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为什么黑猫会被认为不吉利? – 译学馆
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为什么黑猫会被认为不吉利?

Why Are Black Cats Considered BAD LUCK?

人们为什么认为黑猫不吉利?
Why Are Black Cats Considered Bad Luck
数世纪以来 人们一直相信黑猫或多或少会带来厄运
The belief that black cats are somehow bad luck has enjoyed for centuries.
它是迷信和恐惧的源头 甚至被认为是霉运
Black cats were always a cause of superstitions, fear or even considered bad luck.
事实上 在早期埃及时期 人们很尊崇猫 包括黑猫
In fact, in early Egyption times, cats including black ones were worshiped,
杀死猫的人会被判死罪
and killing one was considered a capital crime.
直到中世纪的欧洲
It wasn’t until the Middle Ages in Europe
由于黑猫与所谓的巫术关联起来
that the reputation of black cats started to go downhill
人们的崇敬才逐渐减少
as they began to be associated with so-called witches.
那时女巫们练习黑魔法的狂潮刚抵达欧洲
The hysteria of witches practicing black magic had just hit Europe.
由于街头巷尾的猫通常由贫穷孤独的老妇人照看喂养
and alley cats were often cared for and fed by the poor lonely old ladies
她们便因巫术而饱受诟病
later accused of witchery.
她们的猫伴侣——其中一些是黑猫 则受到牵连 被认为是罪恶的
Their cat companions, some of which were black, were deemed guilty by association.
这一观点后来经过15世纪70年代英格兰林肯郡的
Then this belief was taken up a notch when a folklore involving a father and son
一个传说(主角是一对父子)发酵后而广为流传
in Lincolnshire, England in the 1570s started making the rounds.
据说这对父子在一个无月的晚上旅行
They were said to have been travelling one moonless night
突然一只黑猫从他们面前的路经过 进入一个窄小的空间
when a black cat crossed their path and dove into a crawl space.
很自然地 这对父子做了人们都会做的——
Naturally they did what people do
朝这只猫不断地扔石子 直到这个受伤无助的生命
and pelted the cat with rock until the helpless, injured creature
匆忙地跑进一个女人的房子
scrurried into a woman’s house,
而那时候人们怀疑这个女人已经变成了女巫
who at the time was suspected to have been a witch.
后来第二天 这对父子看到了这个女人——
Then next day the father and son saw the same woman
她走路一瘸一拐 身上还有瘀伤
and she was limping and bruised
在那个时代 人们脑中想得当然不只是巧合
which of course in that time in minds was more than a coincidence.
所以从那天起
So from that day on in Lincolnshire,
林肯郡的人们开始相信女巫在夜晚能变成黑猫
it was believed that witches could turn into black cats at night
以便在街上潜行而不被发现
to prowl the streets unobserved.
这一观念随着第一批在美洲的定居者横越大西洋
This belief crossed Atlantic with the first American settlers
并在“萨勒姆猎巫事件”期间成为人们坚信的迷信
and was a firmly held superstition in American during the Salem witch hunts.
甚至在今天 黑猫和某些女巫之间的联系
Even today the association of black cats and some witches
也在万圣节期间变得更加紧密——尽管万圣节起源于宗教
holds strong during Halloween celebrations despite the holiday’s religious beginnings.
曾被崇尚的黑猫因此在世界上很多地方都被认为是邪恶的象征
The once worshiped became a symbol of evil in many parts of the world.
但在英格兰和爱尔兰 它们却象征着好运
However in England and Ireland, black cats are symbols of good luck.
在英格兰中部 黑猫可以作为结婚礼物
In the English Midlands, a black cat as a wedding present
能给新娘带来好运
is for to bring good luck to the bride.
而苏格兰人认为——陌生的黑猫跑到家来象征着着财运
And a Scottish believes a strange black cat’s arrival to the home signifies prosperity.
在日本 黑猫也被认为是好运的象征
Black cats are also considered as good luck in Japan.
但是大多数西欧和南欧国家仍认为它们是霉运的象征
But most of western and southern Europe still consider the black cat as a symbol of bad luck,
尤其是从你面前经过的
especially if one crosses your path
被认为是灾难和死亡的征兆
which is believed to an omen of misfortune and death.
那么关于黑猫的真相到底是什么?
So what’s the truth about black cats?
真相就是——这些都是数世纪前的迷信
The truth is these are superstitions from centuries ago.
但悲哀的是 与其他毛色或花纹的猫相比 黑猫躲避的时间更长
Sadly black cats remain in shelters longer than cats with colour or pattern codes
也经常是最后才被收养且最先被安乐死的
and are often the last to be adopted and the first to be euthanized.
现在仍有许多人相信这些愚昧的迷信说法
There are still people that believe these dumb superstitions.
但真正的真相就是——无论毛发是什么颜色 所有的猫咪
But the real truth is that cats, no matter what the colour their fur is,
都有各自不同的个性 它们谁也不会带来霉运
all have different personalities and none of them bring bad luck.
但相较而言 猫是有好看和不好看的 仅个人观点
If anything, only the cat is good-looking, in my opinion.
我自己跟黑猫有关的经历一直都是正面的
And my personal experience with black cats has always been positive.
因此 如果你能把这些愚蠢的迷信抛诸脑后
So if you can get passed the silly superstitions
且想拥有一只猫的话
and are looking to be owned by a cat,
请考虑收养一只幸运的黑猫吧
please consider adopting a lucky black cat.
感谢观看
Thanks for watching.

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视频概述

黑猫真的是不吉利的象征吗?它们为什么会被人们觉得不吉利呢?

听录译者

forest🍃

翻译译者

海参崴

审核员

审核员MF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=i9GQbI5fFTk

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