
这促使他们想一种新方式去宣传服务
During the bloodletting process the patients would squeeze a pole
在放血过程的病人会用力抓住一根柱子
so that their veins would be more exposed
这样使病人的血管暴露得更明显
Making it easier for the barbers to cut them
以便理发师能更容易的
with a special tool called a fleam
将一种叫做放血针的特殊工具扎进血管
This pole sometimes had a brass ball at the top to hold leech
柱子顶部有时会有一个黄铜球用来装水蛭
and a basin was held underneath to collect the blood
并且有一个盘子在下面收集血液
Bandages would be wrapped around the arm to stem the bleeding
绷带被缠绕在手臂上用来止血
and then wrapped around the pole after use
使用后就被缠绕在柱子上
After the barber surgeon was finished with the patients
理发师给病人做完手术后
this pole along with the washed bandages tied to it
这根柱子连同绑在上面洗过的绷带
was hung outside the shop to advertise his business
一起被挂在店外以便宣传生意
soon barbers were placing a replica of the pole
不久理发师们用一根
Painted in white and red stripes outside their shop instead of the real thing
涂着白红条纹的模型柱子代替了原来的柱子
which has evolved into what we see today
这个模型逐渐发展成了我们看到的柱子
The red represents the blood bandages
红色代表血绷带
while the white represents the clean ones
白色代表干净的绑带
the ends of the pole symbolized
柱子的两端象征着
the ball that contained the leeches and the basin which collected the blood
装有水蛭的球和收集血液的盆
The spiral may represent the way the wind sometimes blew the pole into a spiral pattern
螺旋可能代表着柱子被风吹成螺旋状
or the downwards direction Which arteries carry blood
或动脉运输血液向下的方向
When the barber-surgeons company was established in 1540
当1540年理发医师医院成立时
the trade between barbers and surgeons was more defined
理发师与医师的职业范围更加清晰
And barbers were now only allowed to extract teeth
现在理发师只允许拔牙
They issued a statute
他们颁布了一项法令
that required barbers to use a blue and white pole
要求理发师用蓝白相间的柱子
while surgeons had to use a red and white pole
而医师必须用红白柱子
By the 18th century medicine was changing
到了18世纪医学界发生了变化
and in 1745 in England the trade of barber and surgeon was formally separated
在1745年 英国理发师和医师的生意内容正式分开
Barber poles in the United States are red white and blue
在美国 理发师的柱子是红白蓝三种颜色
one theory is that the blue represents the veins
一种理论认为蓝色代表血管
and another theory is that the blue was added as a sign of patriotism
另一种理论认为蓝色是爱国主义的象征
a naught to the nations flag
与美国国旗上的蓝色无关
Barber surgeons advertise their services Using a pole with bandages back in medieval times
在中世纪 理发医师用绑着绷带的柱子来宣传他们的服务
and you can advertise your profile or business with wix,
如今你可以用wix宣传你的信息或公司
go to wix.com/go/simplehistory
赶快去wix.com/go/simplehistory网站下
to create a professional site regardless of your skill level
创建一个专业网站 不论你的技能水平如何
Wix has great features to bring your site to life
Wix有强大的功能来把你的网站生活化
such as Wix videos Wix pro-gallery Wix bookings
例如Wix视频 Wix Pro图库 Wix预订
and solutions for all kinds of sites
以及适用于所有类型网站的解决方案
such as e-commerce, music, hotels, events, restaurants and more
例如电子商务 商业 音乐 酒店 活动 餐厅等等
Build your own website and support our channel
想建立自己的网站并支持我们的频道
by going to wix.com/go/simplehistory
您可以访问wix.com网站
or simply click the link in the description below to get started
或者直接点击描述里的链接来开始吧

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视频概述

理发店外旋转柱的历史

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Q-O7gvg5_VI

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