ADM-201 dump PMP dumps pdf SSCP exam materials CBAP exam sample questions

为什么人类会感到尴尬? – 译学馆
未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

为什么人类会感到尴尬?

Why Are Humans Awkward?

We all can recognize awkwardness when it happens,
我们都能够意识到尴尬的发生
but some people seem more prone
但是有些人似乎比其他人更易于
to awkward moments than others
陷入尴尬的时刻
They have to adapt to society’s social norms,
他们必须适应社会规范
but it’s hard because their brain’s function a little bit differently.
但很难做到 因为他们的大脑功能有点不同
So – why do humans feel awkwardness?
那么 人们为什么会感到尴尬呢?
According to Ty Tashiro, author of the appropriately-titled book ‘Awkward’,
据《尴尬》一书的作者Ty Tashiro所说
this is part of human evolution.
这是人类进化的一部分
In hunter-gatherer times,
在以狩猎采集为生的的时代
sticking with social norms,
遵守社交准则
like saying thank you when someone gives you something,
就像是别人给你东西时你要说谢谢
or waiting your turn for food,
或者排队等候领取食物
was a way to keep tight-knit groups together
是让群体紧密团结在一起的方式
and keep out anyone who might be a threat.
并把可能造成威胁的人拒之门外
Today, we’re still sensitive to tiny, even silly social customs
如今 我们仍然对无关紧要甚至愚蠢的社交习俗很敏感
like responding to “how are you” with “fine” as a sign of mutual respect.
比如用“很好” 来回答 “你好吗” 以示相互尊重
When you deviate from those norms, it’s awkward.
当你偏离这些规范的时候 就会尴尬
And for some people, these social graces just don’t come naturally.
对某些人来说 这些社交礼节并不是与生俱来的
Take eye contact, for example.
比如说 眼神交流
Studies say the right amount of eye contact during conversations
研究表明 谈话时目光接触的合适时间
is about 3.3 seconds.
是3.3秒
But awkward people don’t instinctively do that.
但是尴尬的人本能上做不到这样
But when we don’t look people in the eyes,
然而当我们不看别人的眼睛时
it makes them feel socially ostracized.
会令他人感到被排斥
According to Tashiro’s work,
Tashrio的书中提到
awkward people tend to look at other parts of the face,
尴尬者往往会看向脸上的其他部位
like the chin or the ear, more than the eyes.
比如下巴或耳朵 而不是眼睛
Therefore, they might end up alienating the person they’re talking to,
因此 他们最终可能会疏远他们的谈话对象
and missing out on important information about how that person might be feeling.
并且错过了解对方想法的重要信息
The good news is that if your brain isn’t great at social cues,
好消息是 如果你的大脑不擅于理解社交暗示
it might be good at other stuff instead.
它可能会擅长其他的事情
Research shows that many autistic people
研究发现 许多自闭症患者
are amazing at memory, pattern recognition and problem solving.
在记忆力 图案识别和问题解决方面表现惊人
Similarly, awkward people, Tashiro says,
同样 Tashiro说 尴尬的人
often have obsessive interests in talents.
往往拥有自己痴迷的兴趣和偏好
The biggest one is called the “rage to master,”
最常见的一种被称为“疯狂学习”
which comes from research on gifted kids.
这个结论来自于对天才儿童的研究
It means that awkward people will
这意味着尴尬的人
want to soak up everything they can about their field of interest.
想要尽可能多地了解他们感兴趣的领域
And they’ll work at it for much longer than non-awkward people will
并且 他们会比非社交尴尬者钻研的时间长得多
Only about 15 percent of the population is awkward, according to Tashiro.
Tashiro表示 只有约15%的人是尴尬者
But this issue of awkwardness will become
但“尴尬”这个问题将会
increasingly important as we rely on artificial intelligence to interact with humans.
随着我们依赖人工智能同人交往变得越来越严重
He writes that one of the biggest reasons people find robots off-putting
他写到 机器人之所以不受欢迎
is that they can’t quite get social routines down.
最大的一个原因是它们无法真正学会社交惯例
They stand too close to people,
它们站得离人太近
or they interrupt at the wrong time.
或者不合时宜地打断别人
In other words, the robots are awkward.
换句话说 这些机器人太让人尴尬了
Robotics researchers are trying to overcome this
机器人技术研究人员正在试图克服这种情况
by teaching the robots stories about human behavior
他们教授机器人有关人类行为的故事
and rewarding them whenever they act like a non-awkward human world.
并且在它们做出非尴尬者的表现时给予奖励
In that way, the robots are like awkward people themselves,
这样 机器人如同那些尴尬者一样
studying social interaction like a second language.
像学习第二语言一样学习社会交往
But at least for now,
不过至少现在
awkward people still have an easier time mastering human interaction.
尴尬者仍然能够比较轻松地掌握人际交往能力
This is You Are Here,
这里是《You Are Here》
a new series about the science behind everyday life.
一个关注日常生活背后科学的新系列
Let us know what topics you want us to explore in the comments.
请在评论区告诉我们你想要探讨哪些主题
I’m Olga Khazan, thank you for watching.
我是Olga Khazan 谢谢观看

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

介绍了人类会尴尬的原因,以及这些容易尴尬的人有什么特点

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Coco

审核员

审核员BY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W1vCojXxoCo

相关推荐